आदि पर्व महाभारत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mahabharat ke parv

adi parv ki snkshipt katha is prakar hai- jaisa ki nam se hi vidit hota hai, yah mahabharat jaise vishal granth ki mool prastavana hai. prarambh men mahabharat ke parvon aur unake vishayon ka snkshipt sngrah hai. katha-pravesh ke bad chyavan ka janm, puloma danav ka bhasm hona, janamejay ke sarpasatr ki soochana, nagon ka vnsh, kadroo kadroo aur vinata ki katha, devon-danavon dvara samudr mnthan, parikshit ka akhyan, sarpasatr, raja uparichar ka vrittant, vyas adi ki utpatti, dushyant-shakuntala ki katha, puroorava, nahush aur yayati ke charitr ka varnan, bhishm ka janm aur kauravon-pandavon ki utpatti, karn-dron adi ka vrittant, drupad ki katha, lakshagrih ka vrittant, hidimb ka vadh aur hidimba ka vivah, bakasur ka vadh, dhrishtadyumn aur draupadi ki utpatti, draupadi-svaynvar aur vivah, pandav ka hastinapur men agaman, sund-upasund ki katha, niyam bhng ke karan arjun ka vanavas, subhadraharan aur vivah, khandav-dahan aur mayasur rakshan ki katha varnit hai.

adiparv- vnsh-parichay

shantanu aur bhishm

Blockquote-open.gif vichitraviry se anbika ko dhritarashtr tatha anbalika ko pandu namak putr paida hue. vichitraviry ki mrityu ke bad pandu ko rajagaddi par bithaya gaya, kyonki dhritarashtr janmandh the. bhishm ne anbika ki ek dasi ke putr vidur ka lalan-palan bhi rajakumaron ki tarah kiya tha. yahi vidur dharm-niti ke pndit hue. Blockquote-close.gif

prachin bharat men yayati nam ke pratapi raja raj karate the, jinaki rajadhani khandavaprasth thi. isi sthan par age chalakar indraprasth bhi basa tha. yayati ki do raniyan thin-

  1. asuron ke guru shukrachary ki putri devayani
  2. asuron ke raja vrishaparva ki putri sharmishtha.

devayani se do putr hue- yadu aur turvasu. yadu ke nam se age chalakar yadu vnsh chala jisamen shrikrishn bhi paida hue. sharmishtha ke tin putr hue, jinamen sabase chhota puru bahut parakrami tatha pitribhakt tha. yayati ne puru ko hi apana uttaradhikari banaya. puru ke nam se hi puru vnsh ki parnpara chali. puru ke vnsh men hi age chalakar dushynt hue jinhonne shakuntala se vivah kiya tatha unake putr bharat ke nam par hi hamare desh ka nam bharat pada. bharat ke vnsh men 'hastin' nam ke raja hue jinhonne apani nee rajadhani hastinapur men basaee. hastin ke rajavnsh men kuru nam ke raja hue jinake vnshaj kaurav kahalae. kuru ke nam se hi kurukshetr prasiddh hua.

shantanu

kaurav rajavnsh men shantanu nam ke pratapi raja hue. shantanu ne bhagavati gnga se vivah kiya tha. kaha jata hai ki ek-bar asht-vasu nam ke ath devataon se tng akar vasishth muni ne unhen shap diya ki unhen manushy yoni men janm lena hoga. parntu athon vasuon ki prarthana par, muni ne kaha ki sat vasuon ka to janm lete hi uddhar ho jaega, par sabase utpati vasu prabhas ko mrityu-lok men bahut din tak rahana hoga. inhin asht vasuon ko shap se mukt karane ke lie bhagavati gnga ne unaki man banana svikar kiya. shantanu se vivah karane par gnga ko ath putr hue. sat ko to gnga ne paida hote hi apani dhara men baha diya. athaven putr ko shantanu ne nahin bahane diya, tab gnga is putr ko apane sath svarg le gee tatha isaka nam devavrat rakha. devavrat hi age chalakar bhishm ke nam se prasiddh hue. ek din gnga tat par shantanu ne dekha ki ek balak ne apane banon se gnga ke pravah ko rok rakha hai tabhi gnga prakat huee tatha shantanu ko bataya ki yah apaka putr devavrat hai. shantanu ne isi putr ko apana uttaradhikari ghoshit kiya.

