राम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(श्रीराम se punarnirdeshit)
snkshipt parichay
ram
Lord-Rama.jpg
any nam maryada purushottam
avatar vishnu
vnsh-gotr ikshvaku
kul raghukul
pita dasharath
mata kaushalya
janm vivaran ramanavami
parijan sumitra, kaikeyi, lakshman, bharat, shatrughn
guru vasishth, vishvamitr
vivah sita
sntan lav, kush
shasan-rajy ayodhya
sndarbh grnth ramayan
prasiddh ghatanaen vanavas, bharat milap, sita haran, ravan vadh, sita ki agni pariksha
mrityu sarayoo nadi men lin hue
yashakirti maryada purushottam, pitri bhakt
apakirti sita tyag, bali vadh, shambook vadh
snbndhit lekh ram, ramayan, chalisa, arati

maryada purushottam bhagavan shriram hindoo dharm men vishnu ke 10 avataron men se ek hain. ram ka jivanakal evn parakram, maharshi valmiki dvara rachit, snskrit mahakavy ramayan ke roop men likha gaya hai. unake upar tulasidas ne bhakti kavy shri ramacharitamanas racha tha. khas taur par uttar bharat men ram bahut adhik poojyaniy mane jate hain. ramachandr hindutvavadiyon ke bhi adarsh purush hain. ram, ayodhya ke raja dasharath aur rani kaushalya ke sabase bade putr the. ram ki patni ka nam sita tha (jo lakshmi ka avatar mani jati hai) aur inake tin bhaee the, lakshman, bharat aur shatrughn. hanuman, bhagavan ram ke, sabase bade bhakt mane jate hain. ram ne rakshas jati ke raja ravan ka vadh kiya.

ramajanm, ramalila, mathura

maryadapurushottam

anek vidvanon ne unhen 'maryadapurushottam' ki sngya di hai. valmiki ramayan tatha puranadi grnthon ke anusar ve aj se kee lakh varsh pahale treta yug men hue the. pashchaty vidvanh unaka samay eesa se kuchh hi hazar varsh poorv manate hain. apane shil aur parakram ke karan bharatiy samaj men unhen jaisi lokapooja mili vaisi snsar ke any kisi dharmik ya samajik jananeta ko shayad hi mili ho. bharatiy samaj men unhonne jivan ka jo adarsh rakha, sneh aur seva ke jis path ka anugaman kiya, usaka mahatv aj bhi samooche bharat men akshunn bana hua hai. ve bharatiy jivan darshan aur bharatiy snskriti ke sachche pratik the. bharat ke koti koti nar nari aj bhi unake uchchadarshon se anupranit hokar snkat aur asamnjas ki sthitiyon men dhairy evn vishvas ke sath age badhate hue karttavyapalan ka prayatn karate hain. unake tyagamay, satyanishth jivan se bharat hi nahin, videshon ke bhi maiksamoolar, jons, kith, griphith, barannikov adi vidvanh akarshit hue hain. unake charitr se manavata matr gauravanvit huee hai.[1]

jivan parichay

janm

hindoo dharm ke kee tyohar, jaise dashahara aur dipavali, ram ki jivan-katha se jude hue hai. mana jata hai ki ram ka janm prachin bharat men hua tha. unake janm ke samay ka anuman sahi se nahin lagaya ja saka hai. aj ke yug men ram ka janm, ramanavami ke roop men manaya jata hai. ram char bhaeeyo men se sabase bade the, inake bhaiyo ke nam lakshman, bharat aur shatrughn the. ram bachapan se hi shant svabhav ke vir purush the. unh‍hone maryadaon ko hamesha sarvochh‍ch sh‍than diya tha. isi karan unhen maryada purushottam ram ke nam se jana jata hai. unaka rajy nh‍yayapriy aur khushahal mana jata tha, isalie bharat men jab bhi suraj ki bat hoti hai, ramaraj ya ramarajy ka uddharan diya jata hai. dharm ke marg par chalane vale ram ne apane tino bhaiyon ke sath guru vasishth se shiksha praph‍t ki.
ram ke bachapan ki vistar-poorvak vivaran svami tulasidas ki ramacharitamanas ke balakand se milati hai. raja dasharath ke tin raniyan thiah kaushalya, sumitra aur kaikeyi. ram kaushalya ke puhtr the, sumitra ke do puhtr, lakshman aur shatrughn the aur kaikeyi ke puhtr bharat the. kaikeyi chahati thi unake puhtr bharat raja banen, isalie unhonne ram ko, dasharath dvara 14 varsh ka vanavas dilaya. ram ne apane pita ki agya ka palan kiya. ram ki patni sita, aur unake bhaee lakshman bhi vanavas gaye the.[1]

