सर्वपितृ अमावस्या  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sarvapitri amavasya
pitripaksh
any nam 'pitrivisarjani amavasya', 'mahalay samapan', 'mahalay visarjan'.
anuyayi hindoo tatha pravasi bharatiy
uddeshy pitririn se mukti tatha ghar men dhan-dhany, sntan prapti v sukh-samriddhi hetu.
prarambh vaidik-pauranik
tithi ashvin mah ki amavasya tithi
dharmik manyata 'garudapuran' ke anusar vibhinn nakshatron men kiye ge shraddhon ka phal bhi bhinn-bhinn hota hai.
snbndhit lekh shraddh, pitripaksh, pitar, tarpan
vishesh vedon ke gyata, shrotriy, mntr adi ka vishisht gyan rakhane vale brahman hi shraddh grahan karane ke yogy mane jate hain.
any janakari 'sarvapitri amavasya' pitaron ko vida karane ki antim tithi hoti hai. 15 din tak pitri ghar men virajate hain aur ham unaki seva karate hain. 'sarvapitri amavasya' ke din sabhi bhoole-bisare pitaron ka shraddh kar unase ashirvad ki kamana ki jati hai.

sarvapitri amavasya ashvin mah ki amavasya ko kaha jata hai. ashvin mah ka krishn paksh vah vishisht kal hai, jisamen pitaron ke liye tarpan aur shraddh adi kiye jate hai. yadyapi pratyek amavasya pitaron ki tithi hoti hai, kintu ashvin mas ki amavasya 'pitripaksh' ke lie uttam mani gee hai. is amavasya ko 'sarvapitri amavasya' ya 'pitrivisarjani amavasya' ya 'mahalay samapan' ya 'mahalay visarjan' adi namon se jana jata hai. yoon to shastrokt vidhi se kiya hua shraddh sadaiv kalyanakari hota hai, parantu jo log shastrokt samast shraddhon ko n kar saken, unhen kam se kam ashvin mas men pitrigan ki maran tithi ke din shraddh avashy hi karana chahie.

pitaron ka kal

bhadrapad mah ke shukl paksh ki poornima se pitaron ka kal arambh ho jata hai. yah 'sarvapitri amavasya' tak rahata hai. jo vyakti pitripaksh ke pandrah dinon tak shraddh, tarpan adi nahin kar pate hain aur jin pitaron ki mrityu tithi yad n ho, un sabake shraddh, tarpan ityadi isi amavasya ko kiye jate hai. isalie sarvapitri amavasya ke din pitar apane pindadan evn shraddh adi ki asha se vishesh roop se ate hain. yadi unhen vahan pindadan ya tilanjali adi nahin milati to ve aprasann hokar chale jate hain, jisase age chalakar pitridosh lagata hai aur is karan anek kathinaiyon ka samana karana padata hai.[1]

pitar vida karane ki antim tithi

sarvapitri amavasya pitaron ko vida karane ki antim tithi hoti hai. 15 din tak pitri ghar men virajate hain aur ham unaki seva karate hain. 'sarvapitri amavasya' ke din sabhi bhoole-bisare pitaron ka shraddh kar unase ashirvad ki kamana ki jati hai. 'sarvapitri amavasya' ke sath hi 15 din ka shraddh paksh khatm ho jata hai. ashvin mah ke krishn paksh ki samapti ke bad agale din se 'navaratr' prarnbh hote hain. 'sarvapitri amavasya' par ham apane un sabhi priyajanon ka shradgh kar sakate hain, jinaki mrityu ki tithi ka gyan hamen nahin hai.[2] ve log jo kisi durghatana adi men mrityu ko prapt hote hain, ya aise log jo hamare priy hote hain kintu unaki mrityu tithi hamen gyat nahin hoti to aise logon ka bhi shraddh is amavasya par kiya jata hai.

mahalay shraddh

is amavasya par 'mahalay shraddh' bhi kiya jata hai. 'maha' se arth hota hai- 'utsav din' aur 'alay' se arth hai- 'ghar' arthat krishn paksh men pitaron ka nivas mana gaya hai. isalie is kal men pitaron ki tripti ke lie shraddh kie jate hain, jo 'mahalay' bhi kahalata hai. yadi koee parivar pitridosh se kalah tatha daridrata se gujar raha ho aur pitridosh shanti ke lie apane pitaron ki mrityu tithi maloom n ho to use sarvapitri amavasya ke din pitaron ka shraddh-tarpanadi karana chahie, jisase pitrigan vishesh prasann hote hain aur yadi pitridosh ho to usake prabhav men bhi kami ati hai.