bhishm pratigya

ek bar shantanu ne yamuna nadi ke kinare ek sundar dhivar kanya satyavati ko dekha tatha usase vivah karane ki ichchha prakat ki. satyavati ka pita vivah ke lie taiyar ho gaya, par usane ek shart rakhi ki usaki kanya ka putr hi rajy ka uttaradhikari hoga. shart ko sunakar raja soch men pad ge tatha dukhi rahane lage. pita ke du:kh ko janakar devavrat svayn dhivar ke pas ge tatha kaha ki apaki kanya ka putr hi rajy ka uttaradhikari hoga. dhivar ne kaha ki mujhe apaki bat par poora bharosa hai, par apaka putr yadi rajy ka dava karega to meri kanya ke putr ka kya hoga. is par devavrat ne pratigya ki ki main ajanm brahmachari rahoonga tatha apaki kanya ka putr hi rajy ka uttaradhikari hoga. devavrat ki is bhishan pratigya ke karan hi unhen bhishm kaha jata hai. shantanu ka vivah satyavati se ho gaya tatha unhen do putr hue-

  1. chitrangad
  2. vichitraviry

shantanu ke bad chitrangad hi gaddi par baithe. chitrangad ki mrityu ke bad vichitraviry gaddi par baithe.

dhritarashtr aur pandu

vichitraviry ke vivah yogy hone par, bhishm ko kashi naresh ki tin kanyaon anba, anbika aur anbalika ke svaynvar ka nimntran mila. bhishm vichitraviry ko sath lekar svaynvar men ge tatha tinon rajakanyaon ko balapoorvak rath men baithakar le ae. anba ne bhishm se nivedan kiya ki main man se shalvaraj ko apana pati man chuki hoon, isilie bhishm ne use mukt kar diya aur anbika evn anbalika se vichitraviry ka vivah ho gaya.

anba shalvaraj ke pas pahunchi, par shalvaraj ne use svikar nahin kiya. dukhi anba ka man bhishm se badala lene ka var prapt kiya. age chalakar yahi anba shikhndi ke roop men janmi tatha bhishm ki mrityu ka karan bhi bani.

vichitraviry se anbika ko dhritarashtr tatha anbalika ko pandu namak putr paida hue. vichitraviry ki mrityu ke bad pandu ko rajagaddi par bithaya gaya, kyonki dhritarashtr janmandh the. bhishm ne anbika ki ek dasi ke putr vidur ka lalan-palan bhi rajakumaron ki tarah kiya tha. yahi vidur dharm-niti ke pndit hue.

dhritarashtr ka vivah gandhari se hua tha. gandhari dhritarashtr ke andha hone ke karan apani ankhon par bhi patti bandhe rahati thi. dhritarashtr ke sau putr ek putri huee. putron men sabase bada duryodhan tatha putri ka nam tha duahshala, jisaka vivah jayadrath se hua tha. dhritarashtr ki doosari patni [1] se yuyutsu nam ka putr paida hua tha.

Blockquote-open.gif shastr-shiksha men pandav kauravon se sada age rahate the. ek din jab be shastr-vidya ka abhyas kar rahe the, unaki gend ek kuen men gir gee. yudhishthir ne jab kuen men jhanka to unaki angoothi bhi kuen men gir gee. tabhi unhen ek tejasvi brahman udhar ata dikhaee diya. brahman ne rajakumaron ki chinta ka karan poochha tatha ek sink mntr padhakar kuen men chhodi. vah sink gend par tir ki tarah chubh gee. isi tarah usane kee aur sinke kuen men phenki jo ek-doosare ke oopari siron par chipakati chali geen. jab sink itani lnbi ho gee ki kuen ke sire tak a gee to unhonne sink ko khinch liya tatha gend bahar a gee. rajakumaron ko bahut ashchary hua. unhonne yudhishthir ki angoothi bhi nikalane ki prarthana ki. brahman ne dhanush se ban chalakar angoothi ko ban ki nok men phnsakar bahar nikal diya. nam poochhane par pata chala ki ve achary dron the. Blockquote-close.gif

pandu ka vivah shoorasen ki kanya pritha se hua, usi ko kunti ke nam se bhi jana jata tha, jo shrikrishn ki bua lagati thi. kunti ki seva se prasann hokar durvasa rishi ne use ek aisa mntr bataya tha jisase vah kisi devata ka ahvan kar sakati thi. kaumary men hi kunti ne mntr ki pariksha lene ke lie soory ka ahvan kiya tatha soory ki kripa se use ek putr ki prapti huee. lok-laj ke bhay se kunti ne use gnga men baha diya. kauravon ke sarathi adhirath ne usaka palan-poshan kiya. karn ke nam se prasiddh yah balak sarathi dvara pala gaya tha, isilie soot-putr kahalaya. kunti se pandu ke tin putr hue -

