मैत्रेयी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maitreyi (angrezi: Maitreyi) vaidik kal ki ek vidushi evn brahmavadini stri thin. ve mitr rishi ki kanya aur maharshi yagyvalky ki doosari patni thin.

yagyvalky dvara sampatti ka bntavara

maharshi yagyvalky ki do patniyan thin. pahali patni bharadvaj rishi ki putri katyayani aur doosari mitr rishi ki kanya maitreyi thi. yagyvalky us darshan ke prakhar pravakta the, jisane is snsar ko mithya svikarate hue bhi use poori tarah nakara nahin. unhonne vyavaharik dharatal par snsar ki satta ko svikar kiya. ek din yagyvalky ko laga ki ab unhen grihasth ashram chhodakar vanaprasth ke lie chale jana chahie. isalie unhonne donon patniyon ke samane apani snpatti ko barabar hisse men bantane ka prastav rakha. katyayani ne pati ka prastav svikar kar liya, par maitreyi behad shant svabhav ki thin. adhyayan, chintan aur shastrarth men unaki gahari dilachaspi thi. vah janati thin ki dhan-snpatti se atmgyan nahin kharida ja sakata. isalie unhonne pati ki snpatti lene se inkar karate hue kaha ki- "main bhi van men jaoongi aur apake sath milakar gyan aur amaratv ki khoj karoongi." is tarah katyayani ko rishi ki sari snpatti mil gee aur maitreyi apane pati ki vichar-snpada ki svamini ban gee.[1]

atmgyan ki prapti

brihadarany tatha upanishad men maitreyi ka apane pati ke sath bade rochak snvad ka ullekh milata hai. maitreyi ne yagyvalky se yah gyan grahan kiya ki hamen koee bhi snbndh isalie priy hota hai, kyonki usase kahin n kahin hamara svarth juda hota hai. maitreyi ne apane pati se yah jana ki atmgyan ke lie dhyanasth, samarpit aur ekagr hona kitana zaroori hai. yagyvalky ne unhen udaharan dete hue yah samajhaya ki jis tarah nagade ki avaj ke samane hamen koee doosari dhvani sunaee nahin deti. vaise hi atmgyan ke lie sabhi ichchhaon ka balidan zaroori hota hai.

yagyvalky ne maitreyi se kaha ki- "jaise sare jal ka ekamatr ashray samudr hai, usi tarah hamare sabhi snkalpon ka janm man men hota hai. jab tak ham jivit rahate hain, hamari ichchhaen bhi jivit rahati hain. mrityu ke bad hamari chetana ka ant ho jata hai aur ichchhaen bhi vahin samapt ho jati hain." yah sunakar maitreyi ne poochha ki- "kya mrityu hi antim saty hai? usake bad kuchh bhi nahin hota?" yah sunakar yagyvalky ne unhen samajhaya ki- "hamen apani atma ko pahachanane ki koshish karani chahie. sharir nashvar hai, par atma ajar-amar hai. yah n to janm leti hai aur n hi nasht hoti hai. atma ko pahachan lena amarata ko pa lene ke barabar hai. vairagy ka janm bhi anurag se hi hota hai. choonki moksh ka janm bhi bndhanon men se hi hota hai, isalie moksh ki prapti se pahale hamen jivan ke anubhavon se bhi gujarana padega." yah sab janane ke bad bhi maitreyi ki jigyasa shant nahin huee aur vah ajivan adhyayan-manan men lin rahin.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vidvata aur vimanramata ki pratimooti maitreyi (hindi) jagran.com. abhigaman tithi: 10 disambar, 2016.

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