shraddh ke lie brahman ki yogyata

vedon ke gyata, shrotriy, mntr adi ka vishisht gyan rakhane vale brahman shraddh grahan karane ke yogy mane jate hain. inhen hi bhojan karane ya dan dene se akshay phal ki prapti hoti hai. bhanje ko bhi bhojan karaya ya dan diya ja sakata hai. manyata hai ki ek bhanja sau vaman ke barabar hota hai. rogi, vikalang, mansahari, sharabi, charitrahin, kutsit karm men jute tatha avaishnav ko shraddh men bulana anuchit hai. pitri inako shradgh phal grahan karate dekhakar kasht pate hain.

til ka prayog

pitri kary men til ka prayog hi uchit mana gaya hai. shraddh kary men nimntrit brahmanon ko maun hokar bhojan karana chahie. bhojan lohe ke bartanon men nahin khilana chahie. shraddh karane vale ko saphed vastr hi pahanana chahie. sath hi baingan ki sabji bhojan men nahin honi chahie. sarvapitri shraddh aparahn men hi kiya jata hai. sath hi shraddh karane vale parivar ko prasannata evn vinamrata ke sath bhojan parosana chahie. snbhav ho to jab tak brahman bhojan grahan karen, tab tak purush sookt tatha pavaman sookt adi ka jap hote rahana chahie. bhojan kar chuke brahmanon ke uthane ke pashchath shraddh karane vale ko apane pitri se is prakar prarthana karani chahie-

dataro noabhivardhantan veda: sntatirev ch॥
shradgha ch no ma vyagamadh bahu deyn ch noastivati.

arthat "pitrigan ! hamare parivar men dataon, vedon aur sntanon ki vridghi ho, hamari ap men kabhi bhi shraddh n ghate, dan dene ke lie hamare pas bahut snpatti ho." isi ke sath upasthit brahmanon ki pradakshina ke sath unhen dakshina adi pradan kar vida karen. shraddh karane vale vyakti ko bache hue ann ko hi bhojan ke roop men grahan kar us ratri brahmachary vrat ka palan karana chahie. shraddh prapt hone par pitri, shraddh kary karane vale parivar men dhan, sntan, bhoomi, shiksha, arogy adi men vriddhi pradan karate hain.

puran ullekh

'manusmriti', 'yagyvalakyasmriti' jaise dharm grnthon men hi nahin, varanh puranon adi men bhi shraddh ko mahattvapoorn karm batate hue use karane ke lie prerit kiya gaya hai. 'garudapuran' ke anusar vibhinn nakshatron men kiye ge shraddhon ka phal nimn prakar milata[2] hai-

shraddh karm men pooja karate brahman
jalanjali deta vyakti
pindadan karate log
  1. krittika nakshatr men kiya gaya shraddh samast kamanaon ko poorn karata hai.
  2. rohini nakshatr men shraddh hone par sntanasukh
  3. mrigashira nakshatr men gunon men vriddhi
  4. ardra nakshatr men aishvary
  5. punarvasu nakshatr men sundarata
  6. pushy nakshatr men atulaniy vaibhav
  7. ashlesha nakshatr men dirghayu
  8. magha nakshatr men achchhi sehat
  9. poorvaphalguni nakshatr men achchha saubhagy
  10. hast nakshatr men vidya ki prapti
  11. chitra nakshatr men prasiddh sntan
  12. svati nakshatr men vyapar men labh
  13. vishakha nakshatr men vnsh vriddhi
  14. anuradha nakshatr men uchch pad pratishtha
  15. jyeshtha nakshatr men uchch adhikar bhara dayitv
  16. mool nakshatr men manushy arogy prapt karata hai.

pitririn se mukti ka sadhan

samanyat: jiv ke jarie is jivan men pap aur puny donon hote hain. puny ka phal hai svarg aur pap ka phal hai narak. apane puny aur pap ke adhar par svarg aur narak bhogane ke pashchath jiv pun: apane karmon ke anusar chaurasi lakh yoniyon men bhatakane lagata hai. jabaki punyatma manushy ya dev yoni ko prapt karate hain. at: bharatiy sanatan snskriti ke anusar putr-pautradi ka kartavy hota hai ki ve apane mata-pita aur poorvajon ke nimitt kuchh aise shastrokt karm karen, jisase un mrit praniyon ko paralok men athava any yoniyon men bhi sukh ki prapti ho sake. isalie bharatiy snskriti evn sanatan dharm men pitririn se mukt hone ke lie shraddh karane ki anivaryata bataee gee hai. vartaman samay men adhikansh manushy shraddh karate to hain, magar unamen se kuchh log hi shraddh ke niyamon ka palan karate hain. kintu adhikansh log shastrokt vidhi se aparichit hone ke karan keval rasmarivaj ki drishti se shraddh karate hain.

shastrokt vidhi se shraddh

shraddh poojan

vastut: shastrokt vidhi se kiya hua shraddh hi sarvavidhi kalyan pradan karata hai. at: pratyek vyakti ko shrriddhapoorvak shastrokt vidhi se shraddh sampann karana chahie. jo log shastrokt samast shraddhon ko n kar saken, unhen kam se kam ashvin mas men pitrigan ki maran tithi ke din shraddh karana chahie. yadyapi pratyek amavasya pitaron ki puny tithi hoti hai, lekin ashvin mas ki amavasya pitaron ke lie param phaladayi mani gee hai. is amavasya ko 'sarvapitri amavasya' athava 'mahalaya' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. jo vyakti pitripaksh ke pandrah dinon tak shraddh, tarpan adi nahin kar pate athava jin pitaron ki mrityu tithi yad n ho, un sabake nimitt shraddh, tarpan, dan adi isi amavasya ko kiya jata hai. shastriy manyata hai ki amavasya ke din pitar apane putradi ke dvar par pindadan evn shraddh adi ki asha se ate hain. yadi unhen vahan pindadan ya tilanjali adi nahin milati, to ve aprasann hokar chale jate hain, jisase jivan men pitridosh ke karan anek kathinaiyon aur vighn badhaon ka samana karana padata hai.

shraddh vidhi

shraddh karate log

shraddhakarta poorvabhimukh khada hokar hath men til, trikush aur jal lekar yathavidhi snkalp kar pnchabali danapoorvak brahman ko bhojan karae.

pnchabali vidhi

go-bali (patte par): mndal ke bahar pashchim ki or 'oon saurabheyy: sarvahita:' mntr padhate hue go-bali patte par den tatha 'idn gobhyo n mamh' aisa kahen.

shvan-bali

(patte par): ygyopavit ko knthi kar 'dvau shvanau shyam shabalau' mntr padhate hue kutton ko bali den 'idn shvabhyan n mamh' aisa kahen.

kak bali

(bhoomi par): apasavy hokar 'oon aidrevarun vayanya' mntr padhakar kauvon ko bhoomi par ann den. sath hi is mntr ko bolen–'idn vayasebhyo n mamh'.

devadi bali

(patte par): savy hokar 'oon deva: manushya: pashavo' mntr bolete hue devadi ke lie ann den tatha 'idamannn devadibhyo n mamh' kahen.

pipilakadi bali

(patte par): savy hokar 'pipilika kit patngakaya' mntr bolate hue thali men sabhi pakavan paros kar apasabhy aur dakshinabhimukh hokar nimn snkalp karen-


'adyaamuk amuk sharma varma, guptoahamook gotrasy mam pitu: matu: mahalay shraddhe sarvapitri visarjanamava syayan akshayatript rthamidamannn tasmai. tasyai va svadha.'

phir brahman bhojan ka snkalp nimn mntr se karana chahie-


'poorvochcharit snkalpasiddhayarth mahalay shraddhe yatha snkhyakan brahmanan bhojayishthe.'

aisa snkalp karake annadan ka snkalp jal pitritirth se niche chhod den. pun: poorvabhimukh hokar 'oon gotrn no vardhana datarn noabhivardhatamh' mntr se eeshvar se ashirvad ke lie prarthana karen tatha brahman ko bhojan karaen.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. kya hai sarvapitri amavasya ka mahattv (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 18 sitambar, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 samast pitaron ko naman (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 18 sitambar, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

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