मत्स्य पुराण  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

matsy puran, gitapres gorakhapur ka avaran prishth

vaishnav sampraday se sambandhit 'matsy puran' vrat, parv, tirth, dan, rajadharm aur vastu kala ki drishti se ek atyant mahattvapoorn puran hai. is puran ki shlok snkhya chaudah hazar hai. ise do sau ikyanave adhyayon men vibhajit kiya gaya hai. is puran ke pratham adhyay men 'matsyavatar' ke katha hai. usi katha ke adhar par isaka yah nam pada hai. prarambh men pralay kal men poorv ek chhoti machhali manu maharaj ki anjali men a jati hai. ve daya karake use apane kamandal men dal lete hain. kintu vah machhali shanai:-shanaishh apana akar badhati jati hai. sarovar aur nadi bhi usake lie chhoti pad jati hai. tab manu use sagar men chhod dete hain aur usase poochhate hain ki vah kaun hai?

pralay kal

matsy avatar
Matsya Avatar

bhagavan matsy manu ko batate hain ki pralay kal men mere sing men apani nauka ko bandhakar surakshit le jana aur srishti ki rachana karana. ve bhagavan ke 'matsy avatar' ko pahachan kar unaki stuti karate hain. manu pralay kal men matsy bhagavan dvara apani suraksha karate hain. phir brahma dvara manasi srishti hoti hai. kintu apani us srishti ka koee parinam n dekhakar daksh prajapati maithuni-srishti se srishti ka vikas karate hain.

vnsh

isake uparant 'matsy puran' men manvantar, soory vnsh, chndr vnsh, yadu vnsh, kroshtu vnsh, puroo vnsh, kuru vnsh aur agni vnsh adi ka varnan hai. phir rishi-muniyon ke vnshon ka ullekh kiya gaya hai. inhen bhi dekhen: sooryavnsh vriksh evn chandr vnsh vriksh

rajadharm aur rajaniti

is puran men 'rajadharm' aur 'rajaniti' ka atyant shreshth varnan hai. is drishti se 'matsy puran' kafi mahattvapoorn hai. prachin kal men raja ka vishesh mahattv hota tha. isilie usaki suraksha ka bahut dhyan rakhana padata tha. kyonki raja ki suraksha se hi rajy ki suraksha aur shrivriddhi sambhav ho pati thi. is drishti se is puran men bahut vyavaharik gyan diya gaya hai. 'matsy puran' kahata hai ki raja ko apani suraksha ki drishti se atyant shnkalu tatha satark rahana chahie. bina parikshan kie vah bhojan kadapi n kare. shayya par jane se poorv achchhi prakar se dekh le ki usamen koee vishadhar adi to nahin chhoda gaya hai. use kabhi bhid ya jalashay men akele pravesh nahin karana chahie. anajan ashv ya hathi par nahin chadhana chahie. kisi anajan stri se sambandh nahin banane chahie.

durg

is puran men chhah prakar ke durgon- dhanu durg, mahi durg, nar durg, varksh durg, jal durg au giri durg ke nirman ki bat kahi gee hai. apatakal ke lie usamen sena aur praja ke lie bharapoor khady samagri, astr-shastr evn aushadhiyon ka sngrah karake rakhana chahie. us kal men bhi rajy ka jivan aram ka nahin hota tha. raja ko har samay kak drishti se satark rahana padata tha. isilie use vishvasaniy karmachariyon ka chayan karana padata tha. unase madhur vyavahar banana padata tha.

tatha ch madhurabhashi bhavetkokilavannrip:.

kakashnki bhavennityamgyatavasatin vaseth॥ (matsy puran 2/96/71)

arthath raja ko koyal ke saman madhur vachan bolane vala hona chahie. jo pur ya basti agyat hai, usamen use nivas karana chahie. use sadaiv kaue ke saman shnkayukt rahana chahie. bhav yahi hai ki raja ko ekaek kisi par bhi vishvas nahin karana chahie. use sadaiv apani praja ka vishvas aur samarthan prapt karate rahana chahie. guptacharon dvara rajy ki gatividhiyon ka pata lagate rahana chahie.

shrivriddhi tatha samriddhi

'matsy puran' men purusharth par vishesh bal diya gaya hai. jo vyakti alasi hota hai aur karm nahin karata, vah bhookhon marata hai. bhagy ke bharose baithe rahane vala vyakti kabhi bhi jivan men saphal nahin ho sakata. shrivriddhi tatha samriddhi usase sadaiv roothi rahati hai.

