पुष्कर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg pushkar ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- pushkar (bahuvikalpi)


pushkar
pushkar, ajamer
vivaran pushkar, brahma ke mndir aur oonton ke vyapar mele ke lie prasiddh hai.
rajy rajasthan
zila ajamer
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 26° 30' 0.00", poorv- 74° 33' 0.00"
marg sthiti pushkar jnkshan rod se lagabhag 13 se 14 kimi ki doori par sthit hai.
prasiddhi pushkar ke mele men pachchis hazar se bhi adhik oonton ka vyapar hota hai.
kaise pahunchen havaee jahaz, rel, bas adi
havaee adda sanganer havaee adde, jayapur
relave steshan ajamer relave steshan
bas adda ajamer bas adda
yatayat taiksi, aauto riksha, saeekil riksha, sthaniy bas
kya dekhen brahma mandir, savitri mandir, badrinarayan mandir, varah mandir v shivatmeshvari mandir
kahan thaharen hotal, dharmashala, atithi grah
es.ti.di. kod 0145
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
snbndhit lekh pushkar jhil, khvaja moinuddin chishti daragah, anasagar jhil, taragadh ka qila, adhaee din ka jhopada, soni ji ki nasiyan, akabar ka qila
bhasha hindi, angreji, rajasthani
any janakari pushkar men desh ka ikalauta brahma mandir hai.
adyatan‎

pushkar brahma ke mndir aur oonton ke vyapar mele ke lie prasiddh hai. pushkar ka shabdik arth hai talab. ajamer se matr 11 kilomitar door tirtharaj pushkar vishvavikhyat hai aur puranon men varnit tirthon men isaka mahattvapoorn sthan hai. rajasthan ke shahar ajamer men kee paryatan sthal hai jinamen se ye ek hai. anek pauranik kathaen isaka praman hain. yahan se pragaitihasik kalin pashan nirmit astr-shastr mile hain, jo us yug men yahan par manav ke kriya-kalapon ki or snket karate hain.

aitihasik ullekh

bataya jata hai ki kabhi is sthan par med (mer) jati ke adivasi nivas karate the. unake nam par is poore pradesh ka nam meravada kaha jata tha. eesvi shatabdi ke prarnbh men yah kshetr takshakon ke adhikar men raha. in takshakon ko nag bhi kaha jata tha. inaka bauddhon se vaimanasy tha. bauddhon v hoonon ke bar-bar akraman ke karan ye pahadiy़an badal-badal kar akhir vahan pahunche, jahan pushkar tirth tha. unhonne yahan se medon ko mar bhagaya. nag parvat unaki smriti ka pratik hai. itihas ki karavat ke sath yah adivasi kshetr rajapootakal men paramar shasakon ke adhin a gaya. us samay is kshetr ko padmavati kaha jane laga. nag v paramar donon hi jain dharmanuyayi jatiyan rahin. brahmanon se unake sngharsh ke anek udaharan puranon men upalabdh hain. jodhapur ke nikat mndor ke parihar rajapoot rajaon v meravada ke gurjar rajaon v jagiradaron ki madad se brahmanon ne in jain paramaron ko sattachyut kar diya. eesa poorv doosari shatabdi ke kuchh shilalekh mile hain, jinamen varnit prasngon ke adhar par kaha jata hai ki hinduon ke saman hi bauddhon ke lie bhi pushkar pavitr sthan raha hai.

