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कार्तिक छठ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hindoo chndramas men bihar, uttar pradesh, dilli samet desh ke vibhinn kshetron men kartik mas ke shukl paksh ki shashthi ko poore bhaktimay vatavaran men soory ki upasana ka parv chhath manaya jata hai. jisaki shuruat dvapar kal se hone ka ullekh hai. kahate hain ki log ugate hue soory ko pranam karate hain. lekin yah aisa anokha parv hai jisaki shuruat doobate hue soory ki aradhana se hoti hai.

chhath do shabdon ke mel se bana hai jisamen chhah arthath hath-hath yog (tapasya vigyan) ko darshata hai. isamen soory ki aradhana ki jati hai. bhagavan soory dev ki aradhana ka sabase bada parv chhath soory dev ko arg dene ka svarnim avasar hota hai. sabhi nadiyon aur ghaton par shraddhaluon ka sailab umadata hai to yah samajhate der nahin lagati ki chhath parv a gaya hai. uttar bharat ke bihar, uttar pradesh men chhath shraddha aur ullas se manaya jane vala sabase bada parv hai.

  • pooja ka pahala din nahay-khay jisamen gnga nadi men nahaya jata hai aur vahan ke pani se ghar ko pavitr kiya jata hai.
  • pnchami ko dinabhar 'kharana ka vrat' rakhakar vrati sham ko gud se bani khir, roti aur phal ka sevan karate hain. isake bad shuroo hota hai 36 ghnte ka 'nirjala vrat'.
  • parv ka doosara din kharana hai jisamen sooryast ke bad sham ko pooja ke pashchath prasad grahan kiya jata hai isamen gehoon ke ate, kele, khir aur chaval ka grahan prasad ke roop men kiya jata hai.
  • mahaparv ke tisare din sham ko vrati doobate hue soory ki aradhana karata hai, jab vrati astachalagami soory ko ardhy dete hain.
  • pooja ke chauthe din vratadhari udayiman soory ko doosara ardhy samarpit karate hain. isake pashchath 36 ghnte ka vrat samapt hota hai aur vrati ann jal grahan karate hain. is ardhy men phal, nariyal ke atirikt thekua ka kafi mahattv hota hai.

giton ke madhyam

lokapriy bhojapuri gayika pro. sharada sinha chhath ki mahila evn mahngaee ko giton ke madhyam se vyakt karate hue kahati hain,

"nahi chhodab ho bhiya chhathiya baratiya,
lele aiha ho bhiya chhath ke motariya.
abaki t bahini mahng bhil gehuna-chhodi
dehu e bahini chhath ke baritaya."

sinha ne kaha, "bhakti evn shuddhata ko vishesh roop se mahattv dene vale chhath parv ke prarambh ka ullekh dvapar kal men milata hai. kaha jata hai ki soory putr angaraj karn soory ke bade upasak the aur vah nadi ke jal men khade hokar bhagavan soory ki pooja karate the. pooja ke pashchath karn kisi bhi yachak ko kabhi bhi khali hath nahin lautate the. unhonne kaha ki chhath parv ki shuruat kartik mas ke shukl paksh ki chaturthi ko nahay khay se shuroo ho jati hai. jab chhathavrati snan evn pooja path ke bad shuddh arava chaval, chane ki dal aur kaddoo ki sabji grahan karate hain. nahay khay ki taiyari ke dauran mahilaon ko ek or jahan gehoon dhone aur sukhane men vyast dekha ja sakata hai vahin par mahilaon ke ek hujoom ko bazaron men choodi, lahathi, alata aur any suhag ki vastuen kharidate hue dekha ja sakata hai. bihar ke aurngabad zile ke pauranik dev sthal men lokaparv kartik chhath parv par char divasiy chhath mele ki bhi shuruat ho gee hai. yahan treta yug men sthapit prachin soory mandir men vrihad soory mele ka ayojan kiya jata hai.

anushthan

tyohar ka anushthan atynt kathor hota hain jisamen vrati ya upasak ko upavas rakhana hota hai. unhen lnbe samay tak pani men khade rahana padata hai. is parv men shakahari bhojan kiya jata hai aur namak, lahasun aur pyaj tak se parahej kiya jata hai. pooja ke dauran bans se bane soop men mithaee, phal, bans evn isase banin samagri, phool, nariyal, gehoon se bane thekue, ganna, gud, agarabatti ityadi ko rakha jata hai aur isase pooja ki jati hai. is dauran mahilaen bhagavan soory ka gunagan karati hain svadishth pakavan, angoor, nariyal, mithaee tyohar ka mukhy hissa hain.

soory ki upasana

soory ki upasana bharatiy snskriti ka sada se hi abhinn ang rahi hai. kartik mas men hone vali chhath pooja vastutah sooryadev ki hi aradhana hai. soory ki upasana ke tark bhi hain. soory manavamatr ke lie atynt upayogi hai. hamari snskriti men palan-poshan karane vale aur mushkilon se baharv nikalane vale ko hi bhagavan manakar pooja jata hai. sooryanarayan bina kisi bhed-bhav ke sabako nity darshan, oorja aur arogyata dete hain. ve jivan ke devata hain. ped-paudhe, vanaspatiyan aur manushy sabhi unase hi anupranit hain. prakash, tap aur oorja ke akshay srot bhagavan soory ke prati manav adikal se hi shraddhavatan raha hai. soory ki jivanishakti aur akshay oorja ke karan unaki pooja ki pratha snsar ki lagabhag sabhi prachin sabhyataon- misr, mesopotamiya, bharat, chin adi men milati hai. rigved men bhi soory-mahima ka ullekh hai. soory dev akash men udit hokar garib- amir, sabhi ko apani rashmiyon se oorja pradan karate hain.

puranon men ullekh

puranon men ullekh hai ki soory ki aradhana se tan-man svasth rahata hai. yah tathy sabase pahale shuklayajurved men pratipadit hua hai. atharvaved ne bhi soory ki rashmiyon men arogyadayini shakti hone ki pushti ki. bad men vaigyanikon ne bhi ise mana aur soory chikitsa ki paddhati vikasit huee.

valmiki ramayan men ravan par vijay prapt karane se poorv bhagavan shriram ke dvara sooryopasana kie jane ka vivaran milata hai. manyata hai ki sooryopasana se atmavishvas jagata hai aur manobal pusht hota hai.

doobate soory ko arghy

kartik shukl ashtami ko ham sooryadev ke annt upakaron ke prati kritgyta gyapit karate hain. isi mah men dhan ki baliyan pakane lagati hain. adhikansh vriksh phalon se lad ate hain. kheton men ras bhari eekhen jhoomane lagati hain. shakaraknd, singhada adi phal tatha knd mool pak jate hain. kele ke phal pitabh ho ate hain. ye prakritik vastuen sooryadev ko arpit hoti hain. ye soory dvara hi to pradatt hain. tvadiyn vastu govind, tumyamev samarpaye ke bhav se unhen pratah evn sayn jal men khade hokar arpit karate hain.

soory ko pratham arghy sndhya men pradan kiya jata hai. yah ek mahattvapoorn tathy hai. lok men kahavat chalati hai. ki ugate soory ko to sabhi namaskar karate hain, doobate soory ko koee nahin poochhata. isake viparit chhath parv yah sndesh deta hai ki jo paropakari hain, use sada shraddha do. usake avasan ke samay, usase mukh nahin modo. yah sndesh nee pidhi ke lie hai, jo apane vriddh mata-pita ki upeksha karate hain. is pavan ayojan se shiksha grahan karane ki avashyakata hai. keval ghaton ki shobha nihar kar tatha prasad palan se kartavy ki itishri nahin ho jati. is parv par sanskritik chhata dekhane layaq hoti hain. nadi-sarovar ke ghat is soory-mahotsav ke samay khoob sajaye jate hain. sarakar bhi ghaton ki svachchhata men yogadan dene lagi hain. vrati kadal-stnbhon ke tomar evn amr-patron tatha pushpon ke vndanakar banate hain. rng-birnge balbon se ghaton ko adbhut akarshan milata hai. sngit evn vady ke svar vatavaran ko gunjayaman kar darshakon ko barabas khinch late hain. chhath lok parv hai, atah isase snbndhit madhur lok git bhi khoob likhe ge hain. mahila knthon se nissrit ho yah lok sngit chhath parv ke pramukh akarshanon men hai. ghat par jate samay evn vahan se lautate samay un giton ke svar se snpoorn parivesh adbhut hokar logon ke man-pranon ko prabhavit kar deta hai. ek lok git ki chhata dekhen-

kahavan ki sooraj ke janamavan, kahava hi hokhe la anjora
svarg men hi sooraj ke janamava, kuru khete hokhe la anjor
garaji ke bolalan sooraj bhal, ke karahin varat hamar॥


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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