शारीरिकोपनिषद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

krishn yajurved se sambandhit yah upanishad srishti-prakriya ka vishad varnan karata hai. sharir men vidyaman pnchatattvon ka isamen parichay diya gaya hai tatha sharir sthit sabhi indriyon se parichit karaya gaya hai. sharir men ant:karan ke char bindu kahan par sthit hain tatha anekanek tattvon ka vivechan bhi is upanishad men kiya gaya hai. 'tattvabodh' ki drishti se is upanishad ka vishesh mahattv hai. isamen kul bis mantr hain.

pnchamahabhooton ka samuchchay

hamara yah sharir panch mahabhooton- prithvi, jal, agni, vayu aur akash ka santulit samuchchay hai. inaka santulit mishran hi sharir ka akar grahan karata hai. isamen chhatha tattv 'pran' hai, jisase yah jivant ho uthata hai. sharir ka thos padarth prithivitattv hai, dravy padarth-jalatattv hai, ushma- agnitattv hai, satat gatishil- vayutattv hai aur chhidrayukt khali sthan- akashatattv hai. ye panchon tattv 'pran' dvara hi sakriy ho pate hain. usase poorv sharir ka koee mahattv nahin hai.

panch gyanendriyan

ankh, kan, nak, tvacha aur jihva panch gyanendriyan hain, jinaka snchalan 'man' ke dvara hota hai.

panch karmondriyan

vani, hath, pair, guda aur upasth (jananendriy) panch hi karmendiyan hain. inaka snchalan bhi 'man' dvara hota hai.

char ant:karan bindu

'man,' 'buddhi, 'chitt' (hriday) aur 'ahnkar, 'ye char ant:karan bindu kahe gaye hain. man ke dvara snkalp-vikalp kiya jata hai. buddhi dvara nishchay kiya jata hai, chitt dvara avadharana aur ahnkar dvara abhiman prakat kiya jata hai. man ka sthan gale ka oopari bhag, buddhi ka sthan mukh, chitt ka sthan nabhi aur ahnkar ka sthan hriday hai.

pnchamahabhooton ke ansh aur gun

  1. asti, tvacha, nadi, rom koop tatha mans prithvi tattv ke ansh aur shabd, sparsh, roop, ras aur gandh gun hain.
  2. mootr, kaph, rakt, shukranu tatha shved (pasina) jal tattv ke ansh hain aur shabd, sparsh, roop aur ras gun hain.
  3. kshudha (bhookh), pipasa (pyas), alasy, moh aur maithun agni tattv ke ansh hain aur shabd, sparsh aur roop, ye tin gun hain.
  4. phailana, daudana, gati, udana, palakon adi ka snchalan vayu tattv ke ansh hain aur shabd tatha sparsh gun hain.
  5. kam, krodh, lobh, moh aur bhay adi akash tattv ke ansh hain aur 'shabd' ekamatr gun hai.

tin gun kaun se hain?

'satvik', 'rajasik' tatha 'tamasik' tin gun hain.

  • 'satvik' gunon men, ahinsa, saty, astey (chori n karana), brahmachary, aparigrah, krodh n karana, guru ki seva, shuchita, santosh, saralata, snvedana, dambh n karana, astikata adi gun ate hain.
  • 'rajasik' gunon men, bhog-vilas ki pravritti, shakti-mad, vani-mad, vaibhav-lalasa adi gun ate hain.
  • 'tamasik' gunon men, nidra, alasy, moh, asakti, maithun, chori karana, hinsa karana, satana adi karm ate hain.

sarvashreshth gun 'satvik' hi mane gaye hain. 'brahmgyan' satvik mana jata hai. 'dharmgyan' rajasik pravritti mani jati hai aur 'agyan' tamasi pravritti ka dyotam hai.

char avasthaen

  1. 'jagrat', 'svapn','sushupti' aur 'turiy'- ye char avasthaen hain.
  2. 'jagrat' avastha men gyanendriy, karmendriy tatha char ant:karan milakar chaudah karan (sakriy) rahate hain.
  3. 'svapnavastha' men char ant:karan snyukt roop se sakriy rahate hain.
  4. 'sushupti' avastha men keval chit hi sakriy rahata hai.
  • 'turiyavastha' men keval jivatma sakriy rahata hai.

sookshm sharir kya hai?

gyanendriy, karmendiy, panch pran, man tatha buddhi, in satrah ka 'sookshm svaroop ling sharir' kaha gaya hai.

ath vikar kya hain?

man, buddhi, ahnkar, akash, vayu, agni, jal aur prithvi, ye ath prakriti ke vikar kahe gaye hain.

any vikar kaun se hain?

uparyukt ath vikaron ke atirikt pandrah any vikaron men –kan, tvacha, ankh, jihva, nak, guda, upasth (jananendriy), hath, pair, vani, shabd, sparsh, roop, ras aur gandh adi hain. inake sath uparyukt ath vikaron ko milane se ye teees tattv ho jate hain. inase alag avyakt tattv 'prakriti' ka hai. usase bhi alag tattv 'purush' (brahm) ka hai. is prakar sabhi pachchis tattvon ka yog ho jata hai. in pachchis tattvon ke yog se hi samast brahmand ki rachana huee hai.

snbndhit lekh

shrutiyan


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