  1. yudhishthir
  2. bhim
  3. arjun

unaki doosari patni madri se unhen nakul tatha sahadev prapt hue. is prakar dhritarashtr ke putr kaurav tatha pandu ke putr pandav kahalae. van vihar karate samay pandu ki mrityu ho gee tatha unaki rani madri unhin ki chita ke sath sati ho gee. kunti ne hi panchon putron ka palan-poshan kiya.

kaurav-pandav

kauravon tatha pandavon ki shiksha kripachary ki dekh-rekh men hone lagi. duryodhan dhritarashtr ka sabase bada putr hone ke karan apane apako hi rajy ka uttaradhikari samajhata tha. vah pandavon se eershya rakhata tha tatha bhim se vishesh roop se jalata tha. bhim bhi kauravon ko khoob satata tha. duryodhan ne bhim ko marane ki yojana banaee. vah jal-krida ke bahane bhim ko gngatat par le gaya. usane bhim ke bhojan men vish milava diya tatha jab ve achet hokar zamin par gir pade to lataon se bandhakar gnga men baha diya. bhim ke ghar n pahunchane par sabhi ko bahut chinta huee. gnga men bahate samay bhim ko vishaile nagon ne das liya tatha nagon ke vish se bhojan ke vish ka prabhav samapt ho gaya. ve jal se bahar a ge. pandav bhim ko jivit pakar bahut prasann hue aur duryodhan tatha usake bhaiyon men phir se chinta vyapt ho gee.

kauravon aur pandavon ki shastr-shiksha

shastr-shiksha men pandav kauravon se sada age rahate the. ek din jab be shastr-vidya ka abhyas kar rahe the, unaki gend ek kuen men gir gee. yudhishthir ne jab kuen men jhanka to unaki angoothi bhi kuen men gir gee. tabhi unhen ek tejasvi brahman udhar ata dikhaee diya. brahman ne rajakumaron ki chinta ka karan poochha tatha ek sink mntr padhakar kuen men chhodi. vah sink gend par tir ki tarah chubh gee. isi tarah usane kee aur sinke kuen men phenki jo ek-doosare ke oopari siron par chipakati chali geen. jab sink itani lnbi ho gee ki kuen ke sire tak a gee to unhonne sink ko khinch liya tatha gend bahar a gee. rajakumaron ko bahut ashchary hua. unhonne yudhishthir ki angoothi bhi nikalane ki prarthana ki. brahman ne dhanush se ban chalakar angoothi ko ban ki nok men phnsakar bahar nikal diya. nam poochhane par pata chala ki ve achary dron the. unaka vivah kripachary ki bahan kripi se hua tha tatha unake putr ka nam ashvatthama tha. panchal ke raja drupad achary dron ke sahapathi the tatha donon men gahari mitrata thi. drupad ne unase vayada kiya tha ki raja banane par ve dron ko adha rajy de denge, par raja banane par unhonne n keval apana vayada bhula diya, apitu dron ka apaman bhi kiya. tabhi se dron ke man men drupad se badala lene ki bhavana ghar kar gee thi.

dronachary ki shastr-vidya se prabhavit hokar bhishm ne dronachary ko rajakumaron ki shiksha-diksha ke lie rakh liya. inaki shiksha se sabhi rajakumar dhanurvidya men nipun ho ge, par arjun sabase daksh the tatha isilie dron ko sabase adhik priy bhi the.