  • bhagavan buddh ne yahan brahmanon ko bauddh dharm ki diksha di thi. phalasvaroop bauddhon ki ek nee shakha paushkarayini sthapit huee. shnkarachary, jin soori aur jin vallabh soori, himagiri, pushpak, eeshidatt adi vidvanon ke nam pushkar se jude hue hain. chauhan raja aranoraj ke kal men vishal shastrarth hua tha. isamen ajamer ke jain vidvanh jin soori aur jin vallabh soori ne bhag liya tha. panch sau sal pahale nimbarkachary parashuram devachary nikatavarti nimbark tirth se roj yahan snanarth ate the. vallabhachary mahaprabhu ne yahan shrimadbhagavat katha ki. gurunanak dev ne yahan grnth sahab ka path kiya aur sanh 1662 men guru govind sinh ne bhi googhat par sngat ki. eesa pashchath 1809 men maratha saradaron ne isaka punarnirman karavaya. yahi vah sthan hai, jahan guru govindasinh ne snvat 1762 (eesa pashchath 1705) men gurugrnth sahab ka path kiya.
pushkar, ajamer
  • sanh 1911 eesvi bad angrezi shasanakal men maharani meri ne yahan mahilaon ke lie alag se ghat banavaya. isi sthan par mahatma gandhi ki asthiyan pravahit ki geen, tab se ise gandhi ghat bhi kaha jata hai. maravad mndor ke pratihar naresh nahadarav ne pushkar ke jal se kushth rog se mukti par pushkar sarovar ki khudaee ki, ghat v dharmashala banavaee. harshanath mndir (sikar) men mile sanh 1037 ke ek shilalekh ke anusar chauhan raja sinharaj ne harshanath mndir banavaya. rana mokal ne varah mndir men apane ko svarn se tulava kar brahmanon ko dan men diya. jodhapur, jayapur, kota, bharatapur adi riyasaton ke rajaon ne ghat banavae.
  • pushkar jainon ko bhi pavitr tirth raha hai. jainon ki pattavaliyon v vnshavaliyon men yah kshetr padmavati ke nam se vikhyat tha. jinapati soori ne eesa pashchath 1168, 1188 v 1192 men is sthan ki yatra ki aur anek logon ko diksha di. varah mndir ke pas hua ghamasan pushkar men pauranik mahatv ka varah mndir ek ghamasan yuddh ka gavah raha hai. yahan aurngajeb aur jodhapur ke maharaj ajit sinh ke bich hue yuddh men donon or ke sat hazar sainik shahid hue the. ajamer ke soobedar tahavvur khan ko vijay mili aur utsav manane ke lie usane ek hazar gayen katane ka ailan kiya. is par rajapooton ne phir yuddh kar tahavvur ko bhaga diya. jit ki khushi men gay ki pratima sthapit ki. yahi pratima aj goo ghat par vidyaman hai. goo ghat ke pas shahi masjid tahavvur ne banavaee thi.

pauranik ullekh

pushkar

pauranik drishti se pushkar ke nirman ki gathaen rahasy aur romanch se paripoorn hain. inaka ullekh padmapuran men milata hai. padmapuran ke srishti khnd men likha hai ki kisi samay vajranabh namak ek rakshas is sthan men rah kar brahmaji ke putron ka vadh kiya karata tha. brahmaji ne krodhit ho kar kamal ka prahar kar is rakshas ko mar dala. us samay kamal ki jo tin pnkhudiyan zamin par girin, un sthanon par jal dhara pravahit hone lagi. kalantar men ye hi tinon sthal jyeshth pushkar, madhyam pushkar v kanishth pushkar ke nam se vikhyat hue. jyeshth pushkar ke devata brahma, madhy ke vishnu v kanishth ke devata shiv hain. mukhy pushkar jyeshth pushkar hai aur kanishth pushkar boodha pushkar ke nam se vikhyat hain, jisaka hal hi jirnoddhar karaya gaya hai. ise buddh pushkar bhi kaha jata hai. pushkar ke namakaran ke bare men kaha jata hai ki brahmaji ke hathon (kar) se pushp girane ke karan yah sthan pushkar kahalaya. rakshas ka vadh karane ke bad brahmaji ne is sthan ko pavitr karane ke uddeshy se kartik nakshatr ke uday ke samay kartik ekadashi se yahan ygy kiya, jisamen sabhi devi-devataon ko amntrit kiya. usaki poornahuti poornima ke din huee. usi ki smriti men yahan kartik mah ekadashi se poornima tak mela lagane laga.

padm puran ke anusar ygy ko nirvighn poora karane ke lie brahmaji ne dakshin disha men ratnagiri, uttar men nilagiri, pashchim men sonachood aur poorv disha men sarpagiri (nag pahad) namak pahadiyan banaee thin. param aradhya devi gayatri ka janm sthan bhi pushkar hi mana jata hai. kahate hain ki ygy shuroo karane se pahale brahmaji ne apani patni savitri ko bula kar lane ke lie apane putr narad se kaha. narad ke kahane par jab savitri ravana hone lagi to narad ne unako dev-rishiyon ki patniyon ko bhi sath le jane ki salah di. is karan savitri ko vilnb ho gaya. ygy ke niyamon ke tahat patni ki upasthiti zaroori thi. is karan indr ne ek gurjar kanya ko talash kar gay ke munh men dal kar pith se nikal kar pavitr kiya aur usaka brahmaji ke sath vivah snpann hua. isi karan usaka nam gayatri kahalaya. jaise hi savitri yahan pahunchi aur brahmaji ko gayatri ke sath baitha dekha to usane krodhit ho kar brahmaji ko shap diya ki pushkar ke alava prithvi par apaka koee mndir nahin hoga. indr ko shap diya ki yuddh men tum kabhi vijayi nahin ho paage. brahmanon ko shap diya ki tum sada daridr rahoge. gay ko shap diya ki too gndi vastuon ka sevan karegi. kuber ko shap diya ki tum dhanahin ho jaoge. ygy ki samapti par gayatri ne sabhi ko shap se mukti dilaee aur brahmanon se kaha ki tum snsar men poojaniy rahoge. indr se kaha ki tum har kar bhi svarg men nivas karoge.