roop aur saundary

apani chhavi aur kanti se aganit kamadevon ko lajjit karane vale ram ke saundary ka varnan bhi ramayanadi grnthon men yathesht matra men paya jata hai. tulasi ke ramacharitamanas men to sthal sthal par is tarah ke vivaran bhare pade hain. raja janak jab vishvamitr muni se milane ge to vahan ram ki sundar chhavi dekhakar vah apani sudh vudh hi bhool ge, ve sachamuch hi videh ho ge. uke alaukik saundary ka yahan tak prabhav pada ki 'barabas brahm sukhahin man tyaga.' janak ki pushpavatika men sita ki ek sakhi ne ram ko jab dekha to vah bhaunchak rah gee. sita ke nikat akar vah keval itana hi kah saki 'syam gaur kimi kahaun vakhani, gira anayan nayan binu bani.' unake ang pratyng ka jo varnan kiya gaya hai, vah advitiy hai. makhabhoomi men tatha vivahamndap men bhi ram ke nakhashikh ka aisa hi sundar varnan manas men diya gaya hai. samany logon ki to bat hi kya, parashuram jaise durdharsh vir ko bhi ram ke alaukik saundary ne hakka bakka bana diya. ve nirnimesh netron se unhen dekhate rah ge. aisa hi ek prasng us samay aya jab khar dooshan ki sena ke vir ram ka roop dekhakar hathiyar chalana hi bhool ge. unake neta ko svikar karana pada ki apane jivan men aj tak hamane aisa saundary kahin dekha nahin, isalie 'yadyapi bhagini kinh kuroopa, vadh layaq nahin purush anoopa.'[1]

adarsh charitr

any sambndhit lekh


ram ke charitr men bharat ki snskriti ke anuroop parivarik aur samajik jivan ke uchchatam adarsh pae jate hain. unamen vyaktitvavikas,lokahit tatha suvyavasthit rajyasnchalan ke sabhi gun vidyaman the. unhonne dinon, asahayon, snton aur dharmashilon ki raksha ke lie jo kary kie, acharavyavahar ki jo parnpara qayam ki, seva aur tyag ka jo udaharan prastut kiya tatha nyay evn saty ki pratishtha ke lie ve jis tarah anavarat prayatnavanh‌ rahe, jisase unhen bharat ke jan-jan ke manas mndir men atynt pavitr aur uchch asan par asin kar diya hai.[1]