lakshy-bhed ki pariksha

ek din guru dron ne sabhi shishyon ki pariksha li. unhonne ek ped ki oonchi dal par lakadi ki ek chidiya rakh di tatha kaha ki chidiya ki ankh men lakshy-bhed karana hai. sabase pahale yudhishthir ki bari aee. dron ne unase poochha ki tum is samay kya dekh rahe ho. yudhishthir ne bataya ki main apako tatha ped ki dal par rakhi chidiya ko dekh raha hoon. dron ne unase kaha ki tumase lakshy-bhed n hoga. ek-doosare karake sabhi rajakumaron ne lagabhag aisa hi uttar diya tatha dron ne sabhi ko hata diya. ant men arjun ki bari aee. jab vahi prashn arjun se kiya gaya to unhonne kaha ki mujhe keval chidiya ki ankh hi dikhaee de rahi hai. yah kahakar arjun ne tir chalaya, jo chidiya ki ankh men laga. us din se arjun dronachary ke aur bhi priy ho ge.

guru-bhakt ekalavy

ek din ekalavy nam ka bhil balak guru dron ke pas dhanurvidya sikhane ki ichchha se laya. guru dron ne use bataya ki ve keval rajakumaron ko hi shiksha dete hain. balak chala gaya, par usane guru dron ki moorti banakar dhanurvidya ka abhyas kiya tatha hi dhanurvidya men nipun ho gaya. ek din sabhi rajakumar jngal men khelane ge. ek kutta bhi unake age-age chal raha tha. kuchh ahat pakar vah bhaunkane laga. ekalavy ne ek-ek karake kee tir chhode jo kutte ke munh men ja ghuse kutte ka bhaunkana bnd ho gaya, par use kahin chot nahin aee. rajakumaron ko bahut ashchary hua. jab unhonne ekalavy se poochha ki use dhanurvidya kisane sikhaee hai, to usane dron ki moorti ki or ishara kiya tatha kaha-achary dron ne. rajadhani lautakar rajakumaron ne ekalavy ki dhanurvidya ka samachar guru dron ko sunaya tatha kaha ki ekalavy ne dhanurvidya men hamase bhi adhik kushalata prapt kar li hai. guru dron ne bataya ki ekalavy ko jo siddhi mili hai, vah usaki guru-bhakti tatha shraddha ka parinam hai.

shastr- snchalan ka pradarshan

ek din pitamah bhishm ne guru dron se salah karake ke shastr-snchalan ke pradarshan ki vyavastha ki. nishchit samay par rngasthali darshakon se bhar gee. bhishm, dhritarashtr, gandhari, kunti, vidur adi sabhi upasthit the. sabhi ne apana-apana kaushal dikhaya tatha sabhi ka man moh liya. vidur ne dhritarashtr ko pradarshan ka vrittant sunaya. bhim aur duryodhan ne gada-yuddh ka kaushal dikhaya. donon ek-doosare se eershya rakhate the, atah ek doosare par var karane lage lage, par guru dron ne snket par ashvatthama ne unhen alag-alag kar diya.

karn ki chunauti

arjun ki dhanurvidya ki prashnsa sabhi kar rahe the ki isi samay karn age aya tatha apani kala dikhane ki ichchha vyakt karate hue bola ki jo kuchh arjun ne kiya, vah mere lie atynt sadharan-si bat hai. karn ne kaha ki main arjun se dvndv-yuddh karana chahata hoon. par kripachary ne use sootaputr kahakar dvndv-yuddh ki bat kat di, kyonki rajakumar se dvndv-yuddh karane ka adhikari rajakumar hi hota hai. is par duryodhan ne karn ko ang desh ka raja ghoshit kar diya tatha sabhabhavan men hi usaka rajatilak kar diya. arjun ne karn se kaha ki karn tum vir ho, par tum yah mat samajho ki virata ka varadan keval tumhen hi mila hai. sndhya ho chali thi, isilie pitamah bhishm ne pradarshan ko bnd karane ka adesh de diya. arjun ki garvokti karn ke man men chot banakar rah gee.

raja drupad se pratishodh

ek din dronachary ne sabhi rajakumaron ko bulakar shastr-vidya ki shiksha ke badale gurudakshina mangi. unhonne drupad ko pakadakar apane samane lane ki agya di. guru ki agya manakar pandavon ne panchal rajy par akraman kar diya tatha drupad ko pakadakar dron ke samane upasthit kiya. is prakar dron ne drupad se badala le liya. bad men drupad ne bhi apane is apaman ka badala lene ke lie putreshti ygy kiya tatha unhen dhrishtadyumn namak putr paida hua. jisane mahabharat ke yuddh nen dronachary ka vadh kiya.

lakshagrih-dah

duryodhan din-rat isi chinta men rahata ki kisi prakar pandavon ka nash karake hastinapur par rajy kar sake. kauravon-pandavon men yudhishthir sabase bade the tatha isilie sinhasan ke uttaradhikari samajhe jate the. par duryodhan sochata tha ki usake pita jyeshth hone par bhi janmandh hone ke karan gaddi n pa sake, to isase uttaradhikari ka niyam to nahin badal jata. dhritarashtr ka bada putr hone ke karan main hi gaddi ka adhikari hoon. shakuni, karn, du:shasan, adi duryodhan ke sath the. duryodhan ne pandavon ki buraee karake dhritarashtr ko bhi apane paksh men kar liya tatha pita se pandavon ko varanavart ke mele men bhejane ko kaha. duryodhan ek yojana banakar pandavon ka nash karana chahata tha. dhritarashtr ki agya se pandav varanavart chale ge. unake jate samay vidur ne yudhishthir ko savadhan kar diya tatha agale sndesh ki pratiksha karane ko kaha.

Blockquote-open.gif ek din arjun rajabhavan ke dvar par baithe the, tabhi ek brahman rota hua aya aur usane bataya ki chor usaki gaen chura le ge hain. arjun us samay nirastr the. unake astr ghar men the, jahan yudhishthir draupadi ke sath the. arjun dharm-snkat men pad ge. yadi hathiyar lene ghar men jate hain, to barah varsh ka vanavas hoga aur yadi gayon ko nahin chhudate to brahman se shap milega. ant men ve sir jhukakar ghar men ge tatha astr le ae. unhonne brahman ki gayen chhudakar brahman ko de di. arjun ne yudhishthir se barah varsh ke vanavas ki agya mangi. yudhishthir ne bahut samajhaya, par arjun, mata kunti tatha bhaiyon se milakar barah varsh ke vanavas ke lie nikal pade. Blockquote-close.gif

duryodhan ne purochan nam ke ek mntri se milakar varanavart men lakh ke ek mahal men pandavon ko jalakar mar dalane ki yojana bana li thi. lakh ka vah mahal aisa banavaya gaya tha jo ag ke sparsh se hi poori tarah jal uthe tatha pandav jal maren. jaise hi pandav varanavart men bane lakh mahal men jane ko taiyar hue vidur ne unhen ek sndesh bhejakar duryodhan ki sari yojana se savadhan kara diya. ek karigar ne mahal se bahar nikalane ke lie surng bana di. pandav mahal ke bhitar nahin, isi surng men soya karate the, jisase ki mahal men ag lagane par jaldi hi bahar nikal saken. krishn chaturdashi ke din yudhishthir ko purochan ke rng-dhng se ahasas ho gaya ki mahal men aj rat ko hi ag lagaee jaegi. yudhishthir ne apane bhaiyon ko sachet kar diya. pandavon ne us din ygy kiya tha, jisamen nagaravasiyon ke sath ek bhilani ne bhi apane panch putron ke sath bhojan kiya tha. bhojan ke bad vah bhilani mahal men hi so gee. purochan mahal ke bahari kamare men so raha tha. bhim ne rat ko mahal men ag laga laga di tatha mata kunti ko lekar surng se bahar a ge. purechan tatha apane putron ke sath bhilani jal mari hai. hastinapur men shok chha gaya, par vidur ko vishvas tha ki pandav avashy hi bach nikale honge. lakshagrih se nikalakar pandav durgam van par karate hue gnga tat pahunche, jahan unhen vidur ka bheja ek adami nav ke sath mila tha pandav usi nav men gnga par ho ge.

hidinb ka vadh

gnga par karake pandav dakshin ki or badhate rahe tatha ghane jngal men pahunch ge. thakan aur bhookh-pyas se sabhi ka bura hal tha. bhim sabako ek vat-vriksh ke niche baithakar pani ki talash men idhar-udhar dekhane lage. ped par chadhakar unhonne pas hi kuchh pakshi dekhe tatha samajh liya ki avashy hi udhar pani hai. ve usi taraph ge tatha ek jalashay ke kinare pahunch ge, jahan unhonne apani pyas bujhaee tatha snan kiya. ve mata aur bhaiyon ke lie bhi pani lae. thakan hone ke karan ve sab so ge the. us jalashay ke pas hidinb nam ka ek rakshas rahata tha. usaki bahan hidinba ka bhi usi ke sath rahati thi. jaise hi rakshas ko manav-gndh mili, usane apani bahan ko unhen marakar mans lane ko bheja hidinba bhim ko dekhakar mohit ho gee. usane sundar yuvati ka roop dharan kar liya tatha boli ki mere bhaee ne mujhe tumhen marane ke lie bheja tha, par main tumase vivah karana chahati hoon. soe hue logon ko jagao, jisase ki main unhen apani maya se surakshit sthan par pahuncha doon. yadi mera bhaee yahan a gaya, to vah sabako mar dalega. vah bada kroor tatha balavan hai. bhim ne kaha ki mujhe tumhare bhaee se koee bhay nahin hai. tabhi vahan hidinb a gaya. jab usane apani bahan ko sundar yuvati ke roop men bhim se bat karate dekha to atynt kruddh ho gaya. pahale vah hidinba ko hi marane dauda. bhim ne use bich men hi pakad liya. donon men bhaynkar yuddh hone laga. shor sunakar pandav tatha mata kunti jag geen. tabhi bhim ne hidinb ko patak diya, tatha usake pran nikal ge. mata kunti ne yudhishthir ki salah par bhim ko hidinba se vivah karane ki anumati de di. samay par use ek putr prapt hua. jisaka nam ghatotkach rakha gaya. vah bahut parakrami yoddha hua. jab bhim apani mata aur bhaiyon ke sath us van ko chhodakar age jane ki taiyari karane lage to ghatotkach ne bhim se kaha ki, 'pitaji jab bhi zaroorat ho, mujhe yad kijiega. main apaki seva men upasthit ho jaoonga.'

bakasur-snhar

van-marg par chalate-chalate ek din pandavon ki bhent maharshi vyas se huee. maharshi vyas ne pandavon ko dhandhas bndhaya tatha unhin ki salah par pandav brahmachariyon ka vesh dharan kar ekachakra namak nagari men ek brahman ke ghar rahane lage. panchon bhaee bhiksha mangakar late tatha usi ko bantakar apana pet bharate. ek din bhim ghar par rah ge. tabhi kunti ne apane ashrayadata brahman ke ghar rone ki avaz suni. poochhane par pata chala ki bak nam ka ek rakshas nagar ke pas hi gufa men rahata hai, jo logon ko jahan bhi dekhata, marakar kha jata tha. nagaravasiyon ne usase tng akar ek samajhauta kar liya ki har saptah usaki gufa men gadi bharakar mans, madira, pakavan adi bhej diya jaega tatha gadivan bhi usi khurak men shamil hoga. us din gadivan ke roop men us brahman ko jana tha. vahan pahunchakar vah kabhi zinda vapas nahin a sakega, isilie ghar ke sabhi log ro rahe hain. kunti ne brahman ko dhiraj bndhaya tatha kaha ki usaki jagah mera putr bhim chala jaega tatha bakasur usaka kuchh bhi nahin bigad sakega. bhim bhojan tatha pakavan se bhari gadi lekar rakshas ki gufa tak pahuncha tatha usane usase apani pet-pooja shuroo kar di. bakasur ne gufa se dekha ki ek vishal sharir vala manushy usake bhojan ko kha raha hai. vah bhim se bhid gaya. bhim ne use lat-ghoonse mar-marakar jan se mar dala tatha usaki lash ko nagar-dvar tak le ae. nagaravasiyon ki prasannata ki sima n rahi.

draupadi-svaynvar

ekachakra nagari men rahate hue pandavon ne panchal desh ke raja ygysen [2] ki putri draupadi ke svaynvar ka samachar suna. tabhi vahan vyas bhi a ge. unaki salah mata kunti ko sath lekar pandav svaynvar dekhane chal pade. raste men pandavon ko dhaumy rishi mile. pandavon ne unhen apana purohit bana liya. panchal rajy pahunchakar mata ki salah se rajadhani ke nikat ek kumhar ke ghar men tik ge. svaynvar ke din rajadhani ko sajaya gaya tha. desh-desh ke raja usamen bhag lene ae the. hastinapur se karn, duryodhan, dushasan bhi ae the. svaynvar-bhoomi ke madhy bhag men akash men ek machhali sthir thi. usake niche ek chakr barabar ghoom raha tha. niche pani men machhali ki parachhaee ko dekhakar, jo usaki ankh bedh sake, vahi draupadi se vivah kar sakata tha.

