गुड़ी पड़वा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gudi padava
gudi padava
any nam varsh pratipada, ugadi, navasnvatsar tithi
anuyayi hindoo
prarambh pauranik kal
tithi chaitr shukl paksh pratipada
anushthan pooranapoli aur shrikhnd ka naivedy chadha kar navadurga, shriramachandr evn unake bhakt hanuman ki vishesh aradhana ki jati hai.
dharmik manyata kaha jata hai ki brahma ne sooryoday hone par sabase pahale chaitr mas ki shukl paksh ki pratipada ko hi srishti ki snrachana shuroo ki.
vishesh is din nim ki pattiyan khaen aur doosaron ko bhi khilaen.
any janakari is din gharon ke age ek-ek 'gudi' ya jhnda rakha jata hai aur usake sath svastik chihn vala ek bartan v resham ka kapada bhi rakha jata hai.

gudi padava 'hindoo navavarsh' ke roop men poore bharat men manaee jati hai. chaitr mas men shukl paksh ki pratipada ko "gudi padava" ya "varsh pratipada" ya "ugadi" (yugadi) kaha jata hai. is din soory, nim ki pattiyan, ardhy, pooranapoli, shrikhnd aur dhvaja poojan ka vishesh mahattv hota hai. mana jata hai ki chaitr mah se hindooon ka navavarsh arnbh hota hai. sooryopasana ke sath arogy, samriddhi aur pavitr acharan ki kamana ki jati hai. gudi padava ke din ghar-ghar men vijay ke pratik svaroop gudi sajaee jati hai. use navin vastrabhooshan pahana kar shakkar se bani akritiyon ki mala pahanaee jati hai. pooranapoli aur shrikhnd ka naivedy chadha kar navadurga, shriramachandr evn unake bhakt hanuman ki vishesh aradhana ki jati hai.

hindoo navavarsh ka prarambhik din

'gudi padava' ke avasar par log apane gharon ki saph-saphaee karate hain, dvar par rngoli banate hain aur daravazon ko am ki pattiyon v gende ke phoolon se sajate hain. is din gharon ke age ek-ek 'gudi' ya jhnda rakha jata hai aur usake sath svastik chihn vala ek bartan v resham ka kapada bhi rakha jata hai. log paramparik vastr pahanate hain. mahilaen nau gaj lambi sadi pahanati hain. vaise to pauranik roop se gudi padava ka alag mahattv hai, lekin prakritik roop se ise samajha jae to soory hi srishti ke palanahar hain. at: unake prachnd tej ko sahane ki kshamata pri‍‍thvivasiyon men utpann ho, aisi kamana ke sath soory ki archana ki jati hai. is din 'sundarakand', 'ramarakshastotr' aur devi bhagavati ke mntr jap ka vishesh mahattv hai. hamari bharatiy snskriti aur rishiyon-muniyon ne 'gudi padava' arthath chaitr shukl paksh pratipada se 'navavarsh' ka arnbh mana hai. 'gudi padava' parv dhire-dhire aupacharik hoti chali ja rahi hai, lekin isaka vyapak prachar-prasar nahin ho paya hai.

arth tatha mahattv

'gudi' ka arth hota hai- 'vijay pataka'. kaha jata hai ki isi din brahma ne srishti ka nirman kiya tha. isi din se naya snvatsar bhi prarambh hota hai. at: is tithi ko 'navasnvatsar' bhi kahate hain. kaha jata hai ki brahma ne sooryoday hone par sabase pahale chaitr mas ki shukl paksh ki pratipada ko srishti ki snrachana shuroo ki. unhonne is pratipada tithi ko 'pravara' athava 'sarvottam tithi' kaha tha. isalie isako srishti ka pratham divas bhi kahate hain. is din se snvatsar ka poojan, navaratr ka ghatasthapan, dhvajaropan, varshesh ka phal path adi vidhi-vidhan kie jate hain. chaitr shukl paksh ki pratipada vasnt ritu men ati hai. is ritu men sampoorn srishti men sundar chhata bikhar jati hai.

