आदि पर्व महाभारत

भारत डिस्कवरी प्रस्तुति
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mahabharat ke parv

adi parv ki sankshipt katha is prakar hai- jaisa ki nam se hi vidit hota hai, yah mahabharat jaise vishal granth ki mool prastavana hai. prarambh mean mahabharat ke parvoan aur unake vishayoan ka sankshipt sangrah hai. katha-pravesh ke bad chyavan ka janm, puloma danav ka bhasm hona, janamejay ke sarpasatr ki soochana, nagoan ka vansh, kadroo kadroo aur vinata ki katha, devoan-danavoan dvara samudr manthan, parikshit ka akhyan, sarpasatr, raja uparichar ka vrittant, vyas adi ki utpatti, dushyant-shakuntala ki katha, puroorava, nahush aur yayati ke charitr ka varnan, bhishm ka janm aur kauravoan-pandavoan ki utpatti, karn-dron adi ka vrittant, drupad ki katha, lakshagrih ka vrittant, hidimb ka vadh aur hidimba ka vivah, bakasur ka vadh, dhrishtadyumn aur draupadi ki utpatti, draupadi-svayanvar aur vivah, pandav ka hastinapur mean agaman, sund-upasund ki katha, niyam bhang ke karan arjun ka vanavas, subhadraharan aur vivah, khandav-dahan aur mayasur rakshan ki katha varnit hai.

adiparv- vansh-parichay

shaantanu aur bhishm

chitr:Blockquote-open.gif vichitraviry se aanbika ko dhritarashtr tatha aanbalika ko paandu namak putr paida hue. vichitraviry ki mrityu ke bad paandu ko rajagaddi par bithaya gaya, kyoanki dhritarashtr janmaandh the. bhishm ne aanbika ki ek dasi ke putr vidur ka lalan-palan bhi rajakumaroan ki tarah kiya tha. yahi vidur dharm-niti ke pandit hue. chitr:Blockquote-close.gif

prachin bharat mean yayati nam ke pratapi raja raj karate the, jinaki rajadhani khaandavaprasth thi. isi sthan par age chalakar iandraprasth bhi basa tha. yayati ki do raniyaan thian-

  1. asuroan ke guru shukrachary ki putri devayani
  2. asuroan ke raja vrishaparva ki putri sharmishtha.

devayani se do putr hue- yadu aur turvasu. yadu ke nam se age chalakar yadu vansh chala jisamean shrikrishna bhi paida hue. sharmishtha ke tin putr hue, jinamean sabase chhota puru bahut parakrami tatha pitribhakt tha. yayati ne puru ko hi apana uttaradhikari banaya. puru ke nam se hi puru vansh ki paranpara chali. puru ke vansh mean hi age chalakar dushyant hue jinhoanne shakuantala se vivah kiya tatha unake putr bharat ke nam par hi hamare desh ka nam bharat p da. bharat ke vansh mean 'hastin' nam ke raja hue jinhoanne apani nee rajadhani hastinapur mean basaee. hastin ke rajavansh mean kuru nam ke raja hue jinake vanshaj kaurav kahalae. kuru ke nam se hi kurukshetr prasiddh hua.

shaantanu

kaurav rajavansh mean shaantanu nam ke pratapi raja hue. shaantanu ne bhagavati ganga se vivah kiya tha. kaha jata hai ki ek-bar asht-vasu nam ke ath devataoan se tang akar vasishth muni ne unhean shap diya ki unhean manushy yoni mean janm lena hoga. parantu athoan vasuoan ki prarthana par, muni ne kaha ki sat vasuoan ka to janm lete hi uddhar ho jaega, par sabase utpati vasu prabhas ko mrityu-lok mean bahut din tak rahana hoga. inhian asht vasuoan ko shap se mukt karane ke lie bhagavati ganga ne unaki maan banana svikar kiya. shaantanu se vivah karane par ganga ko ath putr hue. sat ko to ganga ne paida hote hi apani dhara mean baha diya. athavean putr ko shaantanu ne nahian bahane diya, tab ganga is putr ko apane sath svarg le gee tatha isaka nam devavrat rakha. devavrat hi age chalakar bhishm ke nam se prasiddh hue. ek din ganga tat par shaantanu ne dekha ki ek balak ne apane banoan se ganga ke pravah ko rok rakha hai tabhi ganga prakat huee tatha shaantanu ko bataya ki yah apaka putr devavrat hai. shaantanu ne isi putr ko apana uttaradhikari ghoshit kiya.

