विशु  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishu
bhagavan krishn
vivaran yah keralavasiyon ke lie navavarsh ka din hai. yah malayalam mahine 'medam' ki pahali tithi ko manaya jata hai.
varsh 2015 15 apral
utsav vishu ki subah hi sote bachchon ke kan men 'kani'-'kani' 'kani'-aise gunjaya jata hai ki bachcha nind ko chhodakar uth khada ho. malayalam bhasha men 'kani' shabd ka arth hai-'phal'. isake bad bachchon ko phalon ki davat di jati hai. vishu ke is shubh din par keral ke har ghar men sngit ki lahariyan goonjati hain.
dharmik anushthan vishu ke din anek dharmik karmakand ayojit kie jate hain. vishu ke pahale uttari keral ke mandiron men 'braitam' ka ayojan hota hai. braitam ek tarah se purushon ke dvara apane ishtadev ko rijhane ke lie prarthana hai.
vishu kainitam is tyohar par parivar ke chhote bachchon ko kuchh nagad dhan dene ki bhi parampara hai. ise "vishu kainitam" kaha jata hai. logon men manyata hai ki yah kary bhavishy men unake bachchon ki samriddhi sunishchith karata hai.
any janakari keral men vishu utsav ke din dhan ki buaee ka kam shuroo hota hai. is din ko yahan "malayali nyoo eeyar vishu" ke nam se pukara jata hai.
adyatan‎

vishu (angrezi: Vishu) keral ka prasiddh utsav hai. yah keralavasiyon ke lie navavarsh ka din hai. yah malayalam mahine 'medam' ki pahali tithi ko manaya jata hai. keral men vishu utsav ke din dhan ki buaee ka kam shuroo hota hai. is din ko yahan "malayali nyoo eeyar vishu" ke nam se pukara jata hai. basant ritu men sukhad asha v apeksha ki bhavanaon ko snjoe keral men vishu (vishu) parv bhi any parvon ki bhanti harshollas se manaya jata hai. pratahkal men vishukani ke shubh darshan ki riti ka anusaran karate ae keralavasi is parv ka shubharambh karate hain. keral ke pratyek hindoo parivar men logon ko jitani pratiksha apane navavarsh 'vishu' ki hoti hai, utani shayad hi kisi any tyohar ki hoti hai. vishu unake naye varsh ka tyohar hai. mesh snkranti arthath chaitr shukl pratipada se keral men navavarsh ka shubharambh hota hai. is avasar par naye pnchang ki pooja karake use upasthit janasamuday ke bich men padha jata hai aur naye varsh ka bhavishy phal bataya jata hai.

utsav ka prarambh

malayali mas 'medam' ke pratham din hi vishu ka tyohar harsh v ullas se manaya jata hai. vishu ki subah hi sote bachchon ke kan men 'kani'-'kani' 'kani'-aise gunjaya jata hai ki bachcha nind ko chhodakar uth khada ho. malayalam bhasha men 'kani' shabd ka arth hai-'phal'. isake bad bachchon ko phalon ki davat di jati hai. vishu ke is shubh din par keral ke har ghar men sngit ki lahariyan goonjati hain. log bhakti-sngit men lin hokar naye varsh ka svagat karate hain. ek tarah se kisanon ke lie yah parv ashapunj hai. is din ve sukhi v samriddh jivan ki kamana karate hain. angrezi kalendar ke anusar yah din aprail-mee men ata hai. hinduon ke lie yah avasar atyant mahattvapoorn hai, kyonki vishu ka tyohar navavarsh ka shubharambh ghoshit karata hai. vishu ke din paramparabaddh keralavasi anek rngarng anushthan v vidhiyon ka palan karate hain. adhikatar ye paramparaen is vishvas par adharit hain ki vishuparv dhoom–dham se manana chahie, kyonki navavarsh ke pratham din ke shubhakary poore varsh bhi jari rahenge.

pooja

malayalam samaj men is din mndiro men vishukkani ke darshan kar samaj ke liye nav varsh ka svagat kiya jata hai. keral men vishu utsav par parnparik nrihty gan ke sath atishabazi ka anand liya jata hai. is din visheshakar ayyapa mndir men vishesh pooja archana ki jati hai. vishu yani bhagavan "shri krishn" aur kani yani "tokari". vishu parv par bhagavan shri krishn ko tokari men rakhakar usamen katahal, kaddoo, pile phool, kanch, nariyal aur any chizon se sajaya jata hai. is din sabase pahale ghar ka mukhiya ankhen bnd kar vishukkani ke darshan karata hai. kee jagahon par ghar ke mukhiya se pahale bachchon ko dev vishukkani ke darshan karaye jate hain. nav varsh ke din sabase pahale dev ke darshan karane ka uddeshy apane poore varsh ko shubh karane se juda hua hai.