manyataen

hindoo dharm men gudi padava ko lekar kee prakar ki manyataen vyapt hain- jaise-

  • kaha jata hai ki chaitr mas men shukl paksh ki pratipada ke din bhagavan vishnu ne matsy roop men avatar liya tha. soory men agni aur tej hain, chandrama men shitalata. shanti aur samriddhi ka pratik soory aur chandrama ke adhar par hi sayan ganana ki utpatti huee hai. isase aisa samnjasy baith jata hai ki tithi vriddhi, tithi kshay, adhik mas, kshay mas adi vyavadhan utpann nahin kar pate. tithi ghate ya badhe, lekin 'soory grahan' sadaiv amavasya ko hoga aur 'chandr grahan' sadaiv poornima ko hi hoga.
  • yah bhi manyata hai ki brahma ne varsh pratipada ke din hi srishti ki rachana ki thi. vishnu bhagavan ne varsh pratipada ke din hi pratham jiv avatar (matsyavatar) liya tha.
  • mana jata hai ki shalivahan ne shakon par vijay aj ke hi din prapt ki thi. isalie 'shak snvatsar' prarnbh hua.
  • marathi bhashiyon ki ek manyata yah bhi hai ki maratha samrajy ke adhipati chhatrapati shivaji maharaj ne varsh pratipada ke din hi 'hindoo pad padashahi' ka bhagava vijay dhvaj lagakar hindoo samrajy ki ninv rakhi thi.[1]
  • chaitr hi ek aisa mahina hai, jisamen vriksh tatha lataen phalate-phoolate hain. shukl pratipada ka din chndrama ki kala ka pratham divas mana jata hai. jivan ka mukhy adhar vanaspatiyon ko somaras chndrama hi pradan karata hai. ise aushadhiyon aur vanaspatiyon ka raja kaha gaya hai. isilie is din ko varsharnbh mana jata hai.
  • kee logon ki manyata hai ki isi din bhagavan ram ne bali ke atyachari shasan se dakshin ki praja ko mukti dilaee thi. bali ke tras se mukt huee praja ne ghar-ghar men utsav manakar dhvaj (gudiyan) phaharae. aj bhi ghar ke angan men gudi khadi karane ki pratha maharashtr men prachalit hai. isilie is din ko 'gudi padava' nam diya gaya. maharashtr men is din pooranapoli ya mithi roti banaee jati hai. isamen jo chijen milaee jati hain, ve hain- gud, namak, nim ke phool, imali aur kachcha am. gud mithas ke lie, nim ke phool kadavahat mitane ke lie aur imali v am jivan ke khatte-mithe svad chakhane ka pratik hoti hai.[2]
  • 'navasnvatsar' prarambh hone par bhagavan ki pooja karake prarthana karani chahie- "he bhagavan! apaki kripa se mera varsh kalyanamay ho, sabhi vighn badhaen nasht hon. durga ki pooja ke sath nootan snvath‌ ki pooja karen. ghar ko vandanavar se sajakar pooja ka mngal kary snpann karen. kalash sthapana aur ne mitti ke baratan men jau boen aur apane ghar men pooja sthal men rakhen. svasthy ko achchha rakhane ke lie nim ke ped ki konpalon ke sath misri khane ka bhi vidhan hai. isase rakt se snbndhit bimari se mukti milati hai.

kya karen

  1. ghar ko dhvaja, pataka, toran, bndanavar, phoolon adi se sajaen v agarabatti, dhoop adi se sugndhit karen.
  2. dinabhar bhajan-kirtan kar shubh kary karate hue anndapoorvak din vyatit karana chahie.
  3. sabhi jiv matr tatha prakriti ke lie mngal kamana karen.
  4. nim ki pattiyan khaen aur doosaron ko bhi khilaen.
  5. brahman ki archana kar lokahit men pyase logon ke lie pyaoo sthapit karana chahie.
  6. is din ne varsh ka pnchang ya bhavishyaphal brahman ke mukh se sunen.
  7. is din se 'durga saptashati' ya 'ramayan' ka nau-divasiy path arnbh karen.
  8. aj se paraspar katuta ka bhav mitakar samata-bhav sthapit karane ka snkalp lena chahie.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. gudi padava- hindoo navavarsh (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 29 mee, 2013.
  2. gudi padava ka mahattv (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 29 mee, 2013.

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