pushkar mahatmy

rishi bole, he mahabhag! padmak yog ka kis samay thik svaroop hota hai, so kaho. soot ji ne kaha - vishakha nakshatr par soory ho aur krittika par chndrama ho, tab 'padmak yog' hota hai, parntu pushkar tirth men isaka milana kathin hai. he dvijon men uttam jab kartiki kritika nakshatrayukt ho aur soory vishakha nakshatr par ho, vahan yahan 'kartiki' kahalati hai, is din snan karane par sooryagrahan jitana phal hota hai. jo manushy shrriddha se 'jyeshth pushkar' men snan kare, vah barah varsh ke snpoorn phal ko prapt karata hai. dvij bole- he soot nndan! tirth pushkar antariksh men kyon thahara hai aur manushyon ko kaise mil sakata hai? yah hamase kaho. soot ji bole- poorvakal men pap se snyukt hone par bhi pushkar snan karane se hi manushy svarg ko chale jate the, is karan se agnishtom ygy, uttam karm, dev poojan pitrikarm aur japadik sab bnd ho ge. keval pushkar men snan karake log svarg men jane lage aur svargalok manushyon se bhar gaya, tab devataon ke man men chinta huee. tab indr, sab devagan, vishnu aur shiv ko age kar brahmalok men brahmadev ki anek prakar ved sookton se stuti kar devata bole- he dev! yah jo apane pushkar tirth banaya hai, isake prabhav se svarg manushyon se bhar gaya hai. manushy papi hone par bhi devata ki barabari kaise kar sakata hai? isalie he mahabhag chaturmukh! pushkar tirth ke snan ka phal nishphal kijie. brahma ji ne kaha- jahar ka vriksh bhi lagakar katana nahin chahie, isalie he devatao, main is tirth ko antariksh men rakhoonga. he dev! kartik shuklapaksh ke ant ke panch din chhod yahan rahega, un panch dinon men tirth pushkar bhootal par rahega, shesh kal men mntron se ahvan hone par pushkar tirth antariksh se bhootal par a jaega. he dvij shreshth! is karan se pushkar bhoomi par hokar bhi antariksh men ho gaya. soot ji bole- tirtharaj pushkar men anek muniyon v devataon ke ashram aur tirth hain so hamase kaho. sootaji bole- he uttam jan! tirth men muniyon aur raj rishiyon ke asnkhy sthan hain, jinaki snkhya brihaspati adi saikadon varshon men bhi nahin kar sakate hain. is pushkar kshetr men pnchashrota sarasvati, praniyon ke pap door karane ke lie brahmalok se akar thahari hain aur unaka suprabha, chndra, nnda, prachi, sarasvati- ye panch shrot sthit hain. jyeshth pushkar men suprabha nadi, madhy pushkar men shuddh nadi aur kanishth pushkar men kanaka, nnda aur prachi sarasvati nadi bahati hai aur mngalakarani, vishnu padi, pad-pad par parvaton-shikharon ko dhoti hai. jisake darshan matr se manushy papon se chhoot jata hai. ygy parvat ke kinare par jo nag tirth prasiddh hain, vahan snan karane vale manushy ko sanp katane se kabhi mrityu nahin hoti hai. bhagavan vishnu ne pratham chakr yahan chhoda tha, vah prati vasar men pind dene se pitrigan prasann hokar uttam gati ko prapt hote hain.[1]

ramayan men ullekh

valmiki ramayan men bhi pushkar ka ullekh hai. ayodhya ke raja trishnku ko sadeh svarg men bhejane ke lie apana sara tap danv laga dene ke lie vishvamitr ne yahan tap kiya tha. yah ullekh bhi milata hai ki apsara menaka bhi pushkar ke pavitr jal men snan karane ayi thi. usako dekh kar hi vishvamitr kam ke vashibhoot ho ge the. ve das sal tak menaka ke snsarg men rahe, jisase shakuntala namak putr ka janm hua. bhagavan ram ne apane pitashri dasharath ka shraddh madhy pushkar ke nikat gaya kund men hi kiya tha.

pushkar, ajamer

mahabharat men ullekh

mahabharat men maharaja yudhishthir ke yatra vritant ke varnan men yah ullekh milata hai ki maharaja ko jngalon men hote hue chhoti-chhoti nadiyon ko par karate hue pushkar ke jal men snan karana chahie. mahabharat kal ki pushti karate kuchh sikke bhi khudaee men mile hain. kaha jata hai ki pandavon ne apane vanavas kal ke kuchh din pushkar men hi bitae the. unhin ke nam par yahan pnchakund bana hua hai. subhadra haran ke bad arjun ne pushkar men kuchh samay vishram kiya tha. agasty, vamadev, jamadagni, bhritahari rishiyon ki tapasya sthali ke roop men unaki guphaen aj bhi nag pahad men hain. bataya jata hai ki parashar rishi bhi isi sthan par utpann hue the. unhin ke vashnj parashar brahman kahalate hain. mahabharat ke van parv ke anusar shrikrishn ne pushkar men dirghakal tak tapasya ki.

lupt sarasvati nadi

aisi manyata hai ki vedon men varnit sarasvati nadi pushkar tirth aur isake asapas bahati hai. pushkar ke samiparti ganaheda, banseli, chavndiya, nand v bhagavanapura ki retili bhoomi men hi sarasvati ka vistar tha. padm puran ke anusar devataon ne badavanal ko pashchimi samudr men le jane ke lie jagatapita brahma ki nishpap kumari kanya sarasvati se anurodh kiya to vah sabase pahale brahmaji ke pas yahin pushkar men ashirvad lene pahunchi. vah brahmaji ke srishti rachana ygy sthali ki agri ko apane sath lekar age badhin. mahabharat ke shaly parv (gada yuddh parv) men ek shlok hai-pitamahen majata ahoota pushkarej va suprabha nam rajendr namnatam sarasvati. arthath pitamah brahmaji ne sarasvati ko pushkar men ahoot kiya. batate hain ki nand, pichauliya v bhagavanapura jis nadi se sarasabj rahe, vah nnda sarasvati hi maulik roop se sarasvati nadi hai. isake bare men padm puran men rochak katha hai. isake anusar raja prabhnjan kumar ne bachche ko doodh pilati ek hirani ko tar diya to hirani ke shap se ek sau sal tak narabhakshi bagh bane rahe. usane shap mukti ka upay poochha to hirani ne bataya ki nnda nam ki gay se vartalap se mukti milegi. ek sau sal poore hone par bagh ne ek gay ko pakad liya. gay ne jaise hi bataya ki vah nnda hai to bagh vapas raja prabhnjan ke roop men avatarit ho gaya. gay ki sachchaee se prasann ho dharmaraj ne vachan diya yahan van men bahane vali sarasvati nadi nnda ke nam se pukari jae.

pushkar kshetr ke vishesh akarshan

  • pushkar jhil rajasthan ke ajamer nagar se gyarah kilomitar uttar men sthit hai.
  • manyata ke anusar isaka nirman bhagavan brahma ne karavaya tha, tatha isamen bavan snan ghat hain. in ghaton men varah, brahm v goo ghat mahattvapoorn hain.
  • varah ghat par bhagavan vishnu ne varah avatar (jngali sooar) liya tha.
  • pauranik sarasvati nadi kurukshetr ke samip lupt ho jane ke bad yahan punah pravahit hoti hai. aisi manyata hai ki shriram ne yahan par snan kiya tha. laghu pushkar ke gav kund sthan par log apane divngat purakhon ke lie anushthan karate hain.
  • bhagavan brahma ka samarpit pushkar men panch mandir hain— brahma mandir, savitri mandir, badrinarayan mandir, varah mandir v shivatmeshvari mandir.

desh ka ikalauta brahma mandir

pushkar ko tirthon ka mukh mana jata hai. jis prakar prayag ko "tirtharaj" kaha jata hai, usi prakar se is tirth ko "pushkararaj" kaha jata hai. pushkar ki ganana pnchatirthon v pnch sarovaron men ki jati hai. pushkar sarovar tin hain -