matsy-bhedan

ek-ek karake anek rajaon ne prayas kiya, par koee bhi machhali ki ankh ko nahin vedh saka. karn nishana sadhane chala, par sootaputr kahe jane ke karan use baith jana pada. ant men brahman veshadhari arjun ne ek tir se machhali ki ankh vedh di. upasthit rajaon ki shnka par arjun ne doosari bar nishana lagakar machhali ko hi niche gira diya. draupadi ne arjun ke gale men varamala pahana di. kuchh rajaon ne brahman veshadhari se draupadi ko chhinane ka prayas kiya, par jab bhim ek vishal ped ukhadakar le ae to unaka sahas toot gaya. jab draupadi tatha dhrishtadyumn ko pata chala usane arjun ka varan kiya, to usaki prasannata ki sima n rahi. ghar pahunchakar arjun ne bahar se hi man ko bataya ki dekho kitani achchhi chiz laya hoon, to bhitar se hi mata kunti ne uttar diya ki jo lae ho, panchon bhaee bant lo. mata kunti ne jaise hi bahar akar dekha to asamnjas men pad gee, par arjun ne kaha ki man, tumhara vachan mithya nahin hoga. tatha draupadi se panchon bhaiyon ka vivah hoga. jab drupad ne suna ki draupadi ka vivah panchon pandavon se hoga, to bade chintit hue. usi samay maharshi vyas a ge tatha unhonne draupadi ke poorv janm ki katha sunakar bataya ki use shnkar se panch patiyon ka varadan mila hai. is prakar draupadi se panchon pandavon ka vivah ho gaya.

pandavon ki hastinapur vapasi aur indaprasth ki sthapana

pandavon ke lakshagrih se bach nikalane tatha draupadi ke vivah ka samachar charon or phail gaya. dhritarashtr is samachar se prasann nahin the, par bahari prasannata prakat kar rahe the. bhishm aur dronachary ne pandavon ko vapas bulane ka mat prakat kiya. yadyapi duryodhan aur karn ne isaka virodh kiya, par vidur ki salah par dhritarashtr ne unhin ko unhin ko pandavon ko lane panchal bheja. pandavon ki vapasi par nagar-nivasiyon ne bade harsh se unaka svagat kiya. dhritarashtr ne unhen adha rajy dekar salah di ki kalah se bachane ke lie hastinapur chhodakar khandavaprasth ko apani rajadhani bana len. dhritarashtr ki agya manakar yudhishthir saparivar khandavaprasth a ge tatha vahan unhonne nee rajadhani basaee jisaka nam indraprasth rakha. terah varsh tak sukhapoorvak unhonne rajy kiya.

arjun ka vanavas

ek din indraprasth men narad muni ae tatha draupadi ko salah di ki vah panchon pandavon ke sath rahane ka niyam bana le ki vah har ek ke sath ek-ek mas rahegi. jisase bhi yah niyam bhng ho, use ghar chhodakar barah varsh ka vanavas karana hoga. pandav is niyam ka palan karane lage.

ek din arjun rajabhavan ke dvar par baithe the, tabhi ek brahman rota hua aya aur usane bataya ki chor usaki gaen chura le ge hain. arjun us samay nirastr the. unake astr ghar men the, jahan yudhishthir draupadi ke sath the. arjun dharm-snkat men pad ge. yadi hathiyar lene ghar men jate hain, to barah varsh ka vanavas hoga aur yadi gayon ko nahin chhudate to brahman se shap milega. ant men ve sir jhukakar ghar men ge tatha astr le ae. unhonne brahman ki gayen chhudakar brahman ko de di. arjun ne yudhishthir se barah varsh ke vanavas ki agya mangi. yudhishthir ne bahut samajhaya, par arjun, mata kunti tatha bhaiyon se milakar barah varsh ke vanavas ke lie nikal pade.

