असुर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg asur ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- asur (bahuvikalpi)

asur devataon ke sabase prabal shatruon men gine jate the. pauranik dharm grnthon aur hindoo manyataon ke anusar bhi asuron aur devon men sada yuddh hota raha. asuron ne bharat men anekon varsh tak shasan kiya tha. isake bad unhonne eeran ke nikatavarti rajyon par vijay prapt ki aur vahan apana samrajy sthapit kiya. eesaeeyon ki dharmik pustak 'baeebal' me bhi asur rajaon ka ullekh yahudiyon ko qaid kar unhen das banane ke roop men hua hai. bharat men bhi jati pratha ko arambh karane vale asur the. asur log ary dharm ke virodhi aur nirnkush vyavastha ko apanane vale the.

asur ka arth

asur shabd 'asu' arthath 'pran', aur 'r' arthath 'vala' (pranavanh athava shaktiman) se milakar bana hai. bad ke samay men dhire-dhire asur bhautik shakti ka pratik ho gaya. rigved men 'asur' varun tatha doosare devon ke visheshan roop men vyavahrit hua hai, jisamen unake rahasyamay gunon ka pata lagata hai. kintu paravarti yug men asur ka prayog devon (suron) ke shatru roop men prasiddh ho gaya. asur devon ke bade bhrata hain evn donon prajapati ke putr hain.

devataon se sngharsh

asuron ne lagatar devon ke sath yuddh kiya aur inamen se kee yuddhon men ve pray: vijayi bhi hote rahe. unamen se kuchh ne to sare vishv par apana samrajy sthapit kiya, jab tak ki unaka snhar indr, vishnu, shiv adi devon ne nahin kiya. devon ke shatru hone ke karan unhen hi asuron hi dusht daity kaha gaya hai, kintu samany roop se ve dusht nahin the. unake guru bhrigu ke putr shukrachary the, jo devaguru brihaspati ke tuly hi gyani aur rajanayik the.

grnthon men ullekh

mahabharat evn any prachalit doosari kathaon ke varnan men asuron ke gunon par prakash dala gaya hai. sadharan vishvas men ve manav se shreshth gunon vale vidyadharon ki koti men ate hain. 'kathasaritsagar' ki athavin tarang men ek prem poorn katha men kisi asur ka varnan nayak ke sath hua hai. snskrit ke dharmik grnthon men asur, daity evn danav men koee antar nahin dikhaya gaya hai, kintu prarambhik avastha men daity evn danav asur jati ke do vibhag samajhe gaye the. daity 'diti' ke putr evn danav 'danu' ke putr the.

puranon men aye ullekhon se spasht hai ki shrikrishn ke uday se poorv kns ne yadav ganatntr ke pramukh apane pita aur mathura ke raja ugrasen ko bndi banakar nirnkush ekatntr ki sthapana karake apane ko samrat ghoshit kiya tha. usane yadav v abhiron ko dabane ke lie is kshetr men asuron ko bhari matra men sasamman basaya tha, jo praja ka anek prakar se utpidan karate the. shrikrishn ne balyakal men hi abhir yuvakon ko sngathit karake inase takkar li thi. braj ke vibhinn bhagon men in asuron ko jagiren dekar kns ne sammanit kiya. mathura ke samip dahita kshetr men dntavakr ki chhavani thi, pootana khenchari men, arishthasur aroth men tatha vyomasur[1] kamavan men base hue the. parntu kns vadh ke phalasvaroop yah asur samooh ya to mar diya gaya ya phir ye is kshetr se bhag gaye.[2]

any paryay

devataon ke pratidvandvi ke roop men 'asur' ka arth hoga- "jo sur nahin hai"[3] athava "jisake pas sur nahin hai". asuron ke any paryay nimnalikhit hain-

  1. daity
  2. daitey
  3. danuj
  4. indrari
  5. danav
  6. shukrashishy
  7. ditisut
  8. poorvadev
  9. suradvith
  10. devaripu
  11. devari
  • ramayan men asuron ki utpatti alag prakar se batayi gayi hai-

surapratigrahadh deva: sura[4] ityabhivishruta:.
apratigrahanattasya daiteyashchasura: smrita:॥

katha

hinduon adhikansh tirth devon ke nam par hain aur unaki pooja-aradhana ke lie hain. kintu prasiddh tirth sthan 'gaya', jahan log apane poorvajon ka shraddh karane ke lie jate hain, ka nam asur 'gay' yani 'gayasur' ke nam par hai. sambhavat: is tirth ka mool vaidik kal men ho, jab asur itane bure nahin the. asur gayasur ke vishay men ek katha nimn prakar hai-

prachin kal men gay namak asur bhagavan vishnu ko prasann karane ke lie kathin tapasya kar raha tha. jab bhagavan vishnu usaki tapasya se prasann hue aur use var dene ke lie ae, tab gayasur ne keval yahi var manga ki usaka sharir sabhi tirthon se adhik pavitr ho jae. bhagavan ne use yah var pradan kar diya. is varadan ka bada hi apratyashik phal hua. asur gay ko dekh kar hi log mukti pa jate the. is karan devataon ke lie ygy hone band ho ge. ygy ke bina devataon ko havishy milana band ho gaya aur unaki shakti bhi kshin hone lage. ve ghabara kar brahma ji ke pas ge. brahma ji asur gay ke pas ge aur unhonne kaha- "ygy ke lie kuchh pavitr sthal chahie aur isake lie gay ke sharir jaisa pavitr sthal kahin nahin hai." gay ke sir par ek vishalakay shila rakhi gee aur brahma, shiv adi devata shila par baith kar ygy karane lage, kintu gay ka sharir abhi bhi chalayaman tha. ant men jab vishnu bhi shila par baith gaye, tab gay sthir ho gaya aur usane kaha ki jab tak yah dharati, ye parvat, soory, chandr aur tare hain, tab tak brahma, vishnu aur shiv is shila par virajenge. is tirth ka nam mere nam par hi 'gaya' hoga. is tirth se samast manav jati ka kalyan hoga. yah mana jata hai ki gaya men jisaka shraddh ho gaya ho, usaka punarjanm nahin hota. isilie gaya men shraddh aur pindadan ke bad phir shraddh ki avashyakata nahin hoti.[5]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. snbhavatah vritrasur
  2. asur snskriti (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 12 janavari, 2012.
  3. virodh men nanh- tatpurush
  4. madak tattv ka upayog karane ke karan devata log sur kahalaye, kintu aisa n karane se daitey log asur kahalaye.
  5. gupt, lakshmi narayan. sur, asur aur gayasur (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 12 janavari, 2013.

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