विदुर नीति  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vidur hindoo pauranik mahakavy 'mahabharat' ke prasiddh patron men se ek hain. hindoo grnthon men diye jivan-jagat ke vyavahar men raja aur praja ke dayitvon ki vidhivat niti ki vyakhya karane vale mahapurushon ne mahatma vidur suvikhyat hain. unaki vidur niti vastav men mahabharat yuddh se poorv yuddh ke parinam ke prati shnkit hastinapur ke maharaj dhritarashtr ke sath unaka snvad hai.

vidur janate the ki yuddh vinashakari hoga. maharaj dhritarashtr apane putr duryodhan ke moh men samasya ka koee saral samadhan nahin khoj pa rahe the. vah anirnay ki sthiti men the. duryodhan apani hath par ada tha. duryodhan ki hath niti viruddh thi. pandavon ne dyoot ki shart ke anusar barah varsh ke banavas aur ek varsh ke agyatavas ki avadhi poorn karane ke bad jab apana rajy vapas manga to duryodhan ke hath ke sammukh asahay evn putr moh se grast dhritarashtr pandavon ke doot shrikrishn ko koee nirnayak uttar nahin de sake. keval itana ashvast kiya ki vah sabase paramarsh karake snjay dvara apana nirnay preshit kar denge. snjay ke madhyam se bheja gaya sndesh bhi koee nirnayak sndesh nahin tha. usamen itana kaha gaya tha ki ve aisa kary karen, jisase bharatavnshiyon ka hit ho aur yuddh n ho.

vidur niti

mahabharat’ ki katha ke mahattvapoorn patr vidur kaurav vnsh ki gatha men apana vishesh sthan rakhate hain. vidur niti jivan-yuddh ki niti hi nahin, jivan-prem, jivan-vyavahar ki niti ke roop men apana vishesh sthan rakhati hai. rajy-vyavastha, vyavahar aur disha nirdeshak siddhant vakyon ko vistar se prastavana karane vali nitiyon men jahan chanaky niti ka namollekh hota hai, vahan sath-asath ka spasht nirdesh aur vivechan ki drishti se vidur-niti ka vishesh mahattv hai. vyakti vaiyaktik apekshaon se judakar anek bar nitant vyaktigat, ekendriy aur svarthi ho jata hai, vahin vah vaiktik apekshaon ke dayare se bahar akar ek ko anek ke sath todakar, sath-asath ka vichar karate hue samashtigat bhav se samaj kendriy ya bahukendriy hokar pararthi ho jata hai.

purushon ke ath gun

vidur ke anusar ath gun purooshon ki khyati badha dete hain, jo is prakar hain[1]-

  • vidur manushy lok ke chhah sukhon ki vyakhya karate hain, nirog rahana, rini n hona, paradesh men n rahana, achchhe logon ke sath mel rakhana, apani vritti se jivika chalana aur nidar hokar rahana- ye chhah manushy lok ke sukh hain.
  • mahatma vidur kahate hain ki nimn chhah prakar ke manushy sada du:khi rahate hain-
  1. eershya karane vala
  2. ghrina karane vala
  3. asntoshi
  4. krodhi
  5. sada shnkit rahane vala
  6. doosaron ke bhagy par jivan-nirvah karane
  • mahatma vidur kahate hain ki raja ko sat doshon ko tyag dena chahiye- strivishayak asakti, jua, shikar, madyapan, vachan ki kathorata, atyant kathor dnd dena aur dhan ka durupayog karana. ye sat duahkhadayi dosh raja ko sada tyag dene chahiye, inase dridhamool raja bhi prayah nasht ho jata hai.
  • vidur maharaj ne harsh prapti ke ye sadhan bataye hain- mitron se samagam, adhik dhan ki prapti, putr ka alingan, maithun men pravritti, samay par priy vachan bolana, apane varg ke logon men unnati, abhisht vastu ki prapti aur samaj men samman- ye ath harsh ke sar dikhaee dete hain aur ye hi laukik sukh ke sadhan bhi hoete hain.
  • purushon ke ye ath gun khyati ko badha dete hain, aisa maharaj vidur ka manana hai- buddhi, kulinata, indriyanigrah, shastrgyan, parakram, adhik n bolana, shakti ke anusar dan dena aur kritgyta- ye ath gun purush ki khyati badha dete hain.
  • vidur kahate hain ki ye das prakar ke log dharm ko nahin janate- nashe men matavala, asavadhan, pagal, thaka hua, krodhi, bhookha, jaldabaj, lobhi, bhayabhit aur kami -ye das hain. vidvan vyakti in logon se asakti n badhaye.
  • dhir kaun hai? maharaj vidur kahate hain- jo kisi durbal ka apaman nahin karata, sada savadhan rahakar shatru se buddhi poorvak vyavahar karata hai, balavanon ke sath yuddh pasnd nahin karata tatha samay ane par parakram dikhata hai, vahi dhir hai.
  • vidur kahate hain, devagan aise vyaktiyon ke sath hote hain jo dan, hom, devapoojan, mangalik kary, prayashchit tatha anek prakar ke laukik achar, in karyo ko nity karata hai, devagan usake abhyuday ki siddhi karate hain.
  • maharaj vidur kahate hain ki us viddhan ki niti shreshth hai, jo apane barabar valon ke sath vivah, mitrata, vyavahar tatha batachit rakhata hai, hin purooshon ke sath nahin, aur gunon men badhe़ chadhe purooshon ko sada age rakhata hai, us viddhan ki niti shreshth hai.
  • vidur kahate hain aise purooshon ko anarth door se hi chhod dete hain, jo apane ashrit janon ko bantakar khata hai, bahut adhik kam karake bhi thoda sota hai tatha mangane par jo mitr nahin hai, use bhi dhan deta hai, us manasvi purush ke sare anarth door se hi chhod dete hain.
  • balavan ke sammukh jhukane ka paramarsh kitane sundar udaharan se nitigy vidur dete hain- jo dhatu bina garm kiye mud jati hai, use ag men nahin tapate. jo kath svayn jhuka hota hai, use koee jhukane ka prayatn nahin karata, atah buddhiman purush ko adhik balavan ke samane jhuk jana chahiye, jo adhik balavan ke samane jhukata hai, vah mano indradevata ko pranam karata hai.. 36-37/2..
  • kis vastu ki kis prakar raksha karen, vidur maharaj udaharanon dvara samajhate hain- saty se dharm ki raksha hoti hai, yog se vidya surakshit hoti hai, saphaee se sundar roop ki raksha hoti hai aur sadachar se kul ki raksha hoeti hai, tolane se anaj ki raksha hoti hai, hath pheerane se ghode surakshit rahate hain, barambar dekhabhal karane se gauon ki tatha maile vastron se striyon ki raksha hoti hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vidur ke anusar ath gun purush ki khyati badha dete hain (hindi) jyotesh.blogspot.in. abhigaman tithi: 18 disambar, 2016.

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