pooja archana ka saman

dharmik anushthan

vishu ke din anek dharmik karmakand ayojit kie jate hain. vishu ke pahale uttari keral ke mandiron men 'braitam' ka ayojan hota hai. braitam ek tarah se purushon ke dvara apane ishtadev ko rijhane ke lie prarthana hai. is aradhana men do vibhinn jatiyon ke log devi aur devata ka roop dharan karake rng–birnge vastr pahan kar mandir ke samaksh nrity karate hain. akarshak rngon se rnge unake mukhote ki chhavi tatha nrity ki lay ke sath 'chhenda', dholon ki tez dhvani ek nirala sama bandh deti hai. vishu ke din 'kanikanal' anushthan keral ki mahattvapoorn dharmik parampara hai.

kanikanal ki parampara

yah anushthan sabase mahattvapoorn hai. isaka shabdik arth hai, "pratham darshan". kanikanal riti ke anusar anek vastuon ka vidhan hai, jinhen shubh ki asha rakhane vale vyakti ko pratah sarvapratham dekhana chahie. in vastuon men sammilit hain-patr–pustak, abhooshan, svachchh shvetavastr, chaval ya dhan ki kuchh matra, konna, vriksh ke pushp, adha kata sitaphal, nariyal tatha pila khira. ye sabhi vastuen ek bade patr men rakhi jati hain. is patr ke pichhe laghu ghntiyon se yukt shisha v mala dharan kie krishn ki moorti rakhi jati hai tatha urdhv disha men unmukh tel ke dipak, moorti ke nikat rakhe jate hain. kani ki taiyariyan grihalakshmi ek rat poorv karati hai. kani ke lie sarvapratham ghar ka mukhiya ata hai tatha any parivarijan usake bad ate hain. bachchon ki ankhon par patti bandhakar unhen kamare se pratah sabase pahale kanikanal dikhane ke lie laya jata hai. vishukani ko bad men nirdhanon v zaroorat mnd logon men banta jata hai. is riti ke pichhe yah atoot vishvas hai ki is din sarvapratham dhan sampatti ke darshan se varshabhar dhan-sampatti milati hai.

vishu kainitam

is tyohar par parivar ke chhote bachchon ko kuchh nagad dhan dene ki bhi parampara hai. ise "vishu kainitam" kaha jata hai. logon men manyata hai ki yah kary bhavishy men unake bachchon ki samriddhi sunishchith karata hai.

mandir men vishukani

bahut se log vishukani mandir men dekhana pasnd karate hain. guruvayoor, ambalapoodha v sabarimala ke mandiron men bhari bhid dekhi ja sakati hai. in mandiron men is din vishesh prarthanaen ki jati hain. log mandiron ke prangan men vishu se ek din pahale hi rat bitate hain, taki ve vishu ke din sarvapratham kani ko dekh saken. shraddhalu apani ankhen band kar mandir ke kapat khulane ki pratiksha karate hain. dvar khulate hi ve sarvapratham kani par dhyan kendrit karate hain.

samaroh aur svadisht vynjan

grihasthiyan "sadaya" namak bhoj taiyar karati hain. jise dopahar ke samay sabhi log grahan karate hain. pakavan prayah kaddoo, am, ghiya, karela, any shakahari vastuon v phalon se banae jate hain. ye sabhi vastuen is ritu men prachur matra men upalabdh hoti hain. log kodivastramh (ne kapade) bhi is din pahanate hain. nrity, sngit ke bich patassu (patakhe) bajae jate hain.

vishuvela

vishuvela navavarsh mela hai, jise utsah se manaya jata hai. yuvak–yuvatiyon ka samooh chochjhi ke roop men lungi v kele ke patron ko pahan tatha apane mukh ko dhakakar ganv men ghar ghar–ghar jata hai. ye log kuchh dhanarashi ekatrit karate hain. vishu ke din inhen apane pradarshan ke lie achchha inam mil jata hai. is dhan ko vishuvela men kharch kiya jata hai.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah