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माघ मेला  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

magh mele ka ek drishy

magh mela hinduon ki dharmik evn sanskritik virasat ka adbhut samnjasy hai. ilahabad (prachin samay ka 'prayag') men gnga-yamuna ke sngam sthal par lagane vala magh mela sampoorn bharat men prasiddh hai. hindoo pnchang ke anusar 14 janavari ya 15 janavari ko makar snkranti ke pavan avasar ke din 'magh mela' ayojit hota hai. is avasar par sngam sthal par snan karane ka bahut mahatv hota hai. ilahabad ke magh mele ki khyati poore vishv men phaili huee hai tatha isi ke chalate is mele ke dauran sngam ki retili bhoomi par tnbuon ka ek shahar bas jata hai. magh mela bharat ke sabhi pramukh tirth sthalon men manaya jata hai. nadi ya phir sagar men snan karana, isaka mukhy uddeshy hota hai. dharmik gatividhiyon, sanskritik karyakramon tatha parnparik hast shilp, bhojan aur dainik upayog ki parnparik vastuon ki bikri bhi is mele ke madhyam se ki jati hai.

prayag ka magh mela

pratyek varsh magh mah men jab soory makar rashi men hota hai, tab sabhi vicharon, mat-matantaron ke sadhu-snton sahit sabhi amajan adi log triveni men snan karake puny ke bhagidar banate hain. is dauran chhah pramukh snan parv hote hain. isake tahat paush poornima, makar snkranti, mauni amavasya, basnt pnchami, magh poornima aur mahashivaratri ke snan parv pramukh hain. pauranik manyataon ke adhar par kaha jata hai ki ilahabad ke magh mele men ane valon ka svagat svayn bhagavan karate hain.

tulasidas ka kathan

gosvami tulasidas ne kuchh nimn prakar se 'magh mele' ki mahima ka bakhan kiya hai[1]

"magh makaragati ravi jab hoee,
tirathapatihi av sab koee
dev danuj kinnar nar shreni,
sadar majjahin sakal triveni."

  • tulasidas dvara rachit 'ramacharitamanas' ek pramanik granth hai.[2] yadi 'balakand' ki nimn pnktiyon ko dekha jaye to prayag ke magh mele ki prachinata ke praman ki aur avashyakata nahin rahati-

"magh makar gati ravi jab hoee.
tirath patihin av sab koee॥
dev danuj kinnar nar shreni.
sadar majjahin sakal triveni॥
poojahi madhav pad jal jata.
parasi akhay vatu harashahi gata॥
bharadvaj ashram ati pavan."

katha

magh mele ki prasiddhi ke pichhe kee kathaen hain-

  • pratham kathanusar samudr mnthan se prapt amrit kunbh ke lie devataon aur asuron men mahasngram hua tha. devataon ne amrit kalash ko daityon se chhipane ke lie devaraj indr ko usaki raksha ka bhar saunp diya. itana hi nahin is dayitv ko poora karane ke lie soory, chndr, brihaspati aur shani bhi shamil the. daityon ne isaka virodh karate hue use prapt karane ki ichchha prakat ki. tab unhonne tinon lokon men indr ke putr jaynt ka pichha kiya. udhar kalash ki raksha ke prayas men jaynt ne prithvi par vishram ke kram men amrit kalash ko 'mayapuri' (haridvar), prayag (ilahabad), godavari ke tat par nasik aur kshipra nadi ke tat par avntika (ujjain) men rakha tha. parikrama ke kram men in charon hi sthanon par amrit ki kuchh boonden chhalak gee thin, jisake karan in tirthon ka vishesh mahatv hai.
  • padmapuran ki ek any rochak katha ke anusar, bhrigu desh ki kalyani namak brahmani ko bachapan men hi vaidhavy prapt ho gaya tha. isilie vah vindhyachal kshetr men reva kapil ke sngam par jakar tap karane lagi thi. isi kram men usane sath maghon ka snan kiya tha. durbalata ke karan usane vahin par pran tyag die the, kintu mrityu ke bad magh snan ke puny ke karan hi usane param sudnri apsara tilottama ke roop men avatar liya. isi kram men kee kinvadntiyan aur kathaen aur bhi hain. mana jata hai ki magh ke dharmik anushthan ke phalasvaroop pratishthanapur ke naresh pururava ko apani kuroopata se mukti mili thi. vahin bhrigu rishi ke sujhav par vyaghramukh vale vidyadhar aur gautam rishi dvara abhishapt indr ko bhi magh snan ke mahamty se hi shrap se mukti mili thi. padmapuran ke mahatmy ke anusar magh snan se manushy ke sharir men sthit upatap jalakar bhasm ho jate hain.[3] aise men magh mah men snan sarvashreshth prayashchit bhi hai.

snan ke niyam

magh men snan ke kee niyam bhi batae gaye hain-

  1. magh men malamas pad jae to masopavas chandrayan adivrat malamas men hi samapt karana chahie aur snan danadi dvimas paryant chalata rahega. aise hi niyam kumbh, ardhakumbh ke samay bhi hain.
  2. paush shukl ekadashi se athava poornamasi se athava amavasya se magh snan prarambh karana chahie.
  3. snan ka sabase uttam samay vah hai, jab taragan nikale rahen, madhyam-tara lupt ho jaen.
  4. prayag men magh mas tak rahakar jo vyakti kalpavas tatha ygy, shayya, godan, brahman bhojan, gnga pooja, venimadhav pooja, vratadi aur danadi karata hai, usaka vishesh mahatv tatha puny hota hai.

maghamase gamishyanti gngayamunasngame.
brahmavishnu mahadevarudradityamarudagana:॥

arthath brahma, vishnu, mahadev, rudr, adity tatha marudgan magh mas men prayagaraj ke lie yamuna ke sngam par gaman karate hain.

prayage maghamase tu tryahn snanasy yadbhaveth.
dashashvamedhasahastren tatphaln labhate bhuvi॥

prayag men magh mas ke andar tin bar snan karane se jo phal milata hai, vah prithvi par das hazar ashvamedh ygy karane se bhi prapt nahin hota, aisa mana gaya hai.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ilahabad ka mashahoor magh mela (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 12 janavari, 2013.-
  2. 2.0 2.1 magh mela (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 12 janavari, 2013.
  3. padmapuran 29/30

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

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