सेनामुख  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

senamukh mahabharat yuddh men sammilit hone vali akshauhini sena ka hi ek bhag tha. isake antargat patti ke tin guna yoddha hote the.

  • 'mahabharat adi parv' men varnan milata hai ki ek bar rishiyon ne ugrashrava ji se poochha- "sootanandan ! apane jo akshauhini shabd ka uchcharan kiya hai, isake sambandh men ham log sari baten yatharth roop se sunana chahate hain. akshauhini sena men kitane paidal, ghode, rath aur hathi hote hain? isaka hamen yatharth varnan sunaiye, kyonki apako sab kuchh gyat hai."[1]
  • ugrashrava ji ne kaha- "ek rath, ek hathi, panch paidal sainik aur tin ghode -bas, inhin ko sena ke sarmgy vidvanon ne 'patti' kaha hai. isi patti ki tiguni snkhya ko vidvan purush 'senamukh' kahate hain. tin senamukhon ko ek 'gulm' kaha jata hai.

vibhag

mahabharat kal men kisi bhi akshauhini sena ke char vibhag hote the-

  1. gaj (hanthi savar)
  2. rath (rathi)
  3. ghode (ghudasavar)
  4. sainik (paidal sipahi)

sena ke bhag

ek akshauhini sena nau bhagon men bati hoti thi-

  1. patti - 1 gaj + 1 rath + 3 ghode + 5 paidal sipahi
  2. senamukh (3 x patti) - 3 gaj + 3 rath + 9 ghode + 15 paidal sipahi
  3. gulm (3 x senamukh) - 9 gaj + 9 rath + 27 ghode + 45 paidal sipahi
  4. gan (3 x gulm) - 27 gaj + 27 rath + 81 ghode + 135 paidal sipahi
  5. vahini (3 x gan) - 81 gaj + 81 rath + 243 ghode + 405 paidal sipahi
  6. pritana (3 x vahini) - 243 gaj + 243 rath + 729 ghode + 1215 paidal sipahi
  7. chamoo (3 x pritana) - 729 gaj + 729 rath + 2187 ghode + 3645 paidal sipahi
  8. anikini (3 x chamoo) - 2187 gaj + 2187 rath + 6561 ghode + 10935 paidal sipahi
  9. akshauhini (10 x anikini) - 21870 gaj + 21870 rath + 65610 ghode + 109350 paidal sipahi


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mahabharat adi parv |anuvadak: sahityachary pandit ramanarayanadatt shastri pandey 'ram' |prakashak: gitapres, gorakhapur |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 23-24 |

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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