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भारत डिस्कवरी प्रस्तुति
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hindoo chandramas mean bihar, uttar pradesh, dilli samet desh ke vibhinn kshetroan mean kartik mas ke shukl paksh ki shashthi ko poore bhaktimay vatavaran mean soory ki upasana ka parv chhath manaya jata hai. jisaki shuruat dvapar kal se hone ka ullekh hai. kahate haian ki log ugate hue soory ko pranam karate haian. lekin yah aisa anokha parv hai jisaki shuruat doobate hue soory ki aradhana se hoti hai.

chhath do shabdoan ke mel se bana hai jisamean chhah arthath hath-hath yog (tapasya vijnan) ko darshata hai. isamean soory ki aradhana ki jati hai. bhagavan soory dev ki aradhana ka sabase b da parv chhath soory dev ko arg dene ka svarnim avasar hota hai. sabhi nadiyoan aur ghatoan par shraddhaluoan ka sailab um data hai to yah samajhate der nahian lagati ki chhath parv a gaya hai. uttar bharat ke bihar, uttar pradesh mean chhath shraddha aur ullas se manaya jane vala sabase b da parv hai.

  • pooja ka pahala din nahay-khay jisamean ganga nadi mean nahaya jata hai aur vahaan ke pani se ghar ko pavitr kiya jata hai.
  • panchami ko dinabhar 'kharana ka vrat' rakhakar vrati sham ko gu d se bani khir, roti aur phal ka sevan karate haian. isake bad shuroo hota hai 36 ghante ka 'nirjala vrat'.
  • parv ka doosara din kharana hai jisamean sooryast ke bad sham ko pooja ke pashchath prasad grahan kiya jata hai isamean gehooan ke ate, kele, khir aur chaval ka grahan prasad ke roop mean kiya jata hai.
  • mahaparv ke tisare din sham ko vrati doobate hue soory ki aradhana karata hai, jab vrati astachalagami soory ko ardhy dete haian.
  • pooja ke chauthe din vratadhari udayiman soory ko doosara ardhy samarpit karate haian. isake pashchath 36 ghante ka vrat samapt hota hai aur vrati ann jal grahan karate haian. is ardhy mean phal, nariyal ke atirikt thekua ka kafi mahattv hota hai.

gitoan ke madhyam

lokapriy bhojapuri gayika pro. sharada sinha chhath ki mahila evan mahangaee ko gitoan ke madhyam se vyakt karate hue kahati haian,

"nahi chho dab ho bhiya chhathiya baratiya,
lele aiha ho bhiya chhath ke motariya.
abaki t bahini mahang bhil gehuana-chho di
dehu e bahini chhath ke baritaya."

sinha ne kaha, "bhakti evan shuddhata ko vishesh roop se mahattv dene vale chhath parv ke prarambh ka ullekh dvapar kal mean milata hai. kaha jata hai ki soory putr aangaraj karn soory ke b de upasak the aur vah nadi ke jal mean kh de hokar bhagavan soory ki pooja karate the. pooja ke pashchath karn kisi bhi yachak ko kabhi bhi khali hath nahian lautate the. unhoanne kaha ki chhath parv ki shuruat kartik mas ke shukl paksh ki chaturthi ko nahay khay se shuroo ho jati hai. jab chhathavrati snan evan pooja path ke bad shuddh arava chaval, chane ki dal aur kaddoo ki sabji grahan karate haian. nahay khay ki taiyari ke dauran mahilaoan ko ek or jahaan gehooan dhone aur sukhane mean vyast dekha ja sakata hai vahian par mahilaoan ke ek hujoom ko bazaroan mean choo di, lahathi, alata aur any suhag ki vastuean kharidate hue dekha ja sakata hai. bihar ke aurangabad zile ke pauranik dev sthal mean lokaparv kartik chhath parv par char divasiy chhath mele ki bhi shuruat ho gee hai. yahaan treta yug mean sthapit prachin soory mandir mean vrihad soory mele ka ayojan kiya jata hai.

anushthan

tyohar ka anushthan atyant kathor hota haian jisamean vrati ya upasak ko upavas rakhana hota hai. unhean lanbe samay tak pani mean kh de rahana p data hai. is parv mean shakahari bhojan kiya jata hai aur namak, lahasun aur pyaj tak se parahej kiya jata hai. pooja ke dauran baans se bane soop mean mithaee, phal, baans evan isase banian samagri, phool, nariyal, gehooan se bane thekue, ganna, gu d, agarabatti ityadi ko rakha jata hai aur isase pooja ki jati hai. is dauran mahilaean bhagavan soory ka gunagan karati haian svadishth pakavan, aangoor, nariyal, mithaee tyohar ka mukhy hissa haian.