bhishm pratijna

ek bar shaantanu ne yamuna nadi ke kinare ek suandar dhivar kanya satyavati ko dekha tatha usase vivah karane ki ichchha prakat ki. satyavati ka pita vivah ke lie taiyar ho gaya, par usane ek shart rakhi ki usaki kanya ka putr hi rajy ka uttaradhikari hoga. shart ko sunakar raja soch mean p d ge tatha dukhi rahane lage. pita ke du:kh ko janakar devavrat svayan dhivar ke pas ge tatha kaha ki apaki kanya ka putr hi rajy ka uttaradhikari hoga. dhivar ne kaha ki mujhe apaki bat par poora bharosa hai, par apaka putr yadi rajy ka dava karega to meri kanya ke putr ka kya hoga. is par devavrat ne pratijna ki ki maian ajanm brahmachari rahooanga tatha apaki kanya ka putr hi rajy ka uttaradhikari hoga. devavrat ki is bhishan pratijna ke karan hi unhean bhishm kaha jata hai. shaantanu ka vivah satyavati se ho gaya tatha unhean do putr hue-

  1. chitraangad
  2. vichitraviry

shaantanu ke bad chitraangad hi gaddi par baithe. chitraangad ki mrityu ke bad vichitraviry gaddi par baithe.

dhritarashtr aur paandu

vichitraviry ke vivah yogy hone par, bhishm ko kashi naresh ki tin kanyaoan aanba, aanbika aur aanbalika ke svayanvar ka nimantran mila. bhishm vichitraviry ko sath lekar svayanvar mean ge tatha tinoan rajakanyaoan ko balapoorvak rath mean baithakar le ae. aanba ne bhishm se nivedan kiya ki maian man se shalvaraj ko apana pati man chuki hooan, isilie bhishm ne use mukt kar diya aur aanbika evan aanbalika se vichitraviry ka vivah ho gaya.

aanba shalvaraj ke pas pahuanchi, par shalvaraj ne use svikar nahian kiya. dukhi aanba ka man bhishm se badala lene ka var prapt kiya. age chalakar yahi aanba shikhandi ke roop mean janmi tatha bhishm ki mrityu ka karan bhi bani.

vichitraviry se aanbika ko dhritarashtr tatha aanbalika ko paandu namak putr paida hue. vichitraviry ki mrityu ke bad paandu ko rajagaddi par bithaya gaya, kyoanki dhritarashtr janmaandh the. bhishm ne aanbika ki ek dasi ke putr vidur ka lalan-palan bhi rajakumaroan ki tarah kiya tha. yahi vidur dharm-niti ke pandit hue.

dhritarashtr ka vivah gaandhari se hua tha. gaandhari dhritarashtr ke aandha hone ke karan apani aankhoan par bhi patti baandhe rahati thi. dhritarashtr ke sau putr ek putri huee. putroan mean sabase b da duryodhan tatha putri ka nam tha duahshala, jisaka vivah jayadrath se hua tha. dhritarashtr ki doosari patni [1] se yuyutsu nam ka putr paida hua tha.

chitr:Blockquote-open.gif shastr-shiksha mean paandav kauravoan se sada age rahate the. ek din jab be shastr-vidya ka abhyas kar rahe the, unaki geand ek kuean mean gir gee. yudhishthir ne jab kuean mean jhaanka to unaki aangoothi bhi kuean mean gir gee. tabhi unhean ek tejasvi brahman udhar ata dikhaee diya. brahman ne rajakumaroan ki chianta ka karan poochha tatha ek siank mantr padhakar kuean mean chho di. vah siank geand par tir ki tarah chubh gee. isi tarah usane kee aur sianke kuean mean pheanki jo ek-doosare ke oopari siroan par chipakati chali geean. jab siank itani lanbi ho gee ki kuean ke sire tak a gee to unhoanne siank ko khianch liya tatha geand bahar a gee. rajakumaroan ko bahut ashchary hua. unhoanne yudhishthir ki aangoothi bhi nikalane ki prarthana ki. brahman ne dhanush se ban chalakar aangoothi ko ban ki nok mean phansakar bahar nikal diya. nam poochhane par pata chala ki ve achary dron the. chitr:Blockquote-close.gif

paandu ka vivah shoorasen ki kanya pritha se hua, usi ko kuanti ke nam se bhi jana jata tha, jo shrikrishna ki bua lagati thi. kuanti ki seva se prasann hokar durvasa rrishi ne use ek aisa mantr bataya tha jisase vah kisi devata ka ahvan kar sakati thi. kaumary mean hi kuanti ne mantr ki pariksha lene ke lie soory ka ahvan kiya tatha soory ki kripa se use ek putr ki prapti huee. lok-laj ke bhay se kuanti ne use ganga mean baha diya. kauravoan ke sarathi adhirath ne usaka palan-poshan kiya. karn ke nam se prasiddh yah balak sarathi dvara pala gaya tha, isilie soot-putr kahalaya. kuanti se paandu ke tin putr hue -

