लोहड़ी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

lohadi
lohadi ka tyohar manate log
any nam lal lahi
anuyayi sikkh, bharatiy
uddeshy sanskritik jivntata ka parv
tithi 13 janavari (makar snkranti se ek din pahale)
utsav lohadi ki sndhya par holi ki tarah lakadiyan ekatrit karake jalayi jati hain aur tilon se agni ka poojan kiya jata hai.
dharmik manyata ek prachalit lokakatha hai ki makar snkranti ke din kns ne krishn ko marane ke lie lohita namak rakshasi ko gokul men bheja tha, jise krishn ne khel–khel men hi mar dala tha. usi ghatana ki smriti men lohita ka pavan parv manaya jata hai.
snbndhit lekh makar snkranti, maghabihoo
any janakari visheshatah pnjab ke logon ke lie lohadi ki mahatta ek parv se bhi adhik hai. pnjabi log hnsi mazak pasnd, tagade, oorzavan, joshile v svabhavik roop se hnsamukh hote hain. utsav prem v halki chhed–chhad tatha svachchhndata hi lohadi parv ka pratik hai.

lohadi uttar bharat ka ek prasiddh tyohar hai. pnjab evn jammoo–kashmir men 'lohadi' nam se makar snkranti parv manaya jata hai. ek prachalit lokakatha hai ki makar snkranti ke din kns ne krishn ko marane ke lie lohita namak rakshasi ko gokul men bheja tha, jise krishn ne khel–khel men hi mar dala tha. usi ghatana ki smriti men lohita ka pavan parv manaya jata hai. sindhi samaj men bhi makar snkranti se ek din poorv 'lal lahi' ke roop men is parv ko manaya jata hai.

lokakathaen

lohadi se snbaddh parnparaon evn riti-rivajon se gyat hota hai ki pragaitihasik gathaen bhi isase jud gee hain. daksh prajapati ki putri sati ke yogagni-dahan ki yad men hi yah agni jalaee jati hai. lohadi ko dulla bhatti ki ek kahani se bhi joda jata hain. dulla bhatti mugal shasak akabar ke samay men pnjab men rahata tha. use pnjab ke nayak ki upadhi se sammanit kiya gaya tha. us samay sndal bar ke jagah par ladakiyon ko gulami ke lie bal poorvak amir logon ko bech jata tha jise dulla bhatti ne ek yojana ke tahat ladakiyon ko n keval mukt hi karavaya balki unaki shadi bhi hindoo ladakon se karavaee aur unake shadi ki sabhi vyavastha bhi karavaee. dulla bhatti ek vidrohi tha aur jisaki vnshavali bhatti rajapoot the. usake poorvaj pindi bhattiyon ke shasak the jo ki sndal bar men tha. ab sndal bar pakistan men sthit hain. vah sabhi pnjabiyon ka nayak tha.

agni ka poojan

jaise holi jalate hain, usi tarah lohadi ki sndhya par holi ki tarah lakadiyan ekatrit karake jalayi jati hain aur tilon se agni ka poojan kiya jata hai. is tyohar par bachchon ke dvara ghar–ghar jakar lakadiyan ekatr karane ka dhng bada hi rochak hai. bachchon ki toliyan lohadi gati hain, aur ghar–ghar se lakadiyan mangi jati hain. ve ek git gate hain, jo ki bahut prasiddh hai —

sundar mundariye ! ..................ho
tera kaun bechara, .................ho
dulla bhatti vala, ...............ho
dulle ghi vyahi, ..................ho
ser shakkar aee, .................ho
kudi de bajhe paee, .................ho
kudi da lal patara, ...............ho
yah git gakar dulla bhatti ki yad karate hain.

is din subah se hi bachche ghar–ghar jakar git gate hain tatha pratyek ghar se lohadi mangate hain. yah kee roopon men unhen pradan ki jati hai. jaise til, moongaphali, gud, revadi v gajak. pnjabi raaubin hud dulla bhatti ki prashnsa men git gate hain. dulla bhatti amiron ko lootakar, nirdhanon men dhan bant deta tha. ek bar usane ek ganv ki nirdhan kanya ka vivah svayn apani bahan ke roop men karavaya tha.
lohadi ka parv manate log

shit ritu aur alav

is din shit ritu apani charam sima par hoti hai. tapaman shoony se panch digri selsiyas tak hota hai tatha ghane kohare ke bich sab kuchh thahara sa pratit hota hai. lekin is shit grast satah ke niche josh ki lahar mahasoos ki ja sakati hai. visheshakar hariyana, pnjab v himachal pradesh men log lohadi ki taiyari bahut hi khas tarike se karate hain. ag ke bade–bade alav kathin parishram ke bad banate hain. in alavon men jivan ki garm-joshi chhipi rahati hai. vishram v harsh ki bhavana ko log rok nahin pate hain. lohadi paush mas ki akhiri rat ko manayi jati hai. kahate hain ki hamare buzurgon ne thnd se bachane ke lie mntr bhi padha tha. is mntr men sooryadev se prarthana ki gee thi ki vah is mahine men apani kiranon se prithvi ko itana garm kar den ki logon ko paush ki thnd se koee bhi nuqasan n pahunch sake. ve log is mntr ko paush mah ki akhiri rat ko ag ke samane baithakar bolate the ki sooraj ne unhen thnd se bacha liya.

