हर्षत माता मंदिर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

harshat mata mndir
harshat mata mndir
vivaran 'harshat mata mndir' rajasthan ke abhaneri namak gram men sthit ek prasiddh aitihasik sthal hai. yah mndir ab 'bharatiy puratattv sarvekshan vibhag' ke niyntran men hai.
rajy rajasthan
zila dausa
nirman kal athavin-nauvin sadi
nirmanakarta raja chand
sthapaty shaili mahameroo
pratima mndir ke bhitar harshat mata ki prachin moorti najar nahin ati, balki ne shilp ki pashan ki durga pratima ko pooja jata hai. snbhavat: akramanakariyon dvara mukhy moorti poorn roop se khndit kar di gee thi.
snbndhit lekh abhaneri, chand bavadi, rajasthan ka itihas
any janakari 'harshat mata ka mndir' gupt kal se madhy kal ke bich nirmit advitiy imaraton men se ek mani jati hai. duniya bhar ke sngrahalayon men yahan se prapt moortiyan abhaneri ka nam roshan kar rahi hain.

harshat mata mndir rajasthan ke dausa zile men sthit abhaneri ganv men 'chand bavadi' ke thik viparit disha men sthit hai. ye mndir hindoo devi harshat mata ko samarpit hai, jo harsh aur ullas ki devi hain. yahan ane vale shraddhaluon ka manana hai ki devi sadaiv khush rahati hain aur sab par apani kripa barasati hain. yahan harshat mata devi ko samman dete hue har varsh ek tin divasiy mele ka ayojan kiya jata hai. is dauran yahan bhari snkhya men shraddhalu aur asapas ke zilon ke vyapari ekatr hote hain. ye mndir jo apani patthar ki vastukala ke lie jana jata hai, ab 'bharatiy puratattv sarvekshan vibhag' ke niyntran men hai.

nirman

is vishal mndir ka nirman chauhan vnshiy raja chand ne athavin-navin sadi men karavaya tha. raja chand tatkalin abhaneri ke shasak the. us samay abhaneri abha nagari' ke nam se jani jati thi.

harshat mata ka arth hai "harsh dene vali". kaha jata hai ki raja chand apani praja se bahut pyar karate the. sath hi ve sthapaty kala ke parakhi aur premi the. ve durga ko shakti ke roop men poojate the. apane rajy par mata ki kripa manate the. apane shasan kal ke dauran unhonne yahan durga mata ka mndir banavaya. kaha jata hai ki abhanagari men us samay sukh shanti aur vaibhav ki koee kami nahin thi aur raja chand sahit riyasat ki praja yah manati thi ki rajy ki khushahali aur harsh durga man ki den hai. isi soch ke sath durga ka yah mndir harshat arthat 'harsh ki datri' ke nam se bhi jana jane laga.[1]

snrakshit rashtriy smarak

harshat mata ka poorvamukhi mndir 'bharatiy puratattv vibhag' dvara charon or se lohe ki medh banakar snrakshit kiya gaya hai. mndir ke samane hanumanaji ka ek chhota mndir hai. yah mndir prasiddh 'chand bavadi' aur harshat mata mndir ke bich men hai. lohe ke get se mndir men pravesh karane par bayen or mndir ke bare men aitihasik janakari aur puratatv vibhag ka bord laga hai, jisamen ullekh hai ki yah snrakshit rashtriy smarak hai.

mndir sthapaty

mahameroo shaili ka yah poorvabhimukh mndir dohari jagati par sthit hai. mndir garbhagrih yojana men pradakshinapath yukt pncharath hai, jisake agrabhag men stnbhon par adharit mndap hai. garbhagrih evn mandap gumbadakar chhat yukt hain, jisaki bahari divar par bhadr takhon men brahmanon, devi-devataon ki pratimaen utkirn hain. oopari jagati ke charon or takhon men rakhi sundar moortiyan jivan ke dharmik aur laukik drishyon ko darshati hain. yahi is mndir ki mukhy visheshata hai.[1]

