पंचाल महाजनपद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(पांचाल se punarnirdeshit)
panchal mahajanapad
Panchal Great Realm

panchal pauranik 16 mahajanapadon men se ek hai. pashchimi uttar pradesh ke bareli, badayoon aur pharrookhabad zilon se parivrit pradesh ka prachin nam hai. yah kanapur se varanasi ke bich ke gnga ke maidan men phaila hua tha. isaki bhi do shakhaen thin-

  • pahali shakha uttar panchal ki rajadhani ahichchhatr thi.
  • doosari shakha dakshin panchal ki rajadhani kanpily thi.


  • pandavon ki patni draupadi ko pnchal ki rajakumari hone ke karan panchali bhi kaha gaya.
  • kaningham ke anusar vartaman ruhelakhnd uttar pnchal aur doaba dakshin pnchal tha.
  • panchal vartaman ruhelakhnd ka prachin nam tha. isaka yah nam raja haryashv ke panch putron ke karan pada tha.[1]
  • snhitopanishad brahman men pnchal ke prachy pnchal bhag (poorvi bhag) ka bhi ullekh hai. shatapath brahman[2] men pnchal ki parivaka ya parichaka namak nagari ka ullekh hai jo vebar ke anusar mahabharat ki ekachaka hai.

shri ray chaudhari ka mat hai ki pnchal panch prachin kulon ka samoohik nam tha. ve ye the—

  • kivi,
  • keshi,
  • srinjay,
  • turvasas,
  • somak.

grnthon men ullekh

brahmapuran[3] tatha matsy puran[4] men inhen mudagal srinjay, brihadishu, yavinar aur krimilashv kaha gaya hai. pnchalon aur kuru janapadon men paraspar ladaee-jhagade chalate rahate the. mahabharat ke adiparv se gyat hota hai ki pandavon ke guru dronachary ne arjun ki sahayata se pnchalaraj drupad ko harakar usake pas keval dakshin pnchal (jisaki rajadhani kanpily thi) rahane diya aur uttar pnchal ko hastagat kar liya tha [5]
ki dronachary ne parast hone par kaid men dale hue pnchal raj drupad se kaha—‘mainne rajy prapti ke lie tumhare sath yuddh kiya hai. ab gnga ke uttaratatavarti pradesh ka main, aur dakshin tat ke tum raja honge’. is prakar mahabharat-kal men pnchal, gnga ke uttari aur dakshin donon taton par basa hua tha. drupad pahale ahichchhatr ya chhatravati nagari men rahate the[6]. inhen jitane ke lie dron ne kauravon aur pandavon ko pnchal bheja tha[7]

draupadi ka svaynvar

mahabharat adiparv men varnit draupadi ka svaynvar kanpily men hua tha. dakshin pnchal ki sima gnga nadi ke dakshini tat se lekar chambal nadi ya charmanvati nadi tak thi[8]. vishnu puran[9] men kuru-panchalon ko madhyadeshiy kaha gaya hai[10]. pnchal nivasiyon ko bhimasen ne apani poorv desh ki digvijay-yatra men anek prakar se samajha-bujha kar vash men kar liya tha[11].


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pauranik kosh |lekhak: rana prasad sharma |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 557, parishisht 'k' |
  2. shatapath brahman 13,5,4,7
  3. brahmapuran 13,94
  4. matsy puran 50,3
  5. ‘at: prayatitn rajye ygysen tvaya sah, rajasi dakshine koole bhagirathyahamuttare’, mahabharat adiparv 165,24
  6. ‘parshato drupado namachchhatravatyan nareshvar’ mahabharat adiparv 165,21
  7. ‘dhartarashtraishch sahita pnchalan pandava yayu:’
  8. ‘soaghyavasadh dinamana: kanpily ch purottamamh dakshinanshchapi pnchalanh yavachcharmanvata nadi’,mahabharat adiparv 137,76
  9. vishnu puran 2,3,15
  10. ‘tasvime kurupanchala madhyadeshadayojana:’
  11. ‘sagatva narashardool: pnchalanan purn mahath pnchalanh vividhopaye: santvayamas pandav:', mahabharat sabhaparv 29,3-4

snbndhit lekh

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