संवरण  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

snvaran hastinapur ke pratapi raja the. ve raja ajamidh ke vnshaj the. sudas ka snvaran se yuddh hua tha, jise kuchh vidvan rigved men varnit 'dasharagy yuddh' manate hain. raja sudas ke samay pnchal rajy ka samuchit vistar hua tha. bad men snvaran ke putr 'kuru' ne shakti badhakar pnchal rajy ko apane adhin kar liya, tabhi se yah rajy snyukt roop se 'kuru-pnchal' kahalaya.

parichay

hindoo dharmik grnth 'mahabharat' ke anusar hastinapur men ek pratapi raja tha, jisaka nam snvaran tha. snvaran vedon ko manane vala aur sooryadev ka upasak tha. vah jab tak sooryadev ki upasana nahin kar leta tha, jal ka ek ghoont bhi knth ke niche nahin utarata tha.

tapti se bhent

ek din snvaran him parvat par hath men dhanush-ban lekar akhet ke lie bhraman kar raha tha, tabhi use ek atynt sundar yuvati dikhaee di. vah yuvati itani sundar thi ki snvaran us par asakt ho gaya. vah usake pas jakar bola- "tanvngi, tum kaun ho? tum devi ho, gndharv ho ya kinnari ho? tumhen dekhakar mera chitt chnchal aur vyakul ho utha. kya tum mere sath gndharv vivah karogi? main samrat hoon, tumhen har tarah se sukhi rakhoonga." yuvati ne ek kshan snvaran ko dekha aur phir vah adrishy ho gee. yuvati ke adrishy ho jane par snvaran atyadhik vyakul ho gaya. vah dhanush-ban phenkakar unmatton ki bhanti vilap karane laga.

usake vilap ke bad yuvati pun: prakat huee. vah snvaran ki or dekhati huee boli- "rajan! main svayn ap par mugdh hoon, kintu main apane pita ki agya ke vash men hoon. main sooryadev ki chhoti putri hoon. mera nam tapti[1] hai. jab tak mere pita agya nahin denge, main apake sath vivah nahin kar sakati. yadi apako mujhe pana hai to mere pita ko prasann kijie." yuvati apane kathan ko samapt karati huee pun: adrishy ho gee. snvaran pun: vilap karane laga. vah besudh hokar tapti ko pukarate-pukarate gir pada aur behosh ho gaya. hosh men ane par use tapti ke dvara kahi gee baten yad aeen aur vah man hi man sochata raha ki vah tapti ko pane ke lie sooryadev ki aradhana karega.

sooryadev dvara pariksha

snvaran usi sthan par sooryadev ki aradhana karane laga. dhire-dhire varshon bit ge, snvaran tap karata raha. ant men sooryadev ke man men snvaran ki pariksha lene ka vichar utpann hua. ratri ke samay snvaran ankhen bnd kie hue dhyanamagn baitha tha. charon or sannata tha. tabhi usake kanon men kisi ka svar sunaee diya- "snvaran, too yahan tap men snlagn hai. teri rajadhani agni men jal rahi hai." snvaran bilkul shant apani jagah par baitha raha. usake man men rnchamatr bhi du:kh paida nahin hua. usake kanon men pun: doosara svar goonja- "snvaran, tere kutunb ke sabhi log agni men jalakar mar ge." kintu phir bhi vah himalay sa dridh hokar apani jagah par baitha raha. usake kanon men pun: tisari bar knth-svar pada- "snvaran, teri praja akal ki agni men jalakar bhasm ho rahi hai. tere nam ko sunakar log thoo-thoo rahe hain." phir bhi vah dridhatapoorvak tap men laga raha. usaki dridhata par sooryadev prasann ho uthe aur unhonne prakat hokar kaha- "snvaran, main tumhari dridhata par mugdh hoon. bolo, tumhen kya chahie?" snvaran sooryadev ko pranam karata hua bola- "dev! mujhe apaki putri tapti ko chhodakar aur kuchh nahin chahie. kripa karake mujhe tapti ko dekar mere jivan ko kritarth kijie." sooryadev ne prasannata ki mudra men uttar diya, 'tathastu.'

kuru ka janm

snvaran apani patni tapti ke sath usi doosare rajy ke sundar kshetr men rahane laga aur rag-rng men apani praja aur rajy ko bhi bhool gaya. udhar snvaran ke rajy men bhishan akal paida hua aur jaisa-jaisa sooryadev ne kaha tha, vaisa-vaisa hone laga. snvaran ke mntri ne apane raja ki khoj ki aur unhen rajy ka snpoorn hal bataya. mntri ne apani buddhimani se snvaran ko svapnalok se bahar nikala aur apane rajy ke prati jimmedari ka ahasas karaya. mntri ki baten sunakar snvaran ka hriday kanp gaya aur use is bat ka bodh hone laga ki mainne ek stri ke prati asakt hokar apani praja aur rajy ko chhod diya. snvaran ne kaha- "mntriji. main apaka kritgy hoon, apane mujhe jagakar bahut achchha kiya." snvaran tapti ke sath apani rajadhani pahuncha. usake rajadhani men pahunchate hi joron ki varsha huee. sookhi huee prithvi hariyali se dhnk gee. akal door ho gaya. praja sukh aur shanti ke sath jivan vyatit karane lagi. vah snvaran ko paramatma aur tapti ko devi manakar donon ki pooja karane lagi. snvaran aur tapti se hi 'kuru' ka janm hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

  1. kahin-kahin ise 'tapati' bhi kaha gaya hai.

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