  1. yudhishthir
  2. bhim
  3. arjun

unaki doosari patni madri se unhean nakul tatha sahadev prapt hue. is prakar dhritarashtr ke putr kaurav tatha paandu ke putr paandav kahalae. van vihar karate samay paandu ki mrityu ho gee tatha unaki rani madri unhian ki chita ke sath sati ho gee. kuanti ne hi paanchoan putroan ka palan-poshan kiya.

kaurav-paandav

kauravoan tatha paandavoan ki shiksha kripachary ki dekh-rekh mean hone lagi. duryodhan dhritarashtr ka sabase b da putr hone ke karan apane apako hi rajy ka uttaradhikari samajhata tha. vah paandavoan se eershya rakhata tha tatha bhim se vishesh roop se jalata tha. bhim bhi kauravoan ko khoob satata tha. duryodhan ne bhim ko marane ki yojana banaee. vah jal-kri da ke bahane bhim ko gangatat par le gaya. usane bhim ke bhojan mean vish milava diya tatha jab ve achet hokar zamin par gir p de to lataoan se baandhakar ganga mean baha diya. bhim ke ghar n pahuanchane par sabhi ko bahut chianta huee. ganga mean bahate samay bhim ko vishaile nagoan ne das liya tatha nagoan ke vish se bhojan ke vish ka prabhav samapt ho gaya. ve jal se bahar a ge. paandav bhim ko jivit pakar bahut prasann hue aur duryodhan tatha usake bhaiyoan mean phir se chianta vyapt ho gee.

kauravoan aur paandavoan ki shastr-shiksha

shastr-shiksha mean paandav kauravoan se sada age rahate the. ek din jab be shastr-vidya ka abhyas kar rahe the, unaki geand ek kuean mean gir gee. yudhishthir ne jab kuean mean jhaanka to unaki aangoothi bhi kuean mean gir gee. tabhi unhean ek tejasvi brahman udhar ata dikhaee diya. brahman ne rajakumaroan ki chianta ka karan poochha tatha ek siank mantr padhakar kuean mean chho di. vah siank geand par tir ki tarah chubh gee. isi tarah usane kee aur sianke kuean mean pheanki jo ek-doosare ke oopari siroan par chipakati chali geean. jab siank itani lanbi ho gee ki kuean ke sire tak a gee to unhoanne siank ko khianch liya tatha geand bahar a gee. rajakumaroan ko bahut ashchary hua. unhoanne yudhishthir ki aangoothi bhi nikalane ki prarthana ki. brahman ne dhanush se ban chalakar aangoothi ko ban ki nok mean phansakar bahar nikal diya. nam poochhane par pata chala ki ve achary dron the. unaka vivah kripachary ki bahan kripi se hua tha tatha unake putr ka nam ashvatthama tha. paanchal ke raja drupad achary dron ke sahapathi the tatha donoan mean gahari mitrata thi. drupad ne unase vayada kiya tha ki raja banane par ve dron ko adha rajy de deange, par raja banane par unhoanne n keval apana vayada bhula diya, apitu dron ka apaman bhi kiya. tabhi se dron ke man mean drupad se badala lene ki bhavana ghar kar gee thi.

dronachary ki shastr-vidya se prabhavit hokar bhishm ne dronachary ko rajakumaroan ki shiksha-diksha ke lie rakh liya. inaki shiksha se sabhi rajakumar dhanurvidya mean nipun ho ge, par arjun sabase daksh the tatha isilie dron ko sabase adhik priy bhi the.

