चाँद बावड़ी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chand bavadi
chand bavadi, abhaneri
vivaran 'chand bavadi' rajasthan ke prasiddh paryatan sthalon men gini jati hai. yah ek sidhidar kuan hai, jisamen 3,500 snkari sidhiyan hain.
rajy rajasthan
zila dausa
nirman kal naunvi shatabdi
nirmanakarta raja chand
gaharaee 100 fit
sidhiyan 3500
chaudaee 35 mitar
vishesh is bavadi ka nirman is prakar kiya gaya hai ki oopar se niche tak pakki bani sidhiyon ke karan pani asani se bhara ja sakata hai, bhale hi pani ka star jo bhi ho.
snbndhit lekh harshat mata mndir, abhaneri, rajasthan ka itihas
any janakari bavadi ki sabase nichali mnjil par bane do takhon men sthit ganesh evn mahisasur mardini ki bhavy pratimaen isaki khoobasoorati men char chand laga deti hain. isamen ek surng bhi hai, jisaki lambaee lagabhag 17 ki.mi. hai, jo pas hi sthit ganv bhandarej men nikalati hai.

chand bavadi (angrezi: Chand Baori) ek sidhidar kuan hai, jo rajasthan men jayapur ke nikat dausa zile ke abhaneri namak gram men sthit hai. yah sidhidar kuan 'harshat mata mndir' ke samane sthit hai aur bharat hi nahin, apitu vishv ke sabase bade sidhidar aur gahare kuon men se ek hai.

nirman

is bavadi ka nirman 9vin shatabdi men kiya gaya tha. isamen 3,500 snkari sidhiyan hain aur ye 13 tal ooncha aur 100 phut ya 30 mitar gahara hai. ye avishvasaniy kuan us samay jal ki kami se joojh rahe is kshetr ki jal samasya ka ek vyavaharik samadhan tha. is sthan ki shushk jalavayu ne sthaniy logon ko ek aise kuen ki khudaee ke lie vivash kiya, jis par varsh bhar jal ke lie nirbhar raha ja sake. dntakathaon ke anusar yah kuan ek rat men bhooton dvara khoda gaya aur isamen itani sidhiyan hain ki yadi ek sikka niche gir jaye to use khoj pana snbhav nahin hai.[1]

visheshataen

is vishalatam bavadi ke pramukh akarshan is prakar hain-

  1. yah bavadi charon taraf se 35 mitar chaudi hai.
  2. oopar se niche tak pakki bani sidhiyon ke karan pani ka star chahe jo bhi ho hamesha asani se pani bhara ja sakata hai.
  3. chand bavadi, 100 fit gahari, 13 mnjila aur 3500 sidhiyon yukt hai.
  4. yah bavadi prasiddh 'harshat mata mandir' ke samane sthit hai.
  5. yah vishv ki sabase gahari aur badi bavadi hai.

abhaneri

abhaneri ganv, jayapur-agara marg par sthit ek chhota qasba hai. yah jagah romanchak bavadiyon aur harshat mata ke mandir ke liye prasiddh hai. abhaneri ka shuruati nam tha 'abha nagari', arthath 'chamakane vala shahar'; lekin kalantar men bhasha ke apabhrnsh ki vajah se isaka nam dhire-dhire abhaneri ban gaya. aisi manyata hai ki abhaneri ko raja chand ne basaya tha, halanki is shahar ne prachin kal men kee vibhishikaen jhelin, lekin chand bavadi aur mata ke mandir ki vajah se ab yah rajasthan ane vale paryatakon ke akarshan ka kendr ban gaya hai. prachin kal men vastuvidon aur nagarikon dvara jal snrakshan aur vatar harvesting hetu banaee gee is prakar ki kee bavadiyan is kshetr men maujood hain, jinamen kafi pani samaya rahata hai jo kshetr ke nivasiyon ke varshik upayog hetu kam ata hai. chand bavadi in sabhi bavadiyon men sabase badi aur lokapriy hai.[2]

bejod naqqashi

dausa zile ke abhaneri men chand bavadi aur harshat mata ka mndir pattharon par naqqashi ka ek bejod namoona bhi hai. 'harshat mata mndir' ka nirman chauhan vnshiy raja chand ne qarib 8vin tatha 9vin shatabdi men karaya tha. is mndir ke pattharon par akarshak naqqashi men lagabhag 33 karod devi-devataon ke chitr banae ge the. videshi akraman ke hamale men khndit is mndir ke bhagnavashesh yatr-tatr bikhare pade़ hai. chand bavadi aur harshat mata mndir yahan ka mukhy akarshan hain.

