शांता  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shanta (angrezi:Shanta) ayodhya ke raja dasharath ki putri evn bhagavan shriram ki badi bahan thi. yah shrringi rishi ko byahi gee thi. dasharath ke mitr raja romapad ne[1] shanta ko dasharath se poshy putrika ke roop men paya tha.[2]

raja romapad ki dattak putri

dakshin men 'valmiki ramayan', 'knban ramayan' aur 'ramacharit manas', 'adbhut ramayan', 'adhyatm ramayan' aur 'annd ramayan' ki charcha jyada hoti hai. ukt ramayan ka adhyayan karane par ramakatha se jude kee ne tathh‍yon ki janakari milati hai. isi tarah agar dakshin ki ramayan ki manen to bhagavan ram ki ek bahan bhi thin, jo unase badi thi. dakshin bharat ki ramayan ke anusar ram ki bahan ka nam shanta tha, jo charon bhaiyon se badi thin. shanta raja dasharath aur kaushalya ki putri thin, lekin paida hone ke kuchh varshon ke bad hi angadesh ke raja romapad ne niahshntan hone ke karan raja dasharath se unaki beti shanta ko dattak putri ke roop men god le liya tha.

kathaen

bhagavan ram ki badi bahan ka palan-poshan raja romapad aur unaki patni varshini ne kiya, jo maharani kaushalya ki bahan arthat ram ki mausi thin. is snbndh men tin kathaen hain-

  1. varshini ni:sntan thin tatha ek bar ayodhya men unhonne hnsi-hnsi men hi bachche ki mang ki. dasharath bhi man ge. raghukul ka diya gaya vachan nibhane ke lie shanta angadesh ki rajakumari ban geen. shanta ved, kala tatha shilp men parngat thin aur ve atyadhik sundar bhi thin.
  2. doosari lokakatha ke anusar shanta jab paida huee, tab ayodhh‍ya men akal pada aur 12 varshon tak dharati dhool-dhool ho gee. chintit raja ko salah di gee ki unaki putri shan‍ta hi akal ka karan hai. raja dasharath ne akal door karane ke lie apani putri shanta ko varshini ko dan kar diya. usake bad shan‍ta kabhi ayodhh‍ya nahin aee. kahate hain ki dasharath use ayodhya bulane se darate the, isalie ki kahin phir se akal nahin pad jae.
  3. kuchh log manate the ki raja dasharath ne shan‍ta ko sirph isalie god de diya tha, kh‍yonki vah ladaki hone ki vajah se unaki uth‍taradhikari nahin ban sakati thin.

vivah

shanta ka vivah maharshi vibhandak ke putr shrringi rishi se hua. ek din jab vibhandak nadi men snan kar rahe the, tab nadi men hi unaka viryapat ho gaya. us jal ko ek hirani ne pi liya tha, jisake phalasvaroop shrringi rishi ka janm hua. ek bar ek brahman apane kshetr men fasal ki paidavar ke lie madad karane ke lie raja romapad ke pas gaya, to raja ne usaki bat par dhh‍yan nahin diya. apane bhakt ki beijh‍jati par gush‍sae indr ne barish nahin hone di, jis vajah se sookha pad gaya. tab raja ne shrringi rishi ko ygy karane ke lie bulaya. ygy ke bad bhari varsha huee. janata itani khush huee ki angadesh men jashh‍n ka mahaul ban gaya. tabhi varshini aur romapad ne apani god li huee beti shan‍ta ka hath shrringi rishi ko dene ka phaisala kiya.

dasharath ka putrakameshthi ygy

raja dasharath aur inaki tinon raniyan is bat ko lekar chintit rahati thin ki putr nahin hone par uttaradhikari kaun hoga. inaki chinta door karane ke lie vashishth salah dete hain ki ap apane damad shrringi rishi se putreshthi ygy karavaen. isase putr ki prapti hogi. dasharath ne unake mntri sumnt ki salah par putrakameshthi ygy men mahanh rishiyon ko bulaya. is ygy men dasharath ne shrringi rishi ko bhi bulaya. shrringi rishi ek puny atma the tatha jahan ve panv rakhate the, vahan yash hota tha. sumnt ne shrringi ko mukhy ritvik banane ke lie kaha. dasharath ne ayojan karane ka adesh diya. pahale to shrringi rishi ne ygy karane se inkar kiya, lekin bad men shanta ke kahane par hi shrringi rishi raja dasharath ke lie putreshthi ygy karane ke lie taiyar hue. lekin dasharath ne keval shrringi rishi (unake damad) ko hi amntrit kiya, lekin shrringi rishi ne kaha ki main akela nahin a sakata. meri patni shanta ko bhi ana padega. shrringi rishi ki yah bat janakar raja dasharath vichar men pad ge, kyonki unake man men abhi tak dahashat thi ki kahin shanta ke ayodhya men ane se phir se akal nahin pad jae.

jab dasharath ne putr ki kamana se putrakameshthi ygy ke dauran apane damad shrringi rishi ko bulaya, to damad ne shan‍ta ke bina ane se inkar kar diya. tab putr kamana men atur dasharath ne sndesh bhijavaya ki shanta bhi a jae. shanta tatha shrringi rishi ayodhya pahunche. shanta ke pahunchate hi ayodhya men varsha hone lagi aur phool barasane lage. shanta ne dasharath ke charan sparsh kie. dasharath ne ashcharyachakit hokar poochha ki- "he devi, ap kaun hain? apake panv rakhate hi charon or vasnt chha gaya hai." jab mata-pita (dasharath aur kaushalya) vismit the ki vo kaun hai? tab shanta ne bataya ki- "vo unaki putri shanta hai." dasharath aur kaushalya yah janakar adhik prasann hue. varshon bad donon ne apani beti ko dekha tha. dasharath ne donon ko sasamman asan diya aur un donon ki pooja-arati ki. tab shrringi rishi ne putrakameshthi ygy kiya tatha isi se ram tatha shanta ke any bhaiyon ka janm hua.

kahate hain ki putreshthi ygy karane vale ka jivanabhar ka puny is ygy ki ahuti men nasht ho jata hai. is puny ke badale hi raja dasharath ko putron ki prapti huee. raja dasharath ne shrringi rishi ko ygy karavane ke badale bahut-sa dhan diya, jisase shrringi rishi ke putr aur kanya ka bharan-poshan hua aur ygy se prapt khir se ram, lakshman, bharat aur shatrughn ka janm hua. shrringi rishi phir se puny arjit karane ke lie van men jakar tapasya karane lage.

janata ke samaksh shanta ne kabhi bhi kisi ko nahin pata chalane diya ki vah dasharath aur kaushalya ki putri hain. yahi karan hai ki ramayan ya ramacharit manas men unaka khas ullekh nahin milata hai. aisa mana jata hai ki shrringi rishi aur shanta ka vnsh hi age chalakar sengar rajapoot bana. sengar rajapoot ko shrringivnshi rajapoot kaha jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ang desh ke raja
  2. bhag.9.23.7; vishnupuran 4.12.37.38

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