lakshy-bhed ki pariksha

ek din guru dron ne sabhi shishyoan ki pariksha li. unhoanne ek pe d ki ooanchi dal par lak di ki ek chi diya rakh di tatha kaha ki chi diya ki aankh mean lakshy-bhed karana hai. sabase pahale yudhishthir ki bari aee. dron ne unase poochha ki tum is samay kya dekh rahe ho. yudhishthir ne bataya ki maian apako tatha pe d ki dal par rakhi chi diya ko dekh raha hooan. dron ne unase kaha ki tumase lakshy-bhed n hoga. ek-doosare karake sabhi rajakumaroan ne lagabhag aisa hi uttar diya tatha dron ne sabhi ko hata diya. aant mean arjun ki bari aee. jab vahi prashn arjun se kiya gaya to unhoanne kaha ki mujhe keval chi diya ki aankh hi dikhaee de rahi hai. yah kahakar arjun ne tir chalaya, jo chi diya ki aankh mean laga. us din se arjun dronachary ke aur bhi priy ho ge.

guru-bhakt ekalavy

ek din ekalavy nam ka bhil balak guru dron ke pas dhanurvidya sikhane ki ichchha se laya. guru dron ne use bataya ki ve keval rajakumaroan ko hi shiksha dete haian. balak chala gaya, par usane guru dron ki moorti banakar dhanurvidya ka abhyas kiya tatha hi dhanurvidya mean nipun ho gaya. ek din sabhi rajakumar jangal mean khelane ge. ek kutta bhi unake age-age chal raha tha. kuchh ahat pakar vah bhauankane laga. ekalavy ne ek-ek karake kee tir chho de jo kutte ke muanh mean ja ghuse kutte ka bhauankana band ho gaya, par use kahian chot nahian aee. rajakumaroan ko bahut ashchary hua. jab unhoanne ekalavy se poochha ki use dhanurvidya kisane sikhaee hai, to usane dron ki moorti ki or ishara kiya tatha kaha-achary dron ne. rajadhani lautakar rajakumaroan ne ekalavy ki dhanurvidya ka samachar guru dron ko sunaya tatha kaha ki ekalavy ne dhanurvidya mean hamase bhi adhik kushalata prapt kar li hai. guru dron ne bataya ki ekalavy ko jo siddhi mili hai, vah usaki guru-bhakti tatha shraddha ka parinam hai.

shastr- sanchalan ka pradarshan

ek din pitamah bhishm ne guru dron se salah karake ke shastr-sanchalan ke pradarshan ki vyavastha ki. nishchit samay par rangasthali darshakoan se bhar gee. bhishm, dhritarashtr, gaandhari, kuanti, vidur adi sabhi upasthit the. sabhi ne apana-apana kaushal dikhaya tatha sabhi ka man moh liya. vidur ne dhritarashtr ko pradarshan ka vrittaant sunaya. bhim aur duryodhan ne gada-yuddh ka kaushal dikhaya. donoan ek-doosare se eershya rakhate the, atah ek doosare par var karane lage lage, par guru dron ne sanket par ashvatthama ne unhean alag-alag kar diya.

karn ki chunauti

arjun ki dhanurvidya ki prashansa sabhi kar rahe the ki isi samay karn age aya tatha apani kala dikhane ki ichchha vyakt karate hue bola ki jo kuchh arjun ne kiya, vah mere lie atyant sadharan-si bat hai. karn ne kaha ki maian arjun se dvandv-yuddh karana chahata hooan. par kripachary ne use sootaputr kahakar dvandv-yuddh ki bat kat di, kyoanki rajakumar se dvandv-yuddh karane ka adhikari rajakumar hi hota hai. is par duryodhan ne karn ko aang desh ka raja ghoshit kar diya tatha sabhabhavan mean hi usaka rajatilak kar diya. arjun ne karn se kaha ki karn tum vir ho, par tum yah mat samajho ki virata ka varadan keval tumhean hi mila hai. sandhya ho chali thi, isilie pitamah bhishm ne pradarshan ko band karane ka adesh de diya. arjun ki garvokti karn ke man mean chot banakar rah gee.

raja drupad se pratishodh

ek din dronachary ne sabhi rajakumaroan ko bulakar shastr-vidya ki shiksha ke badale gurudakshina maangi. unhoanne drupad ko pak dakar apane samane lane ki ajna di. guru ki ajna manakar paandavoan ne paanchal rajy par akraman kar diya tatha drupad ko pak dakar dron ke samane upasthit kiya. is prakar dron ne drupad se badala le liya. bad mean drupad ne bhi apane is apaman ka badala lene ke lie putreshti yajn kiya tatha unhean dhrishtadyumn namak putr paida hua. jisane mahabharat ke yuddh nean dronachary ka vadh kiya.