  1. jyeshth (pradhan) pushkar
  2. madhy (boodha) pushkar
  3. kanishk pushkar.
brahma mandir, pushkar

jyeshth pushkar ke devata brahmaji, madhy pushkar ke devata bhagavan vishnu aur kanishk pushkar ke devata rudr hain. pushkar ka mukhy mandir brahmaji ka mandir hai. jo ki pushkar sarovar se thodi hi doori par sthit hai. mandir men chaturmukh brahma ji ki dahini or savitri evn bayin or gayatri ka mandir hai. pas men hi ek aur sanakadi ki moortiyan hain, to ek chhote se mandir men narad ji ki moorti. ek mandir men hathi par baithe kuber tatha narad ki moortiyan hain.

brahmavaivart puran men ullikhit hai ki apane manas putr narad dvara srishtikarm karane se inkar kie jane par brahma ne unhen roshapoorvak shap de diya ki—"tumane meri agya ki avahelana ki hai, atah mere shap se tumhara gyan nasht ho jaega aur tum gandharv yoni ko prapt karake kaminiyon ke vashibhoot ho jaoge." tab narad ne bhi duahkhi pita brahma ko shap diya—"tat! apane bina kisi karan ke soche - vichare mujhe shap diya hai. atah main bhi apako shap deta hoon ki tin kalpon tak lok men apaki pooja nahin hogi aur apake mntr, shlok kavach adi ka lop ho jaega." tabhi se brahma ji ki pooja nahin hoti hai. matr pushkar kshetr men hi varsh men ek bar unaki pooja–archana hoti hai.

poore bharat men keval ek yahi brahma ka mandir hai. is mandir ka nirman gvaliyar ke mahajan gokul prakh ne ajamer men karavaya tha. brahma mandir ki lat lal rng ki hai tatha isamen brahma ke vahan hns ki akritiyan hain. chaturmukhi brahma devi gayatri tatha savitri yahan moortiroop men vidyaman hain. hinduon ke lie pushkar ek pavitr tirth v mahanh pavitr sthal hai.

vartaman samay men isaki dekh–rekh ki vyavastha sarakar ne sambhal rakhi hai. atah tirthasthal ki svachchhata banae rakhane men bhi kafi madad mili hai. yatriyon ki avas vyavastha ka vishesh dhyan rakha jata hai. har tirthayatri, jo yahan ata hai, yahan ki pavitrata aur saundary ki man men ek yad snjoe jata hai.

pushkar mela

oont mela, pushkar

pushkar mele ka ek rochak ang oonton ka kray–vikray hai. nissndeh any pashuon ka bhi vyapar kiya jata hai, parantu oonton ka vyapar hi yahan ka mukhy akarshan hota hai. milon door se oont vyapari apane pashuon ke sath men pushkar ate hain. pachchis hazar se bhi adhik oonton ka vyapar yahan par hota hai. yah sambhavatah oonton ka snsar bhar men sabase bada mela hota hai. is dauran log oonton ki savari kar kharidadaron ka apani or lubhate hain. pushkar men sarasvati nadi ke snan ka sarvadhik mahattv hai. yahan sarasvati nam ki ek prachin pavitr nadi hai. yahan par vah panch namon se bahati hai. pushkar snan kartik poornima ko sarvadhik punyaprad mana jata hai. yahan prativarsh do vishal melon ka ayojan kiya jata hain.

  • kartik shukl ekadashi se poornima tak yahan par ek vishal mela lagata hai.
  • doosara mela vaishakh shukla ekadashi se poornima tak rahata hai.

melon ke rng rajasthan men dekhate hi banate hain. ye mele marusthal ke ganvon ke kathor jivan men ek navin utsah bhar dete hain. log rng–birnge paridhanon men saj–dhajakar jagah–jagah par nrity gan adi samarohon men bhag lete hain. yahan par kafi matra men bhid dekhane ko milati hai. log is mele ko shraddha, astha aur vishvas ka pratik manate hain. pushkar mela thar marusthal ka ek lokapriy v rngon se bhara mela hai. yah kartik shukl ekadashi ko prarambh ho kartik poornima tak panch din tak ayojit kiya jata hai. mele ka samay poorn chandrama paksh, aktoobar–navambar ka hota hai. pushkar jhil bharatavarsh men pavitratam sthanon men se ek hai. prachinakal se log yahan par prativarsh kartik mas men ekatrit ho bhagavan brahma ki pooja upasana karate hain. [2]

pushkar jhil
ajamer ki pushkar jhil ka vihgnm drishy


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pushkar mahatmy (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 22 aprail, 2013.
  2. pushkar (hindi) google.com/site/ajmervisit. abhigaman tithi: 4 julaee, 2011.

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