आपस्तम्ब श्रौतसूत्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

taittiriy shakha ka yah tritiy shrautasootr hai. vastav men achary apastamb ne sampoorn kalpasootr ki rachana ki hai. isaki vishay–vastu nimnalikhit prakar se hai:–

prashn vishay
1–4. darshapoornamas
5. agnyadhey
6. agnihotr
7. niroodh pashubandh
8. chaturmasyayag
9. prayashchitt
10–13. agnishtom
14. jyotishtomantargat any kratu
15. pravargy
16–17. agnichayan
18. vajapey aur rajasooy
19. sautramani, kathakachayan, kamyapashu, kamyeshti.
20. ashvamedh, purushamedh tatha sarvamedh.
21. dvadashah, gavamayan tatha utsarginamayan.
22. ekah aur ahin yag
23. satrayag
24. paribhasha, pravar, hautrak.
25–26. grihyasootragat mantrapath
27. grihyasetr
28–29. dharmasootr
30. shulbasootr.

is prakar shrautasootr ki vyapti 24ven prashn tak mani jani chahie.

bharadvaj ki apastamb sootr se tulana

upalabdh bharadvaj shrautasootr ki apastamb sootr se tulana karane par spasht hota hai ki donon ke vishay–kram men bahut samy hai. bharadvaj ke shashth prashn men pahale agnyupasthan aur tatpashchath agnahotr vidhi hai. apastamb men isake viparit pahale agnihotr vidhi aur tadantar agnyuvasthan hai. apastamb ke prayashchitt prashn men agnihotr, ishti aur pashu inase sambaddh prayashchitt hain. bharadvaj men pashu sambandhi prayashchitt nahin hain. bharadvaj ne poore jyotishtom ki vidhi snhat ya snkalit roop men di hai. apastamb ne agnishtom ki vidhi dekar tatpashchath ukthy adi vikriti yagon ki visheshataen bataeen hain. apastamb men pravargy vidhi svatantr prashn ke antargat jyotishtom ke anantar di gee hai. bharadvaj men bhi pravargy ke lie svatantr prashn hai, kintu vah jyotishtom ke antargat hai. bharadvaj ne sootr men pahale vidhynsh aur tatpashchat mantr diya hai. apastamb ka kram isake viparit hai. bharadvaj ke hi sadrish apastamb ne bhi apani vidhi ke samarthan men taittiriy brahman, aur kabhi–kabhi any shakhiy brahmanon ke bhi uddharan die hain. bhinn maton ke bhi uddharan hain. aise uddharanon ke sath ‘vigyayate’ shabd ka prayog prachur pariman men hai. 'ityuktamh', 'shrooyate', 'eke', 'aparamh' sadrish shabd bhi ate hain. apastamb ne kuchh 'kathaka:', 'kaushitakin:', 'chhandogabrahmanamh', 'tandakamh' prabhriti vaky upalabdh brahmanon se die hain, to kuchh brahman vaky samprati upalabdh brahmanon men nahin milate. kankati, kalabavi, paingayani prabhriti brahman granth aise hi hain, jo aj anupalabdh hain.