lakshagrih-dah

duryodhan din-rat isi chianta mean rahata ki kisi prakar paandavoan ka nash karake hastinapur par rajy kar sake. kauravoan-paandavoan mean yudhishthir sabase b de the tatha isilie sianhasan ke uttaradhikari samajhe jate the. par duryodhan sochata tha ki usake pita jyeshth hone par bhi janmaandh hone ke karan gaddi n pa sake, to isase uttaradhikari ka niyam to nahian badal jata. dhritarashtr ka b da putr hone ke karan maian hi gaddi ka adhikari hooan. shakuni, karn, du:shasan, adi duryodhan ke sath the. duryodhan ne paandavoan ki buraee karake dhritarashtr ko bhi apane paksh mean kar liya tatha pita se paandavoan ko varanavart ke mele mean bhejane ko kaha. duryodhan ek yojana banakar paandavoan ka nash karana chahata tha. dhritarashtr ki ajna se paandav varanavart chale ge. unake jate samay vidur ne yudhishthir ko savadhan kar diya tatha agale sandesh ki pratiksha karane ko kaha.

chitr:Blockquote-open.gif ek din arjun rajabhavan ke dvar par baithe the, tabhi ek brahman rota hua aya aur usane bataya ki chor usaki gaean chura le ge haian. arjun us samay nirastr the. unake astr ghar mean the, jahaan yudhishthir draupadi ke sath the. arjun dharm-sankat mean p d ge. yadi hathiyar lene ghar mean jate haian, to barah varsh ka vanavas hoga aur yadi gayoan ko nahian chhu date to brahman se shap milega. aant mean ve sir jhukakar ghar mean ge tatha astr le ae. unhoanne brahman ki gayean chhu dakar brahman ko de di. arjun ne yudhishthir se barah varsh ke vanavas ki ajna maangi. yudhishthir ne bahut samajhaya, par arjun, mata kuanti tatha bhaiyoan se milakar barah varsh ke vanavas ke lie nikal p de. chitr:Blockquote-close.gif

duryodhan ne purochan nam ke ek mantri se milakar varanavart mean lakh ke ek mahal mean paandavoan ko jalakar mar dalane ki yojana bana li thi. lakh ka vah mahal aisa banavaya gaya tha jo ag ke sparsh se hi poori tarah jal uthe tatha paandav jal marean. jaise hi paandav varanavart mean bane lakh mahal mean jane ko taiyar hue vidur ne unhean ek sandesh bhejakar duryodhan ki sari yojana se savadhan kara diya. ek karigar ne mahal se bahar nikalane ke lie surang bana di. paandav mahal ke bhitar nahian, isi surang mean soya karate the, jisase ki mahal mean ag lagane par jaldi hi bahar nikal sakean. krishna chaturdashi ke din yudhishthir ko purochan ke rang-dhang se ahasas ho gaya ki mahal mean aj rat ko hi ag lagaee jaegi. yudhishthir ne apane bhaiyoan ko sachet kar diya. paandavoan ne us din yajn kiya tha, jisamean nagaravasiyoan ke sath ek bhilani ne bhi apane paanch putroan ke sath bhojan kiya tha. bhojan ke bad vah bhilani mahal mean hi so gee. purochan mahal ke bahari kamare mean so raha tha. bhim ne rat ko mahal mean ag laga laga di tatha mata kuanti ko lekar surang se bahar a ge. purechan tatha apane putroan ke sath bhilani jal mari hai. hastinapur mean shok chha gaya, par vidur ko vishvas tha ki paandav avashy hi bach nikale hoange. lakshagrih se nikalakar paandav durgam van par karate hue ganga tat pahuanche, jahaan unhean vidur ka bheja ek adami nav ke sath mila tha paandav usi nav mean ganga par ho ge.