nagakanya uloopi se arjun ka vivah

desh-desh men ghoomate hue arjun haridvar pahunche. gnga men snan karate samay nagaraj kairavy ki kanya uloopi arjun par mohit ho gee. vah arjun ko patal lok le gee tatha unase vivah kiya. uloopi ne arjun ko varadan diya ki ap jal men bhi sthal ki tarah chal sakenge.

chitrangada se arjun ka vivah

nagalok se oopar akar arjun anek tirthon ka bhraman karate hue manipur pahunche, jahan ki rajakanya chitrangada atynt roopavati thi. arjun ne chitrangada se vivah kiya. tin varsh tak arjun manipur men chitrangada ke sath rahe tatha unhen babhruvahan nam ka ek putr bhi prapt hua.

subhadra se arjun ka vivah

manipur se pnchatirth hote hue arjun prabhas tirth pahunche. yah tirth krishn ke rajy men tha. krishn ne arjun ka svagat kiya. yahan rahate hue balaram ki bahan subhadra ke prati arjun ke man men prem paida ho gaya. krishn ko jab isaka pata chala to unhonne arjun se kaha ki tum subhadra ka haran kar lo kyonki yadavon se yuddh men vijay prapt karake hi tum subhadra se vivah kar sakate ho. arjun ne subhadra ka haran kar liya. yadavon ne arjun ka pichha kiya tatha ghor yuddh chhid gaya. arjun ke samane yadavon ki ek n chali. shrikrishn ne yadavon ko samajha-bujhakar yuddh bnd kara diya. subhadra ko lekar arjun pushkar tirth men bahut dinon tak rahe. vanavas ke din poore hone ke bad ve subhadra ke sath indraprasth pahunche to mata kunti tatha sabhi pandavon ki prasannata ki sima n rahi. arjun ko subhadra se abhimanyu tatha draupadi se pandavon ko panch putr prapt hue

khandav-dah

ek din arjun aur shrikrishn kuchh batachit kar rahe the, tabhi agnidev brahman ke vesh men unake samane ae. agnidev ko ajirn ka rog ho gaya tha, jisaki keval ek hi dava thi ki khandav van ke jiv unhen jalane ko milen. isi van men indr ka mitr takshak sarp bhi rahata tha. agnidev dev jab bhi khandav van jalane ki koshish karate, indr varsha kara dete. agnidev ne arjun se sahayata mangi. arjun ne kaha ki main sahayata karane ko taiyar hoon, par mere pas indr ka samana karane ke lie upayukt shastr nahin hain. agnidev ne arjun ko 'gandiv' nam ka vishal dhanush, 'akshay toonir' tatha 'nndighosh' nam ka vishal rath diya. arjun ke snket par agnidev ne khandav van ko jalana shuroo kar diya. indr ne ag bujhane ke lie badalon ko uda diya. tab indr svayn arjun se yuddh karane ae. donon men ghamasan yuddh hua. indr arjun ki virata par bahut prasann hue. arjun ne indr se kaha ki yadi ap mujh par prasann hain to mujhe divyastr dijie. indr ne kaha ki divyastr prapt karane ke lie tumhen shnkar ki aradhana karani padegi. khandav van men keval kuchh hi prani bache the, jinamen ek may danav bhi tha, jo kushal shilpi tha. arjun ne use mitr bana liya. may danav ne kaha ki apase pran-raksha ke badale men main apaki kuchh seva karana chahata hoon. arjun ne may danav se yudhishthir ke lie indraprasth men anupam sabha-bhavan ka nirman karane ko kaha, jise may danav ne sir jhukakar svikar kar liya.

  • adi parv ke antargat kul unnis (up) parv aur 233 adhyay hain. in 19 (up) parvon ke nam hain-
  • anukramanika parv
  • parvasngrah parv
  • paushy parv
  • paulom parv
  • astik parv
  • anshavatar parv
  • sambhav parv
  • jatugrih parv
  • hidimbavadh parv
  • bakavadh parv
  • chaitrarath parv
  • svaynvar parv
  • vaivahik parv,
  • viduragamanarajyalambh parv
  • arjunavanavas parv
  • subhadraharan parv
  • haranaharan parv
  • khandavadah parv
  • mayadarshan parv

tika tippani

  1. mahabharat men ullekh hai ki yuyutsu veshya se utpann putr tha
  2. ygysen ka hi nam drupad tha

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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