soory ki upasana

soory ki upasana bharatiy sanskriti ka sada se hi abhinn aang rahi hai. kartik mas mean hone vali chhath pooja vastutah sooryadev ki hi aradhana hai. soory ki upasana ke tark bhi haian. soory manavamatr ke lie atyant upayogi hai. hamari sanskriti mean palan-poshan karane vale aur mushkiloan se baharv nikalane vale ko hi bhagavan manakar pooja jata hai. sooryanarayan bina kisi bhed-bhav ke sabako nity darshan, oorja aur arogyata dete haian. ve jivan ke devata haian. pe d-paudhe, vanaspatiyaan aur manushy sabhi unase hi anupranit haian. prakash, tap aur oorja ke akshay srot bhagavan soory ke prati manav adikal se hi shraddhavatan raha hai. soory ki jivanishakti aur akshay oorja ke karan unaki pooja ki pratha sansar ki lagabhag sabhi prachin sabhyataoan- misr, mesopotamiya, bharat, chin adi mean milati hai. rrigved mean bhi soory-mahima ka ullekh hai. soory dev akash mean udit hokar garib- amir, sabhi ko apani rashmiyoan se oorja pradan karate haian.

puranoan mean ullekh

puranoan mean ullekh hai ki soory ki aradhana se tan-man svasth rahata hai. yah tathy sabase pahale shuklayajurved mean pratipadit hua hai. atharvaved ne bhi soory ki rashmiyoan mean arogyadayini shakti hone ki pushti ki. bad mean vaijnanikoan ne bhi ise mana aur soory chikitsa ki paddhati vikasit huee.

valmiki ramayan mean ravan par vijay prapt karane se poorv bhagavan shriram ke dvara sooryopasana kie jane ka vivaran milata hai. manyata hai ki sooryopasana se atmavishvas jagata hai aur manobal pusht hota hai.

doobate soory ko arghy

kartik shukl ashtami ko ham sooryadev ke anant upakaroan ke prati kritajnata jnapit karate haian. isi mah mean dhan ki baliyaan pakane lagati haian. adhikaansh vriksh phaloan se lad ate haian. khetoan mean ras bhari eekhean jhoomane lagati haian. shakarakand, siangha da adi phal tatha kand mool pak jate haian. kele ke phal pitabh ho ate haian. ye prakritik vastuean sooryadev ko arpit hoti haian. ye soory dvara hi to pradatt haian. tvadiyan vastu govind, tumyamev samarpaye ke bhav se unhean pratah evan sayan jal mean kh de hokar arpit karate haian.

soory ko pratham arghy sandhya mean pradan kiya jata hai. yah ek mahattvapoorn tathy hai. lok mean kahavat chalati hai. ki ugate soory ko to sabhi namaskar karate haian, doobate soory ko koee nahian poochhata. isake viparit chhath parv yah sandesh deta hai ki jo paropakari haian, use sada shraddha do. usake avasan ke samay, usase mukh nahian mo do. yah sandesh nee pidhi ke lie hai, jo apane vriddh mata-pita ki upeksha karate haian. is pavan ayojan se shiksha grahan karane ki avashyakata hai. keval ghatoan ki shobha nihar kar tatha prasad palan se kartavy ki itishri nahian ho jati. is parv par saanskritik chhata dekhane layaq hoti haian. nadi-sarovar ke ghat is soory-mahotsav ke samay khoob sajaye jate haian. sarakar bhi ghatoan ki svachchhata mean yogadan dene lagi haian. vrati kadal-stanbhoan ke tomar evan amr-patroan tatha pushpoan ke vandanakar banate haian. rang-birange balboan se ghatoan ko adbhut akarshan milata hai. sangit evan vady ke svar vatavaran ko guanjayaman kar darshakoan ko barabas khianch late haian. chhath lok parv hai, atah isase sanbandhit madhur lok git bhi khoob likhe ge haian. mahila kanthoan se nissrit ho yah lok sangit chhath parv ke pramukh akarshanoan mean hai. ghat par jate samay evan vahaan se lautate samay un gitoan ke svar se sanpoorn parivesh adbhut hokar logoan ke man-pranoan ko prabhavit kar deta hai. ek lok git ki chhata dekhean-

kahavaan ki sooraj ke janamavaan, kahava hi hokhe la aanjora
svarg mean hi sooraj ke janamava, kuru khete hokhe la aanjor
garaji ke bolalan sooraj bhal, ke karahian varat hamar॥


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

sanbandhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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