hidianb ka vadh

ganga par karake paandav dakshin ki or badhate rahe tatha ghane jangal mean pahuanch ge. thakan aur bhookh-pyas se sabhi ka bura hal tha. bhim sabako ek vat-vriksh ke niche baithakar pani ki talash mean idhar-udhar dekhane lage. pe d par chadhakar unhoanne pas hi kuchh pakshi dekhe tatha samajh liya ki avashy hi udhar pani hai. ve usi taraph ge tatha ek jalashay ke kinare pahuanch ge, jahaan unhoanne apani pyas bujhaee tatha snan kiya. ve mata aur bhaiyoan ke lie bhi pani lae. thakan hone ke karan ve sab so ge the. us jalashay ke pas hidianb nam ka ek rakshas rahata tha. usaki bahan hidianba ka bhi usi ke sath rahati thi. jaise hi rakshas ko manav-gandh mili, usane apani bahan ko unhean marakar maans lane ko bheja hidianba bhim ko dekhakar mohit ho gee. usane suandar yuvati ka roop dharan kar liya tatha boli ki mere bhaee ne mujhe tumhean marane ke lie bheja tha, par maian tumase vivah karana chahati hooan. soe hue logoan ko jagao, jisase ki maian unhean apani maya se surakshit sthan par pahuancha dooan. yadi mera bhaee yahaan a gaya, to vah sabako mar dalega. vah b da kroor tatha balavan hai. bhim ne kaha ki mujhe tumhare bhaee se koee bhay nahian hai. tabhi vahaan hidianb a gaya. jab usane apani bahan ko suandar yuvati ke roop mean bhim se bat karate dekha to atyant kruddh ho gaya. pahale vah hidianba ko hi marane dau da. bhim ne use bich mean hi pak d liya. donoan mean bhayankar yuddh hone laga. shor sunakar paandav tatha mata kuanti jag geean. tabhi bhim ne hidianb ko patak diya, tatha usake pran nikal ge. mata kuanti ne yudhishthir ki salah par bhim ko hidianba se vivah karane ki anumati de di. samay par use ek putr prapt hua. jisaka nam ghatotkach rakha gaya. vah bahut parakrami yoddha hua. jab bhim apani mata aur bhaiyoan ke sath us van ko chho dakar age jane ki taiyari karane lage to ghatotkach ne bhim se kaha ki, 'pitaji jab bhi zaroorat ho, mujhe yad kijiega. maian apaki seva mean upasthit ho jaooanga.'

bakasur-sanhar

van-marg par chalate-chalate ek din paandavoan ki bheant maharshi vyas se huee. maharshi vyas ne paandavoan ko dhaandhas bandhaya tatha unhian ki salah par paandav brahmachariyoan ka vesh dharan kar ekachakra namak nagari mean ek brahman ke ghar rahane lage. paanchoan bhaee bhiksha maangakar late tatha usi ko baantakar apana pet bharate. ek din bhim ghar par rah ge. tabhi kuanti ne apane ashrayadata brahman ke ghar rone ki avaz suni. poochhane par pata chala ki bak nam ka ek rakshas nagar ke pas hi gufa mean rahata hai, jo logoan ko jahaan bhi dekhata, marakar kha jata tha. nagaravasiyoan ne usase tang akar ek samajhauta kar liya ki har saptah usaki gufa mean ga di bharakar maans, madira, pakavan adi bhej diya jaega tatha ga divan bhi usi khurak mean shamil hoga. us din ga divan ke roop mean us brahman ko jana tha. vahaan pahuanchakar vah kabhi zianda vapas nahian a sakega, isilie ghar ke sabhi log ro rahe haian. kuanti ne brahman ko dhiraj bandhaya tatha kaha ki usaki jagah mera putr bhim chala jaega tatha bakasur usaka kuchh bhi nahian biga d sakega. bhim bhojan tatha pakavan se bhari ga di lekar rakshas ki gufa tak pahuancha tatha usane usase apani pet-pooja shuroo kar di. bakasur ne gufa se dekha ki ek vishal sharir vala manushy usake bhojan ko kha raha hai. vah bhim se bhi d gaya. bhim ne use lat-ghooanse mar-marakar jan se mar dala tatha usaki lash ko nagar-dvar tak le ae. nagaravasiyoan ki prasannata ki sima n rahi.

draupadi-svayanvar

ekachakra nagari mean rahate hue paandavoan ne paanchal desh ke raja yajnasen [2] ki putri draupadi ke svayanvar ka samachar suna. tabhi vahaan vyas bhi a ge. unaki salah mata kuanti ko sath lekar paandav svayanvar dekhane chal p de. raste mean paandavoan ko dhaumy rrishi mile. paandavoan ne unhean apana purohit bana liya. paanchal rajy pahuanchakar mata ki salah se rajadhani ke nikat ek kumhar ke ghar mean tik ge. svayanvar ke din rajadhani ko sajaya gaya tha. desh-desh ke raja usamean bhag lene ae the. hastinapur se karn, duryodhan, dushasan bhi ae the. svayanvar-bhoomi ke madhy bhag mean akash mean ek machhali sthir thi. usake niche ek chakr barabar ghoom raha tha. niche pani mean machhali ki parachhaee ko dekhakar, jo usaki aankh bedh sake, vahi draupadi se vivah kar sakata tha.

