देवी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

snkshipt parichay
devi
durga
any nam uma, gauri, parvati, haimavati, jaganmata, bhavani adi.
janm vivaran devi durga ke nau roop hote hain. durga asal men shiv ki patni parvati ka ek roop hain, jisaki utpatti devataon ki prarthana par rakshason ka nash karane ke liye huee thi.
vishesh bhagavati durga ki savari sher hai. durga ji ki pooja men durga ji ki arati aur durga chalisa ka path kiya jata hai.
any janakari devi ke svayn kee roop hain. mukhy roop unaka 'gauri' hai arthath shantamay, sundar aur gora roop. unaka sabase bhayanak roop kali hai, arthath kala roop. vibhinn roopon men durga bharat aur nepal ke kee mandiron aur tirthasthanon men pooji jati hain.

'dev' shabd ka striling 'devi' hai. devataon ki tarah anek deviyon ki satta mani gayi hai. shaktamat ka prachar hone par shakti ke anek roopon ki abhivyakti deviyon ke roopon men prachalit hoti chali gayi.

vividh nam aur roop

mahabharat aur puranon men devi ke vividh namon aur roopon ka varnan paya jata hai. devi, mahadevi, parvati, haimavati adi isake sadharan nam hain. shiv ki shakti ke roop men devi ke do roop hain- (1). komal aur (2). bhaynkar. pray: doosare roop men hi isaki adhik pooja hoti hai. komal athava saumy roop men vah uma, gauri, parvati, haimavati, jaganmata, bhavani adi namon se sambodhit hoti hai. bhaynkar roop men isake nam hain- durga, kali, shyama, chndi, chandika, bhairavi adi. ugr roop ki pooja men hi durga aur bhairavi ki upasana hoti hai, jisamen pashubali tatha anek vamachar ki kriyaon ka vidhan hai. durga ke das hath hain, jinamen vah shastrastr dharan karati hai. vah paramasundari, svarnavarn aur sinh-vahini hai. vah mahamaya roop se sampoorn vishv ko mohit rakhati hai.

  • chandimahatmy ke anusar isake nimnankit nam hain-
  1. durga
  2. dashabhuja
  3. sinh-vahini
  4. mahishamardini
  5. jagaddhatri
  6. kali
  7. muktakeshi
  8. tara
  9. chhinnamastaka
  10. jagadgauri.
  • apane pati shiv se devi ko anek nam mile hain, jaise- babhravi, bhagavati, eeshani, eeshvari, kalanjari, kapalini, kaushiki, maheshvari, mrida, mridani, rudrani, sharvani, shiva, tryambaki adi.
  • apane utpattisthanon se bhi devi ko nam mile hain- kanya, kumari, ambika, avara, ananta, nitya, arya, vijaya, riddhi, sati, dakshina, pinga, karburi, bhramari, kotari, karnamukta, padmalanchhana, sarvamngala, shakambhari, shivadooti, sinhastha.
  • tapasya karane ke karan isaka nam aparna tatha katyayani hai. use bhootanayaki, gananayaki tatha kamakshi ya kamakhya bhi kahate hain.
  • devi ke bhaynkar roopon ke aur bhi anek nam hain- bhadrakali, bhimadevi, chamunda, mahakali, mahamari, mahasuri, matngi, rajasi, raktadanti, adi.

tika tippani aur sndarbh

hindoo dharmakosh |lekhak: daau. rajabali pandey |prakashak: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan, hindi bhavan, lakhanoo |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 331 |


snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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