हिरण्यकेशी श्रौतसूत्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

krishnayajurved shrautasootron ke madhy isaka sthan apastamb ke anantar hai. 'vaijayanti' kar mahadev dikshit ne isake rachayita ko namakaran ke yatharth anuroop batalate hue sootragranth ko nigoodh bhavon aur acharchit vidhiyon se yukt kaha hai– 'ativ goodharth mananyadarshitn nyayaishch yuktn rachayannasau pun:. hiranyakeshiti yatharth namabhag bhoodvarattusht munindrasammatath..' bhashy ke upodghatagat ek any pady men satyashadh ko bhagavan vishnu ka avatar mana gaya hai– 'shrimadh bhagavato vishnoravataren sootritamh. satyashadhen .........' vyakhyakar mahadev ne ye soochana bhi ankit ki hai ki unake samay men hi yah sootr luptapray tha aur kahin–kahin hi upalabdh tha. dakshin men tamraparni nadi ke tatiy kshetron men isaka vishesh prachar tha–

luptaprayamidn sootrn daivadasith kvachith kvachith.
dakshinasyan tamraparnyastireshvidamahritamh..

rachayita

taittiriy shakha ke hi antargat hiranyakeshi upashakha hai, jo sootr–bhed par nirbhar hai, snhita–bhed par nahin. hiranyakeshi achary ko satyavalamban ke karan apane pita se satyashadh nam mila tha. vahi is sootr ke praneta mane jate hain. sampoorn hiranyakeshi kalp men mahadev ke anusar sattaees prashn hain, jinamen se do (19–20) grihyasootr, ek (25van) shulbasootr, do dharmasootr (26–27) mane jate hain. is prakar shrautasootr ki vyapti kul 22 prashnon men hai tatha prashnon ka avantar vibhajan patalon men hai. isaki vishay–vastu is prakar hai–

  • prashn 1 v 2– paribhasha poorvak,
  • prashn 3– agnyadhey, agnihotr aur agrayan,
  • prashn 4– niroodh pashubandh,
  • prashn 5– chaturmasy,
  • prashn 6– yajaman ki samany aur vishesh vidhi,
  • prashn 7 se 10– jyotishtom,
  • prashn 11 v 12– agnichayan,
  • prashn 13– vajapey, rajasooy tatha charak sautramani,
  • prashn 14– ashvamedh, purushamedh, sarvamedh,
  • prashn 15– prayashchitt,
  • prashn 16– dvadashah, gavamayan (mahavrat sahit),
  • prashn 17– ayan, ekah, ahin,
  • prashn 18– satrayag,
  • prashn 19 se 21– hotr, pravar,
  • prashn 22– kameshtiyan tatha kamyapashuyag,
  • prashn 23– sautramani (kaukili), sav, kathak chayan,
  • prashn 24– pravargy.

bharadvaj aur apastamb shrautasootron ka is par bahut prabhav hai. pitrimedh sootr to sampoorn roop se hi bharadvaj ka le liya gaya hai, jaisa ki mahadev ji ka kathan hai– 'pitrimedhastu bharadvajiyo munina parigrihitau dvau prashnau.'

rachana–shaili

yadyapi isaki rachana–shaili bahut hi vyavasthit hai, tathapi shraut karmon ke madhy grihyasootron ka samavesh kuchh atapata–sa lagata hai. is sandarbh men keval itana hi kaha ja sakata hai ki 18ven prashn tak satrant adhikansh shrautayag niroopit hain. yahi sthiti pravargy ki bhi hai, jo bilkul ant men rakha gaya hai. 21ven prashn men hautrasootron ke roop men bhi apastamb shrautasootr ke hautr parishisht ki hi pun: prastuti hai. anek sthalon par satyashadh shrautasootr men maitrayani aur kathak snhitaon se bhi mantr grihit hain. ashvamedhiy prakaran men ashv rakshakon ko apane bhojan adi ke lie ashvamedh prakriya se anabhigy brahmanon ko lootane ka nirdesh vichitr pratit hota hai.[1]

bhasha–shaili

satyashadh shrautasootr ki bhasha–shaili men saralata aur spashtata hai. sootr–rachana men prasng ke anuroop laghuvakyata tatha dirghavakyata dekhi ja sakati hai. udaharan ke lie brahman granthon ke pratipady se sambaddh ye sootr drashtavy hain:–

'mantrabrahmanayorved namadheyamh,
karmavidhann brahmanani, tachchheshoarthavad:, ninda–prashnsa,
parakriti: purakalpashch'[2]

vyakhyaen

is shrautasootr par bahusnkhyak vyakhyaen hain, kintu durbhagy se sabhi apoorn hain. pratham chhah prashnon tatha 21ven prashn par mahadev dikshitakrit 'vaijayanti' namni suprasiddh vyakhya milati hai, jisaka vistrit upodghat vishesh roop se ullekhaniy hai. shrautasootr ki yah vishad vyakhya use samajhane men vastav men sarvadhik sahayak hai. 7–10 prashnon par gopinath dikshit ne 'jyotsana' vyakhya likhi hai. mahadev shastri (20vin shati) ki prayog–chandrika 11–25 prashnon par hai. pratham 10 prashnon tatha 24ven prashn par ho. k. vacheshvar sudhi ki vyakhya upalabdh hai. mahadev somayaji ne is sootr ke anusar shrautasootron ki bahusnkhyak paddhati rachi hain. 'prayogaratnamala' bhi is sandarbh men ullekhaniy hai. satyashadh shrautasootr ka anandashram poona se keval ek snskaran hi sanh 1907 men prakashit hua hai, jisaka sampadan kashinath shastri agashe ne kiya hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. satyashadh shrautasootr 14.1.47
  2. satyashadh shrautasootr 1.1

snbndhit lekh

shrutiyan

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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