makar snkranti aur lohadi

hindoo pnchang ke anusar lohadi janavari mas men snkranti ke ek din pahale manaee jati hai. is samay dharati soory se apane sudoor bindu se phir dobara soory ki or mukh karana prarambh kar deti hai. yah avasar varsh ke sarvadhik shitamay mas janavari men hota hai. is prakar shit prakop ka yah antim mas hota hai. paush mas samapt hota hai tatha magh mahine ke shubharambh uttarayan kal (14 janavari se 14 julaee) ka snket deta hai. shrimadbhagavadagita ke anusar, shrikrishn ne apana virat v atyant ojasvi svaroop isi kal men prakat kiya tha. hindoo is avasar par gnga men snan kar apane sabhi pap tyagate hain. gngasagar men in dinon snanarthiyon ki apar bhid umadati hai. uttarayanakal ki mahatta ka varnan hamare shastrakaron ne anek granthon men kiya hai.

alav jalane ka shubhakary

soory dhalate hi kheton men bade–bade alav jalae jate hain. gharon ke samane bhi isi prakar ka drishy hota hai. log oonchi uthati agni shikhaon ke charon or ekatrit hokar, alav ki parikrama karate hain tatha agni ko pake hue chaval, makka ke dane tatha any chabane vale bhojy padarth arpit karate hain. 'adar ae, dalidar jae' is prakar ke git v lokagit is parv par gae jate hain. yah ek prakar se agni ko samarpit prarthana hai. jisamen agni bhagavan se prachurata v samriddhi ki kamana ki jati hai. parikrama ke bad lok mitron v sambandhiyon se milate hain. shubhakamanaon ka adan–pradan kiya jata hai tatha apas men bhent banti jati hai aur prasad vitaran bhi hota hai. prasad men panch mukhy vastuen hoti hain - til, gajak, gud, moongaphali tatha makka ke dane. shitritu ke vishesh bhojy padarth alav ke charon or baithakar khae jate hain. inamen sabase mahattvapoorn vynjan hai, makke ki roti aur sarason ka hara sag.

sngit aur bhangada

lohadi

janavari ki tikhi sardi men jalate hue alav atyant sukhadayi v manohari lagate hain. sabhi log rng-birnge vastron men ban than ke ate hain. purush pajama v kurata pahanate hain. kurate ke oopar jaiket par shishe ke gol vinyas hote hain. jinake charon or gota laga hota hai. isi se mel khati badi–badi pagadiyan hoti hain. saj–dhajakar purush alav ke charon or ekatrit hokar bhangada nrity karate hain. choonki agni hi is parv ke pramukh devata hain, isalie chivada, til, meva, gajak adi ki ahooti bhi svayn agnidev ko chadhayi jati hai. bhangada nrity ahooti ke bad hi prarambh hota hai. nagadon ki dhvani ke bich yah nrity ek ladi ki bhanti der rat tak chalata rahata hai tatha lagatar ne nrity samooh isamen sammilit hote hain. paramparik roop se striyan bhangade men sammilit nahin hoti hain. ve alag angan men alav jalati hain tatha sammohak gidda nrity prastut karati hain.

maghi ka din

magh mas ka agaman isi din lohadi ke thik bad hota hai. hindoo vishvason ke anusar is shubh din nadi men pavitr snan kar dan diya jata hai. mishthanon prayah ganne ke ras ki khir ka prayog kiya jata hai.

pnjab men dhoom

visheshatah pnjab ke logon ke lie lohadi ki mahatta ek parv se bhi adhik hai. pnjabi log hnsi mazak pasnd, tagade, oorzavan, joshile v svabhavik roop se hnsamukh hote hain. utsav prem v halki chhed–chhad tatha svachchhndata hi lohadi parv ka pratik hai. adhunik samay men lohadi ka din logon ko apani vyastata se bahar khinch lata hai. log ek-doosare se milakar apana sukh-duahkh bantate hain. bharat ke any bhagon men lohadi ke din ko pongal v makar snkranti ke roop men manaya jata hai. ye sabhi parv ek hi sndesh dete hain, ham sab ek hain. apasi bhaeecharen ki bhavana tatha prabhu ko dharati par sukh, shanti aur dhan–dhany ki prachurata ke lie dhanyavad dena, yahi bhavanaen is din har vyakti ke man men hoti hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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