chand bavadi ke andar bani akarshak sidhiyan kalatmak aur puratattv kala ka shanadar udaharan hai. gupt kal ke pashchath tatha madhy kal ke arnbhik smarakon ke lie prasiddh abhaneri puratatvik mahattv ka prachin gram hai. mndir ke pujari ke anusar mndir men chhah phut ki nilam ke patthar ki harshat mata ki moorti 1968 men chori ho gee. kinvadnti hai ki harshat mata ganv men ane vale snkat ke bare men pahale hi chetavani de deti thi, jisase ganv vale satark ho jate aur mata unaki hamesha raksha karati thi. ise samriddhi ki devi bhi kaha jata hai.

mahamood dvara akraman

bataya jata hai ki 1021-26 ke kal men mahamood gazanavi ne is mndir ko tod diya tha tatha sabhi moortiyon ko khndit kar diya tha. khndit moortiyan aj bhi mndir parisar tatha chand bavadi men surakshit rakhi huee hain. jayapur ke raja ne 18vin shatabdi men isaka jirnaeddhar karavaya tha.[2]

sidhiyan

chand bavadi ki sidhiyan

isi tarah chand bavadi ka nirman bhi raja chand ne 8 ya 9vin shatabdi men karaya tha. ise "andhere ujale ki bavadi" bhi kaha jata hai. chandani rat men yah bavadi ekadam safed dikhayi deti hai. tin mnjili is bavadi men raja ke lie nrity kaksh tatha gupt surng bani huee hai. isake oopari bhag men nirmit paravarti kalin mndap is bavadi ke lnbe samay tak upayog men rahane ka praman deti hai. bavadi ki tah tak pahunchane ke lie qarib 1300 sidhiyan banaee gee hain, jo adbhut kala ka udaharan pesh karati hain. yah vargakar bavadi charon or stnbh yukt baramadon se ghiri huee hai. yah 19.8 phut gahari hai, jisamen niche tak jane ke lie 13 sopan bane hue hain. bhulabhulaiya ke roop men bani isaki sidhiyon ke bare men kaha jata hai ki koee vyakti jis sidhi se niche utarata hai, vah vapas kabhi usi sidhi se oopar nahin a pata.

surng

bavadi ki sabase nichali mnjil par bane do takhon men sthit ganesh evn mahisasur mardini ki bhavy pratimaen isaki khoobasoorati men char chand laga deti hain. is bavadi men ek surng bhi hai, jisaki lambaee lagabhag 17 ki.mi. hai, jo pas hi sthit ganv bhandarej men nikalati hai. kaha jata hai ki yuddh ke samay raja evn unake sainikon dvara is surng ka istemal kiya jata tha. qarib panch sal pahale isaki khudaee evn jirnoddhar ka kary karaya gaya tha. usamen raja chand ka ullekh kiya hua ek shilalekh bhi mila tha.[2]

abhaneri mahotsav

abhaneri ke mahattv ko badhane ke lie 'bharatiy puratattv vibhag' videshi paryatakon ko yahan lane ke lie apane prayas kar raha hai. vibhag ki or se yahan har varsh 'abhaneri mahotsav' ke nam se tin divasiy karyakram ayojit kie jate hain, jisamen rajasthan sahit deshabhar ke kalakar yahan apani kala ki prastuti dete hain. yahi nahin vibhag ki or se paryatakon ke lie yahan videshi doob yukt park bhi banaya gaya hai. isaki uchit dekhabhal tatha rakharakhav ke lie yahan vibhag ne apane karmachari bhi tainat kar rakhe hain.[1]

haaulivud v baaulivud se sambndh

videshi paryatakon ke sath-sath abhaneri angrezi filmon tatha hindi filmon men bhi chhaee huee hai. angrezi film 'di faaul' v prasiddh hindi film 'bhool bhoolaiya' sahit any kee filmon ki shooting abhaneri men ho chuki hai. chand bavadi ki sidhiyon par kee kalakar bhi thirak chuke hain.

suvidhaen

videshi paryatakon ke abhaneri ke prati badhate lagav ke karan ab yahan unake thaharane ke lie suvidhaen bhi badhane lagi hain. yahan ane vale videshi paryatakon ke lie hotal bhi ban ge hain, jisamen inhen sabhi prakar ki suvidhaen di ja rahi hain. yahi nahin ab to hotal men ane vale videshi paryatak yahan hathiyon par polo bhi khel rahe hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 chand bavadi bandikuee (hindi) varld inpho. abhigaman tithi: 05 aktoobar, 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 chand-vishv ki sabase badi bavadi (hindi) indiya vaautar portal. abhigaman tithi: 05 aktoobar, 2014.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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