ईशावास्योपनिषद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hastalikhit grnth, eeshavasyopanishad

yah shukl yajurved ka chalisavan adhyay hai, jise 'eeshavasyopanishad' kaha gaya hai. upanishad shrinkhala men ise pratham sthan prapt hai. is upanishad men eeshvar ke gunon ka varnan hai, adharm tyag ka upadesh hai. is upanishad men keval 18 mntr hain, jinhen vedant ka nichod manane men kisi prakar ka matabhed nahin hai. is upanishad ka tatpary gyan ke dvara moksh ki prapti hai. sabhi kalon men satkarmon ko karane ki avashyakata par bal diya gaya hai. parameshvar ke atisookshm svaroop ka varnan is upanishad men diya gaya hai. sabhi praniyon men atma ko paramatma ka ansh janakar ahinsa ki shiksha di gayi hai. samadhi dvara parameshvar ko apane ant:karan men janane aur sharir ki nashvarata ka ullekh kiya gaya hai. is upanishad ke arnbh men yah vaky ata hai- 'eeshavasyamidn sarvamh‌' aur isi ady pad ke karan yah 'eeshopanishad' athava 'eeshavasyopanishad' ke nam se bhi vikhyat hai.[1]

  • pratham mantr men hi jivan aur jagath ko eeshvar ka avas kaha gaya hai. 'yah kisaka dhan hai?' prashn dvara rishi ne manushy ko sabhi sampadaon ke ahnkar ka tyag karane ka sootr diya hai. isase age lambi ayu, bandhanamukt karm, anushasan aur sharir ke nashvar hone ka bodh karaya gaya hai.

yahan jo kuchh hai, paramatma ka hai, yahan jo kuchh bhi hai, sab eeshvar ka hai. hamara yahan kuchh nahin hai-

Om eeshavasyamidamh sarvn yatkinch jagatyan jagat.
tenatyekten bhunjitha ma gridh: kasy sviddhanam॥1॥[2]
  • yahan is jagath men sau varsh tak karm karate hue jine ki ichchha karani chahie-

kurvanneveh karmani jijivishechchhathn sama:.
evn tvayi nanyathetoasti n karm lipyate nare॥2॥[3]

  • avichal paramatma ek hi hai. vah man se bhi adhik vegavan hai. vah door bhi hai aur nikat bhi hai. vah jad-chetan sabhi men sookshm roop men sthit hai. jo aisa manata hai, vah kabhi bhramit nahin hota. vah shok-moh se door ho jata hai.
  • paramatma sarvavyapi hai. vah paramatma deh-rahit, snayu-rahit aur chhidr-rahit hai. vah shuddh aur nishpap hai. vah sarvajayi hai aur svayn hi apane apako vividh roopon men abhivyakt karata hai. gyan ke dvara hi use jana ja sakata hai. mrityu-bhay se mukti pakar upayukt nirman kala se mukti prapt ki ja sakati hai. us paramatma ka mukh sone ke chamakadar patr se dhaka hua hai-
hiranmayen patren satyasyapihitn mukhamh.
tattvn pooshannapatrinu satyadharmay drishtaye॥15॥[4]

isaka arth yahi hai ki parabrahm sooryamandal ke madhy sthit hai, kintu usaki atyant prakhar kiranon ke tej se hamari ye bhautik ankhen use nahin dekh patin. jo paramatma vahan sthit hai, vahi mere bhitar vidyaman hai. main dhyan dvara hi use dekh pata hoon. he agne! he vishv ke adhishthata! ap karm-margon ke shreshth gyata hain. ap hamen pap karmon se bachayen aur hamen divy drishti pradan karen. yahi ham bar-bar naman karate hain. eeshavasy upanishad men snbhooti tatha asnbhooti, vidya tatha avidya ke paraspar bhed ka hi spasht nidarshan hai. ant men adityajagat purush ke sath atma ki ekata pratipadit kar karmi aur upasak ko snsar ke du:khon se kaise moksh prapt hota hai, isaka bhi nirdesh kiya gaya hai. phalat: laghukay hone par bhi yah upanishad apani navin drishti ke karan upanishadon men nitant mahaniy mana gaya hai.[5]



tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 2 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 39 |
  2. arthath is srishti men jo kuchh bhi jad-chetana hai, vah sab eeshvar ka hi hai, usi ke adhikar men hai. keval usake dvara saunpe gaye ka hi upayog karo, adhik ka lalach mat karo; kyonki 'yah dhan kisaka hai?' arthath kisi ka nahin, keval eeshvar ka hai.
  3. arthath yahan eeshvar ke dvara anushasit jagath men karm karate hue sau varsh tak jine ki kamana karen. anushasit rahane se karm manushy ko vikaron men lipt nahin karate. vikar-yukt jivan ke lie eeshvar dvara yah margadarshan kiya gaya hai. isake atirikt kalyan ka koee any marg nahin hai.
  4. arthath sone ke chamakadar lubhavane patr se saty (adityamandal ke madhy brahm) ka mukh dhaka hua hai. he pooshan (soory)! mujhe satyanveshan karane ke lie, arthath atmavalokan ke lie ap us avaran ko hata den.
  5. baladev upadhyay, hindi vishvakosh, khand 2, prishth snkhya 39


snbndhit lekh

shrutiyan


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