shaili

mndir par shanadar naqqashi

mndir puratan dravid shaili men bana hai. halanki jis maulik roop men yah athavin-navin sadi men gadha gaya tha, vaisa nahin hai. balki mndir ke pashan khndon ko apas men jodakar mndir ka mool roop dene ka prayas kiya gaya hai. mndir ki pratham jagati par charon or prachin naqqashinuma pattharon ko sajaya gaya hai. kuchh pashan khndon ke dher yahan vahan ghas par bhi lage dikhaee dete hain. doosari jagati kuchh sat-ath phit ka chauras dharatal hai. mukhy dvar ke thik samane se bani sidhiyan is dharatal aur isase oopar ki jagati par sthit mndir tak pahunchati hain. is jagati ke dayen or chhota shivalay 'shiv-pnchayat' sahit maujood hai. doosari jagati ek tarah ki khuli parikrama hai, jisake bich ek oonche ayatakar star par mndir ka garbhagrih aur mndap bana hai.

parikrama jagati ke charon or ek jaisi pashan dvarashakhaon ko snjoya gaya hai. bich-bich men stnbhon par utkirn moortiyon ko rakha gaya hai. charon or hajaron ki snkhya men ye toote hue shail apani kala se annd bhi dete hain to du:kh bhi hota hai ki itani khoobasoorat kala ko khndit kyon kiya gaya. mndir ka mukhy mndap shanadar moortiyon aur stnbhon se achnbhit karata hai. shail khndon ko bas ek ke oopar ek jama diya gaya hai. inake bich choona ya siment ka prayog nahin kiya gaya hai. stnbhon par utkirn kala lajavab hai. mndap ki gumbadakar chhat eenton se banaee gee hai. yah sthaniy logon ka prayas hai, jo mndir ke punarniman ki lalak dikhata hai. mndir ka garbhagrih chhota hai.

mata ki pratima

lohe ki salakhon vale chhote get ke bhitar harshat mata ki prachin moorti najar nahin ati, balki ne shilp ki pashan ki durga pratima ko pooja jata hai. snbhavat: mukhy moorti poorn roop se khndit kar di gee thi athava hajaron khndit moortiyon men usaki pahachan nahin ho saki.[1]

akramanakariyon dvara khandit

mata ka mndir

jab desh par turk aur mugal akrantaon ka jor badha, tab turk shasakon ne poore desh ki dharmik asthaon ko khndit karana arnbh kiya. usi daur men turk shasak mahamood gazanavi ne uttar bharat ke kee rajyon par fateh hasil ki aur is andhi men jahan-jahan hindoo dharmik asthaon ke pratik dikhaee die, unhen nasht kar diya gaya. harshat mata ke bhavy mndir ko bhi khnd-khnd kar diya gaya tha. pashan par utkirn ajooba kalakritiyon ko poori tarah nasht kar diya gaya. ek-ek shila ke chhote-chhote tukade kar shilp ka pahad laga diya gaya. kalantar men sthaniy logon ne un tukadon ko ekatr kiya. unaki jagah ki pahachan ki aur jama-jama kar pun: mata ka mndir nirmit kar diya. aj pattharon ke ye tukade ek ke oopar ek rakhe hain aur harshat mata ki vastavik moorti bhi yahan nahin hai. jabaki patthar aur siment se bani adhunik shilp ki moorti ko yahan pratishthit kiya gaya hai.

shanadar imarat

harshat mata ka mndir gupt kal se madhy kal ke bich nirmit advitiy imaraton men se ek mani jati hai. duniya bhar ke sngrahalayon men yahan se prapt moortiyan abhaneri ka nam roshan kar rahi hain. is mndir ke khndahar bhi dasavin sadi ki vastushilp aur moortikala ki utkrishtata ko darshate hain.

logon ki astha

lagabhag tin hajar sal purane mane jane vale is gram ke log bhi mndir ki prachinata ko janate samajhate hain aur bharapoor snrakshan karate hain. sthaniy log mndir men poori astha aur shraddha snjoye hue hain. yahan tin divasiy varshik mele men in smarakon ke prati unaki shraddha aur prem dekhate hi banata hai. vartaman men harshat mata mndir aur 'chand bavadi' donon 'bharat sarakar' ke 'bharatiy puratattv vibhag' dvara snrakshit smarak hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 harshat mata ka mandir (hindi) pink siti.kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 06 aktoobar, 2014.

snbndhit lekh

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