matsy-bhedan

ek-ek karake anek rajaoan ne prayas kiya, par koee bhi machhali ki aankh ko nahian vedh saka. karn nishana sadhane chala, par sootaputr kahe jane ke karan use baith jana p da. aant mean brahman veshadhari arjun ne ek tir se machhali ki aankh vedh di. upasthit rajaoan ki shanka par arjun ne doosari bar nishana lagakar machhali ko hi niche gira diya. draupadi ne arjun ke gale mean varamala pahana di. kuchh rajaoan ne brahman veshadhari se draupadi ko chhinane ka prayas kiya, par jab bhim ek vishal pe d ukha dakar le ae to unaka sahas toot gaya. jab draupadi tatha dhrishtadyumn ko pata chala usane arjun ka varan kiya, to usaki prasannata ki sima n rahi. ghar pahuanchakar arjun ne bahar se hi maan ko bataya ki dekho kitani achchhi chiz laya hooan, to bhitar se hi mata kuanti ne uttar diya ki jo lae ho, paanchoan bhaee baant lo. mata kuanti ne jaise hi bahar akar dekha to asamanjas mean p d gee, par arjun ne kaha ki maan, tumhara vachan mithya nahian hoga. tatha draupadi se paanchoan bhaiyoan ka vivah hoga. jab drupad ne suna ki draupadi ka vivah paanchoan paandavoan se hoga, to b de chiantit hue. usi samay maharshi vyas a ge tatha unhoanne draupadi ke poorv janm ki katha sunakar bataya ki use shankar se paanch patiyoan ka varadan mila hai. is prakar draupadi se paanchoan paandavoan ka vivah ho gaya.

paandavoan ki hastinapur vapasi aur iandaprasth ki sthapana

paandavoan ke lakshagrih se bach nikalane tatha draupadi ke vivah ka samachar charoan or phail gaya. dhritarashtr is samachar se prasann nahian the, par bahari prasannata prakat kar rahe the. bhishm aur dronachary ne paandavoan ko vapas bulane ka mat prakat kiya. yadyapi duryodhan aur karn ne isaka virodh kiya, par vidur ki salah par dhritarashtr ne unhian ko unhian ko paandavoan ko lane paanchal bheja. paandavoan ki vapasi par nagar-nivasiyoan ne b de harsh se unaka svagat kiya. dhritarashtr ne unhean adha rajy dekar salah di ki kalah se bachane ke lie hastinapur chho dakar khaandavaprasth ko apani rajadhani bana lean. dhritarashtr ki ajna manakar yudhishthir saparivar khaandavaprasth a ge tatha vahaan unhoanne nee rajadhani basaee jisaka nam iandraprasth rakha. terah varsh tak sukhapoorvak unhoanne rajy kiya.

arjun ka vanavas

ek din iandraprasth mean narad muni ae tatha draupadi ko salah di ki vah paanchoan paandavoan ke sath rahane ka niyam bana le ki vah har ek ke sath ek-ek mas rahegi. jisase bhi yah niyam bhang ho, use ghar chho dakar barah varsh ka vanavas karana hoga. paandav is niyam ka palan karane lage.

ek din arjun rajabhavan ke dvar par baithe the, tabhi ek brahman rota hua aya aur usane bataya ki chor usaki gaean chura le ge haian. arjun us samay nirastr the. unake astr ghar mean the, jahaan yudhishthir draupadi ke sath the. arjun dharm-sankat mean p d ge. yadi hathiyar lene ghar mean jate haian, to barah varsh ka vanavas hoga aur yadi gayoan ko nahian chhu date to brahman se shap milega. aant mean ve sir jhukakar ghar mean ge tatha astr le ae. unhoanne brahman ki gayean chhu dakar brahman ko de di. arjun ne yudhishthir se barah varsh ke vanavas ki ajna maangi. yudhishthir ne bahut samajhaya, par arjun, mata kuanti tatha bhaiyoan se milakar barah varsh ke vanavas ke lie nikal p de.