adarsh putr
ram ke parakram saundary se bhi adhik vyak prabhav unake shil aur achar vyavahar ka pada jisake karan unhen apane jivanakal men hi nahin, varanh‌ anuvarti yug men bhi aisi lokapriyata prapt huee jaisi virale hi kisi vyakti ko prapt huee ho. ve adarsh putr, adarsh pati, snehashil bhrata aur lokasevanurakt, kartavyaparayan raja the. mata pita ka ve poorn samadar karate the.
hanuman, ram aur lakshman ko le jate hue
prat: kal uthakar pahale unhen pranam karate, phir nityakarm snanadi se nivritt hokar unaki agya grahan kar apane kam kaj men jut jate the. vivah ho jane ke bad raja ne unhen yuvaraj banana chaha, kintu mnthara dasi ke bahakane se vimata kaikeyi ne jab unhen 14 varsh ka vanavas dene ka var raja se manga to virodh men ek shabd bhi n kahakar ve turntavan jane ko taiyar ho ge. unhonne kaikeyi se kaha 'sun janani soi sut bad bhagi, jo pitri matu vachan anuragi.' valmiki ke anusar ram ne yahan tak kah diya ki diya ki 'raja yadi agni men koodane ko kahen to koodoonga, vish khane ko kahen to khaoonga.' nidan samast rajavaibhav, uttung prasad aur bahumooly vastrabhooshanon ka parityag kar lakshman tatha sita ke sath ve saharsh van ke lie chal pade. jane ke pahale unhonne guru se kahalakar brahmanon tatha vidvanon ke varshashan ki vyavastha kara di aur bharat ke lie sndesh diya ki 'niti n tajahin rajapad paye'. pita aur mataon ki sukh suvidha ka dhyan rakhane ki prarthana purajanon hitechchhuon se karate hue unhonne kaha
'soi sab bhanti mor hitakari, jate rahain bhual sukhari' tatha 'matu sakal more virah jehi n hoyn dukhadin, so upay tum karah sab purajan praja pravina'
adarsh pati
jngal men ram, sita aur lakshman

ram janate the ki sita atynt sukumar hain at: unhonne unhen ayodhya men hi rahane ko bahut samajhaya par jab ve nahin manin tab unhonne unhen apane sath le liya aur garmi, varsha, thakan adi ka barabar dhyan rakhate hue sahriday, snehi pati ke roop men unhen bharasak koee kasht nahin hone diya.

adarsh bhaee

ram ne apane chhote bhaee lakshman ko bhi pita, mata or bade bhaee ka anurag dekar is tarah apyayit karate rahe ki unhen ayodhya tatha parijanon ke viyogaka du:kh tanik bhi khalane nahin paya. meghanad ke shaktiban se lakshman ke ahat hone par ram ko marmantak pida huee aur ve phoot phootakar ro pade. nari ke pichhe bhaee ka pran jane ki ashnka se unhen badi glani huee. dhairyavanh‌ hote hue bhi ve is samay param vyakul ho uthe. kintu tabhi snjivani booti lekar hanuman ke laut ane se kisi tarah lakshman ki pranaraksha ho saki. bharat par bhi ram ka aisa hi sneh unaki sadhuta evn nishchhalata par ram ka poora vishvas tha. isi se bharat bhi unaka poorn samadar karate the aur sarvada unaki agya ka palan karate the. bharat jab inhen laut lane ke lie chitrakoot pahunche tab ram ne unhen saty aur kartavyanishtha ka upadesh dete hue bade prem se samajhaya aur sahare ke lie apani khadaun dekar sahridayatapoorvak vida kiya. vanavas ki avadhi bitane men keval ek din shesh rahane par bharat ki dasha ka smaran kar ram atynt vyakul ho uthe aur unhonne vibhishan se pushp viman ki yachana ki, jisase ve yathasamay ayodhya pahunch saken.

ram, lakshman, bharat aur shatrughn ke vesh men ramalila kalakar, ramalila, mathura

ram ke inhin gunon ke karan samast ayodhyavasi aur pashupakshi tak unamen anurakt the. vanavas ke lie prasthan karane par bhari snkhya men log tamasa nadi tak unake sath sath daud ge. ram ko adhi rat ke samay unhen sote chhodakar luk chhipakar vahan se kooch kar dena pada. jagane par logon ko bada pachhatava hua. atynt du:khit hokar ve ayodhya laut ae vanavas ki avadhi bhar ram ki mngalakamana ke uddeshy se nemavrat, devopasana adi karate rahe. udhar nav men baithakar ram ke gnga par chale jane par sumntr moorchhit ho gaya aur usake rath ke ghode bhi ramaviyog men vyakul ho uthe. us samay yadi koee vyakti ram lakshman ka namollekh kar deta tha to ve pashu vispharit netron se usaki or dekhane lagate the-'je kahi ramalakhan vaidehi, hikari hikari pashu chitavahin tehi.' pita dasharath ne to pahale hi kah diya tha ki ram ke bina mera jina snbhav nahin, aur yahi hua bhi. mata kaushalya ko is bat ka utana du:kh n tha ki ram van gaman ki bat sunakar bhi meri vajr ki chhati vidirn nahin huee, jitani unhen is bat ki glani thi ki ram jaise agyakari, sushil putr ki mujh jaisi mata huee. matibhram se poorv kaikeyi ka bhi ram se poorn vishvas tha. isi se unake rajyabhishek ki bat sunakar usane prasannata karate hue kaha tha :

