मेनका  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

menaka
menaka tatha vishvamitr
vivaran menaka svarg ki apsaraon men sabase sundar thi. vah devaraj indr ke kahane par prithvi par aee thi.
uddeshy maharshi vishvamitr ka tap bhng karana.
vivah vishvamitr
sntan shakuntala
snbndhit lekh vishvamitr, shakuntala
any janakari shakuntala ke janm ke kuchh samay bad hi menaka svarg vapas laut gee, kyonki use bhay tha ki kahin svarg ki doosari apsarayen urvashi, rambha adi usaka sthan n le len.

menaka svarg ki sarvasundar apsara thi. devaraj indr ne maharshi vishvamitr ke naye srishti ke nirman ke tap se dar kar unaki tapasya bhng karane ke lie menaka ko prithvi par bheja tha. menaka ne apane roop aur saundary se tapasya men lin vishvamitr ka tap bhng kar diya. vishvamitr ne menaka se vivah kar liya aur van men rahane lage. vishvamitr sab kuchh chhodakar menaka ke hi prem men doob gaye the. menaka se vishvamitr ne ek sundar kanya prapt ki, jisaka nam shakuntala rakha gaya tha. jab shakuntala chhoti thi, tabhi ek din menaka use aur vishvamitr ko van men chhodakar svarg chali gee. vishvamitr ka tap bhng karane men saphal hokar menaka devalok lauti to vahan usaki kamoddipak shakti aur kalatmak samarthy ki bhoori-bhoori prashnsa huee aur devasabha men usaka adar bahut badh gaya.

indr ka bhay

pauranik varnan ke anusar shakuntala ki mata menaka is lok ki nari nahin, devalok ki apsara thi. maharshi vishvamitr ki ghor tapasya se bhayabhit hokar devaraj indr ne menaka ko kuchh samay ke liye nari sharir dharan kar martyalok men rahane ka adesh diya. maharshi vishvamitr brahmarshi ka pad prapt karana chahate the. vishvamitr ne brahmatv ke adhikar aur pad ko pane ke liye ghor tap kiya. brahmanon aur devataon ne vishvamitr ke tap ki shlagha se unhen maharshi se ooncha, rajarshi pad dena svikar kar liya, parantu vishvamitr ke kshatriy kulodbhav hone ke karan devataon aur brahmanon ne unhen samaj ke vidhayak brahmarshi ka pad dena svikar nahin kiya. vishvamitr devataon aur brahmanon ki vyavastha aur shasan men brahmanon ke prati pakshapat dekhakar devataon ki srishti aur brahmanon ki vyavastha se asntusht ho gaye. unhonne brahmarshi pad prapt karane ki pratigya poori karane ke liye devataon aur brahmanon dvara niyntrit tatha shasit srishti aur vyavastha ki pratidvandvita men nayi srishti tatha nayi vyavastha ki rachana ka nishchay kar liya. devataon aur brahmanon ne srishti ki vyavastha par apane adhikar ke prati vishvamitr ki is chunauti ko kshudr manav ka kshubdh ahnkar hi samajha, parantu vishvamitr dridh nishchay se nayi srishti ki vyavastha ki rachana ke liye tap men lag gaye.[1]

menaka aur vishvamitr

menaka ka prithvi par ana

kuchh samay pashchath vishvamitr ki saphalata ka samachar devaraj indr tak pahunchane laga. indr janate the ki parntap maharshi vishvamitr ka nishchay bhng kar dena atyant kathin tha. ve janate the, kisi bhi shakti ka bhay athava sampada ka pralobhan vishvamitr ko apane nishchay se diga nahin sakata tha. indr ne vishvamitr ka tap skhalit karane ke liye, svayn unaki hi shakti vishvamitr ke manav sharir ki kary-karan bhoot pranashakti, srijan-shakti ka hi upayog karane ka nishchay kiya. devaraj ne vishvamitr ke astitv athava sharir men vyapt srijan-shakti ko vash men kar, unhen tap ke lakshy se vimukh karane ka uttaradayitv devalok ki prumakh apsara 'menaka' ko saunpa. menaka indr ke adesh se maharshi vishvamitr ka tap bhng karane ke liye martyalok men ayi. maharshi ko vash men karane ke lie menaka ne indr se paramarsh se us kamashakti ka prayog kiya, jo sharir matr ke udbhav aur kram ka nimitt hoti hai aur pran tatha jivan ke gun ke roop men jiv matr men samahit rahati hai. menaka ne vishvamitr ke sharir men vyapt us shakti ka udbabodhan karane ke liye apsara ke gun svabhav tyag kar nari prakriti grahan kar li aur maharshi vishvamitr ke samipy men pratyaksh ho gayi. vishvamitr ka dhyan akarshit karane ke liye menaka ko sookshm bhav-bhngima tatha snketon dvara anek prayatn karane pade. vah avasar pakar maharshi ki drishti men pad jati aur unaki drishti se snkoch prakat kar chhip jane ka yatn karati. vah sayatn asavadhani men apane kamaniy sharir par se vayu dvara sahasa vastr ud jane deti aur phir maharshi ki drishti ke bhay aur laj se kachchhap ke saman apane men hi simat jati.