nagakanya uloopi se arjun ka vivah

desh-desh mean ghoomate hue arjun haridvar pahuanche. ganga mean snan karate samay nagaraj kairavy ki kanya uloopi arjun par mohit ho gee. vah arjun ko patal lok le gee tatha unase vivah kiya. uloopi ne arjun ko varadan diya ki ap jal mean bhi sthal ki tarah chal sakeange.

chitraangada se arjun ka vivah

nagalok se oopar akar arjun anek tirthoan ka bhraman karate hue manipur pahuanche, jahaan ki rajakanya chitraangada atyant roopavati thi. arjun ne chitraangada se vivah kiya. tin varsh tak arjun manipur mean chitraangada ke sath rahe tatha unhean babhruvahan nam ka ek putr bhi prapt hua.

subhadra se arjun ka vivah

manipur se panchatirth hote hue arjun prabhas tirth pahuanche. yah tirth krishna ke rajy mean tha. krishna ne arjun ka svagat kiya. yahaan rahate hue balaram ki bahan subhadra ke prati arjun ke man mean prem paida ho gaya. krishna ko jab isaka pata chala to unhoanne arjun se kaha ki tum subhadra ka haran kar lo kyoanki yadavoan se yuddh mean vijay prapt karake hi tum subhadra se vivah kar sakate ho. arjun ne subhadra ka haran kar liya. yadavoan ne arjun ka pichha kiya tatha ghor yuddh chhi d gaya. arjun ke samane yadavoan ki ek n chali. shrikrishna ne yadavoan ko samajha-bujhakar yuddh band kara diya. subhadra ko lekar arjun pushkar tirth mean bahut dinoan tak rahe. vanavas ke din poore hone ke bad ve subhadra ke sath iandraprasth pahuanche to mata kuanti tatha sabhi paandavoan ki prasannata ki sima n rahi. arjun ko subhadra se abhimanyu tatha draupadi se paandavoan ko paanch putr prapt hue

khaandav-dah

ek din arjun aur shrikrishna kuchh batachit kar rahe the, tabhi agnidev brahman ke vesh mean unake samane ae. agnidev ko ajirn ka rog ho gaya tha, jisaki keval ek hi dava thi ki khaandav van ke jiv unhean jalane ko milean. isi van mean iandr ka mitr takshak sarp bhi rahata tha. agnidev dev jab bhi khaandav van jalane ki koshish karate, iandr varsha kara dete. agnidev ne arjun se sahayata maangi. arjun ne kaha ki maian sahayata karane ko taiyar hooan, par mere pas iandr ka samana karane ke lie upayukt shastr nahian haian. agnidev ne arjun ko 'gaandiv' nam ka vishal dhanush, 'akshay toonir' tatha 'nandighosh' nam ka vishal rath diya. arjun ke sanket par agnidev ne khaandav van ko jalana shuroo kar diya. iandr ne ag bujhane ke lie badaloan ko u da diya. tab iandr svayan arjun se yuddh karane ae. donoan mean ghamasan yuddh hua. iandr arjun ki virata par bahut prasann hue. arjun ne iandr se kaha ki yadi ap mujh par prasann haian to mujhe divyastr dijie. iandr ne kaha ki divyastr prapt karane ke lie tumhean shankar ki aradhana karani p degi. khaandav van mean keval kuchh hi prani bache the, jinamean ek may danav bhi tha, jo kushal shilpi tha. arjun ne use mitr bana liya. may danav ne kaha ki apase pran-raksha ke badale mean maian apaki kuchh seva karana chahata hooan. arjun ne may danav se yudhishthir ke lie iandraprasth mean anupam sabha-bhavan ka nirman karane ko kaha, jise may danav ne sir jhukakar svikar kar liya.

  • adi parv ke antargat kul unnis (up) parv aur 233 adhyay haian. in 19 (up) parvoan ke nam haian-
  • anukramanika parv
  • parvasangrah parv
  • paushy parv
  • paulom parv
  • astik parv
  • aanshavatar parv
  • sambhav parv
  • jatugrih parv
  • hidimbavadh parv
  • bakavadh parv
  • chaitrarath parv
  • svayanvar parv
  • vaivahik parv,
  • viduragamanarajyalambh parv
  • arjunavanavas parv
  • subhadraharan parv
  • haranaharan parv
  • khandavadah parv
  • mayadarshan parv

tika tippani

  1. mahabharat mean ullekh hai ki yuyutsu veshya se utpann putr tha
  2. yajnasen ka hi nam drupad tha

sanbandhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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