sthapaty kala

is puran men 'sthapaty kala' ka bhi sundar vivechan kiya gaya hai. isamen us kal ke atharah vastushilpiyon ke nam tak die ge hain. jinamen vishvakarma aur may danav ka nam vishesh roop se ullekhaniy hai. isamen bataya gaya hai ki sabase uttam grih vah hota hai, jisamen charon or daravaze aur dalan hote hain. use 'sarvatobhadr' nam diya gaya hai. devalay aur rajanivas ke lie aisa hi bhavan prashast mana jata hai. isi prakar 'nandyavartt', 'varddhaman' , 'svastik' tatha 'roochak' namak bhavanon ka ullekh bhi kiya gaya hai. raja ke nivas grih panch prakar ke batae ge hain. sarvottam grih ki lambaee ek sau sath hath (54 gaj) hoti hai.

prakritik shobha

narmada nadi
Narmada River

us kal men aj ki bhanti ne ghar men pravesh hetu shubh muhoortto ki ganana par poora vichar kiya jata tha. tabhi lok grih pravesh karate the. 'matsy puran' men prakritik shobha ka bada hi sundar varnan kiya gaya hai. himalay parvat, kailash parvat, narmada evn varanasi ke shobha-varnan men bhasha aur bhav ka ati sundar snyog hua hai-

tapastisharann shailn kaminamatidurlabhamh.

mrigairyathanucharitandanti bhinnamahadrumamh॥ (matsy puran 1/51/12)

arthath yah himalay parvat tapasviyon ki poornataya raksha karane vala hai. yah kam-bhavana rakhane valon ke lie atyant durlabh hai. yah hathiyon ke saman mahanh aur vishal vrikshon se yukt hai. mrigon ki bhanti anucharit hai arthath jis prakar mrigon ke saundary ka varnan nahin kiya ja sakata, usaki prakar himalay ki shobha ka bhi varnan karana bada kathin hai.

savitri satyavan

is puran ka sabase mahattvapoorn akhyan 'savitri satyavan' ki katha hai. pativrata striyon men savitri ki ganana sarvopari ki jati hai. savitri apani lagan, dooradrishti, buddhimatta aur patiprem ke karan apane mrit pati ko yamaraj ke pash se bhi chhuda lane men saphal ho jati hai.

shakun-apashakun

isake atirikt 'matsy puran' men devi aur vishnu ki upasana, varanasi evn narmada nadi ka mahatmy, mngal-amngal soochak shakun, svapn vichar, ang phadakane ka sambhavit phal; vrat, tirth aur dan ki mahima adi ka varnan anekanek lokopayogi akhyanon ke madhyam se kiya gaya hai.

virat roop

nrisinh avatar
Narsingh Avatar

'nrisinh avatar' ki katha, bhakt prahlad ko vishnu ke virat roop ka darshan tatha devasur sngram men donon or ke viron ka varnan puranakar ki kalpana ka sundar parichay deta hai. is puran ka kavy tattv bhi ati sundar hai. varnan shaili atyant sahaj hai. anek sthalon par shabd vynjana ka saundary dekhate hi banata hai.

ayurved chikitsa

is puran ki ek visheshata aur bhi hai. puranakar ko ayurved chikitsa ka achchha gyan prapt tha, aisa pratit hota hai. kyonki isamen aushadhiyon aur jadi-bootiyon ki ek lambi soochi di gee hai. sath hi sath yah bhi bataya gaya hai ki kaun-si dava kis vyadhi ke kam ati hai. isaka varnan vistar ke sath is puran men kiya gaya hai.

moortiyon ke nirman

devataon ki moortiyon ke nirman ki poori prakiya aur unake akar-prakar ka poora byora 'matsy puran' men upalabdh hota hai. pratyek devata ki moorti ke alag-alag lakshan batae ge hain. sath hi unake vishesh chihnon ka vivaran bhi diya gaya hai. ek jagah to yahan tak kaha gaya hai ki moorti ki kati atharah angul se adhik nahin honi chahie. stri-moorti ki kati baees angul tatha donon stanon ki map barah-barah angul honi chahie. isi prakar sharir ke pratyek bhag ki map badi bariki se prastut ki gee hai. isase puranakar ki sookshm parakh aur kalatmak drishti ka pata chalata hai. vastut: kala, dharm, rajaniti, dan-puny, sthapaty, shilp aur kavy-saundary ki drishti se yah ek uttam puran hai.

snbndhit lekh

shrutiyan

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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