rame va bharate vahn visheshn nopalakshaye.
tasmattrishtasmi yadraja ramn rajyeabhishekshyati.[1]

adarsh raja

ram praja ko har tarah se sukhi rakhana raja ka param kartavy manate the. unaki dharana thi ki jis raja ke shasan men praja du:khi rahati hai, vah nrip avashy hi narak ka adhikari hota hai. janakalyan ki bhavana se hi unhonne rajy ka snchalan kiya, jisase praja dhanadhany se poorn, sukhi, dharmashil evn niramay ho gee-'prahrisht mudito lokastusht: pusht: sudharmik:. niramayo hyarogashch durbhikshabhayavarjit:.'

  • tulasidas ne bhi ramacharitamanas men ramarajy ki vishad charcha ki hai. lokanurnjan ke lie ve apane sarvasv ka tyag karane ko tatpar rahate the. isi se bhavabhooti ne unake ke munh se kahalaya hai

'snehn dayan ch saukhyn ch, yadi va janakimapi.
aradhanay lokasy munchatonasti me vyatha'.

arthath‌ 'yadi avashyakata huee to janaki tak ka parityag main kar sakata hoon.' prajanurnjan ke lie itana bada tyag karane par unhen kitani marmantak vyatha huee, sita-virah-katar hokar kis tarah ve mumoorshuvath‌ ho ge, isaka atynt karunotpadak chitran mahakavi bhavabhooti ki kushal lekhani ne 'uttararamacharit' men kiya hai.[1]

mahaparakrami yoddha

ram advitiy mahapurush the. ve atuly balashali, saundaryanidhan tatha uchch shil ke vyakti the. kishoravastha men hi unhonne dharmik anushthanon men rat vishvamitr muni ke paritranarth tadaka aur subahu rakshas ka vadh kiya. raja janak ki svaynvar sabha men unhonne shiv ka vah vishal dhanush anayas hi tod dala jisake samane bade bade virapungavon ko bhi natamastak hona pada tha. dndak van men shoorpanakha ke bhadakane se jab khar, dooshan, trishiradi ne unhen charon or se gher liya to akele hi yuddh karate hue unhonne thode samay men hi unaka vinash kar dala. kishkindha men ek hi ban se ram ne sat talavrikshon ka chhedan kar diya aur bad men bade bhaee ke tras se utpidit sugriv ki raksha ke lie bali jaise mahaparakrami yoddha ko bhi dharashayi kar diya. lnka men ravan, kunbhakarn adi se hua unaka yuddh to parakram ki parakashtha ka aisa udaharan hai jisaki misal anyatr kathinaee se hi milegi.[1]

paramadham

jab prabhu shriram, bharat aur shatrughn ne sarayoo nadi ke 'gopratar ghat' par vishnu svaroop men pravesh kiya to unake sath gaya samast samooh, arthat rakshas, manuj, richh, pakshi, vanar aur yashasvi v mahanh manushy adi sabhi ko prabhu ka paramadham mila. brahmaji ye sab dekhakar bahut ahladit hue aur apane dham ko chale ge.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 tripathi, ramaprasad “khand 10”, hindi vishvakosh (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: nagari pracharini sabha varanasi, prishth snkhya- 97.
  2. hns aur mahakavy (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 10 mee, 2013.

snbndhit lekh


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