bhasha–shaili

bharadvaj aur apastamb ki bhasha–shaili men bahut samy hai. vishayon ki samantarata ke sath hi sootr–rachana men bhi samanata hai. jab kahin samany niyam ki bat hoti hai, to sootrakar 'tatraishoatyantapradesh:' kahate hain. apastamb sootr–rachana ke samay sootrakar ke sammukh taittiriy shakha ka sarasvat path pratishthit roop men tha. 'apastamb hautraprashn' namak ek prakaran satyashadh–hiranyakeshi sootr ke 21ven prashn ke poorv (anandashram, pune) snskrit tika ke sath chhapa gaya hai. yah apastamb sootr ka parishisht pratit hota hai. apastamb taittiriy snhita ke mantr pratik roop men lete hain, jabaki taittiriy brahman ke mantron ka sakal path dete hain. apastamb ne maitrayani arthath manav shrautasootr se kuchh adan kiya hai, yadyapi usamen is shakha ka sakshath nirdesh nahin hai. apastamb sootr–rachana men taittiriy shakha ki parampara sabase achchhi tarah pradarshit karate hain. isi ke sath kalagati se vaidik karmakand men jo parivartan hue aur samip vartini shakhaon se jo adan–pradan hue, unaka achchha pratibimb apastamb sootr men sulabh hai. taittiriy brahman ki bhasha–shaili ka prabhav sootr ki bhasha–shaili par padana svabhavik hi tha. parinamat: vaidik bhasha ke anek shabdon ka prayog apastamb sootr men milata hai. sootrakar ke kal men vyavahrit prakrit bhasha ka bhi us par prabhav hai. apastamb sootr men anek prakrit shabd is karan mil jate hain; satyashadh sootr se bhi vishay–kram, karmakand aur rachana ki drishti se apastamb ki bahut samanata hai. anek sthalon par satyashadh ka svaroop apastamb ke saman hai. apastamb shrautasootr ke sampadak daau. garbe ne apani prastavana[1] men likha hai ki apastamb sootr men samay samay par bich–bich men sootr jode ge hain. daau. garbe ka yah mat svikary nahin hai. mainne isaka khandan kiya hai.[2]

rachana–kal

apastamb shrautasootr par dhoortasvami ka adhoora bhashy prakashit hua hai. is par kaushik ramagnichith ki vritti hai. prashn 1–15 par rudradatt ka bhashy bhi mudrit hai. rudradatt ne kuchh sthalon par dhoortasvami se apana matabhed vyakt kiya hai. 14vin shatabdi ke chaundapachary ne apastamb shrautasootr ke kuchh prashnon par tika likhi hai, jo abhi tak aprakashit hai. shrautayagon par apastambanusari prayog bhi rache ge the, jinaka upayog ritviggan karmanushthan men karate hain. aisa hi ek darshapoornamaseshti prayog anandashram (pune) se prakashit hua hai. rachana–kal ki drishti se apastamb sootr ka pranayan ee. poorv 5vin shati men mana ja sakata hai kyonki vah bharadvaj shrautasootr (ee. poorv 550) se paravarti hai.

apastamb sootr men maitrayani ke sath vajasaney shakha ke sambandh vishayak praman milate hain. vajasaney shakha ka prachar poorvi uttar pradesh tatha bihar men raha hai. isase siddh hota hai ki bharadvaj sootr ki prachar bhoomi ki poorv disha men apastamb ka prachar tha. kalantar se samajik–rajanitik paristhitiyonvash krishn yajurvediy taittiriy shakha ke anuyayi dakshin ke andhr, karnatak aur tamilanadu men chale ge. aj bhi ye hi pradesh unake nivas–sthan hain.

apastamb shrautasootr ke snskaran

  • apastamb shrautasootr, sn. richard garbe, dvitiy snskaran, khand 1–3. munshiram manoharalal, dilli se 14983 men prakashit.
  • vilhelm kaland ka jarman men anuvad ‘‘shrautasootr des apastamb’’ (tin khand) gatinjanh tatha emsatardam se kramash: 1821, 1824 tatha 1828 ee. men prakashit.
  • apastamb shrautasootr (dhoortasvamibhashy aur ramagnichith ki vritti sahit), 1–10 prashnant bhag, g. ori. laibreri maisoor se prakashit.
  • dhoortasvamibhashy ke sath gayakavad siriz men badauda se do bhagon men prakashit, sn. chinnasvamishastri.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. khand 3, prastavana prishth 23–25
  2. drashtavy: chin. g. kashikar, sootraz aauph bharadvaj, upodghat tatha sarve aauph di shrautasootraz, prishth 34–37.

snbndhit lekh

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