भिक्षुकोपनिषद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shukl yajurvediy is upanishad men atm-kalyan aur lok-kalyan hetu bhiksha dvara jivan-yapan karane vale sannyasiyon ka snkshep men varnan kiya gaya hai. is upanishad men kul panch mantr hain. is upanishad men bataya gaya hai ki moksh ki kamana rakhane vale bhikshuon ki char shreniyan hoti hain-'kutichak, bahoodak, hns aur paramahns.'

kutichakr

bhikshu gautam, bharadvaj, yagyvalky aur vasishth adi ke saman ath gras bhojan lekar yogamarg se moksh ke lie prayatn karate hain. isamen matr sharir ki raksha ke lie nyoonatak bhojan grahan karane ka vidhan hai.

bahoodak

bhikshu tridand, kamandalu, shikha, ygyopavit aur kashay vastr dharan karate hain. madhu-mans adi ka poornat: tyag karate hain. kisi sadachari vyakti ke ghar se bhiksha dvara ath gras bhojan grahan karake yogamarg dvara moksh ki prapti ke lie prayatnashil hote hain.

hns

bhikshu kisi ganv men ek ratri, nagar men panch ratri, tirthakshetr men sat ratri se adhik nivas nahin karate. ve gomootr aur gobar ka ahar grahan karate hue nity chandrayan vrat ka palan karake yogamarg se moksh ki khoj karate hain.

paramahns

bhikshu snvartak, aruni, shvetaketu, jadabharat, dattatrey, shukadev, vamadev aur haritak adi ki bhanti ath gras bhojan grahan karake yogamarg men vicharan karate hue moksh-prapti ke lie prayatnashil rahate hain. inaka nivas kisi vriksh ke niche, kisi shoony grih men ya phir shmashan men hota hai. unake lie 'dvait bhav' ka koee abhimat nahin hota. mitti aur sone men koee bhed nahin hota. ve sabhi varnon men saman bhav se bhikshavritti karate hain aur sabhi jivon men apani 'atma' ke darshan karate hain. ve shuddh man se paramahns vritti ka palan karate hue sharir ka tyag karate hain.


snbndhit lekh

shrutiyan


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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