vishvamitr ka tap bhng karana

prajvalit agni ka samipy any padarthon men samahit sushupt agni ka udbabodhan kiye bina nahin rahata. maharshi vishvamitr ka sharir kathin tap se shushk kashthavath ho gaya tha, parantu kamagni ki pratik menaka ke samipy aur sngati se maharshi ke sharir men kamashakti ke sphuling sphurit hone lage. unaka sharir jivan ki umng se sirahan aur spandan anubhav karane laga. maharshi ki tap men lagi huee pranashakti menaka ke lavanyamay sharir ke avalamb se sarthak hone ke liye vyakul ho gayi. maharshi ke chitt men menaka ki sngati ko adhikadhik charitarth karane ke atirikt any vichar ka avakash n raha. kam ki ekagrata men vishvamitr ko devatv tatha brahmatv ki spardha aur pratidvandvi srishti ki rachana ka dhyan n raha. vishvamitr, nari roop menaka ke samarpan ke parirambh men vivash ho gaye. menaka vishvamitr ka dhyan navasrishti rachana se skhalit karane men saphal ho gayi, parantu vishvamitr tap punah arambh n kar den, is chinta men vah kitane samay tak martyalok men bani rahati. menaka ko martyalok men devalok ke karm tatha phal se unmukt, abadh sukh ka sntosh prapt n tha. use devalok men apani sthiti tatha adhikar ki bhi chinta thi. usaki pratidvandvini apsarayen urvashi, rambha adi devalok men unaki anupasthiti se labh utha sakati thin.[1]

shakuntala ka janm

apsara menaka ne martyalok men jivan ke dharm aur niyam jan liye the- jiv apane shariron ke prakriti aur gun se kam-pravritti ka dharm poora karate hain. jiv isi dharm ki poorti athava karm ke phalasvaroop santan prapt karate hain aur ve santan ke palan-raksha adi ke dharm athava karm men bndh jate hain. yahi martyalok men jivan ka dharm athava lokadharm hai. is lokadharm ki parampara se hi srishti ki vyavastha ka chakr chalata rahata hai. jivon men vyapt kam pravritti athava srijanadharm ki parampara hi srishti ke anant chakr ki gati ka karan hai. menaka ne nishchay kiya devaraj indr dvara nirdisht uttaradayitv poorn karane ke lie vishvamitr ko lokadharm ki parampara men bandh dena avashyak hoga. menaka ne vishvamitr ko apani sngati se diye anand aur santosh ka moortt, ek shishu-kanya ke roop men diya, jisaka nam shakuntala rakha gaya.

vapas svarg gaman

menaka maharshi vishvamitr ko santusht dekhakar anubhav kar rahi thi ki indr dvara use nirdisht kary poornatah sampann ho gaya hai. vah manav ke asamarthy se simit, sukh-dukh snkul snsar men kyon bndhi rahe. usake lie devalok laut jane ka avasar a gaya tha, parantu martyalok men nivas karake tatha jivon ke saman apane sharir se santan prasav karake is lok ke shaririyon ki bhanti vah santan ke moh ka anubhav karane lagi thi. use ashnka thi ki devalok laut jane par bhi vah martyalok ke gun-svabhav-santan ke moh ka parichay pakar us akarshan ko sada anubhav karati rahegi. ek pratah sooryoday ke kuchh samay pashchath menaka maharshi ke samip baithi shishu-kanya ko divas ka pratham dugdhapan kara rahi thi. kanya ne santusht hokar mata ke stan se mukh pher liya aur samip baithe pita ki or dekha. vishvamitr ne shishu kanya ko apane hathon men le liya aur use hnsane-kilakane ke lie apani nasa usake sharir par chhula-chhula kar use gudagudane lage. jis samay vishvamitr shishu se krida men atmavismrit the, usi samay apsara menaka chupachap uth kar kutiya se bahar chali gayi aur phir nahin lauti.[1]

inhen bhi dekhen: vishvamitr, shakuntala evn dushynt


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 apsara ka shap (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 04 joon, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

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