नववर्ष  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

navavarsh
navavarsh
any nam naya sal, nyoo eeyar
anuyayi sabhi
uddeshy is din ke sath duniya ke zyadatar log apane ne sal ki shuruat karate hain.
tithi 1 janavari
prasiddhi 1 janavari ko manaya jane vala navavarsh darasal gregoriyan kailendar par adharit hai. isaki shuruat roman kailendar se huee hai.
any janakari ek anuman ke anusar akele bharat men hi qarib 50 kailendar (pnchang) hain aur inamen se kee ka naya sal alag dinon par hota hai.
navavarsh yani varsh ka pahala din 1 janavari ko manaya jata hai. is din ke sath duniya ke zyadatar log apane ne sal ki shuruat karate hain. ne ka atmabodh hamare andar naya utsah bharata hai aur ne tariqe se jivan jine ka sndesh deta hai. halanki ye ullas, ye utsah duniya ke alag-alag kone men alag-alag din manaya jata hai kyonki duniya bhar men kee kailendar hain aur har kailendar ka naya sal alag-alag hota hai. ek anuman ke anusar akele bharat men hi qarib 50 kailendar (pnchang) hain aur inamen se kee ka naya sal alag dinon par hota hai.
maya kailndar

itihas

1 janavari ko manaya jane vala navavarsh darasal gregoriyan kailendar par adharit hai. isaki shuruat roman kailendar se huee hai. parnparik roman kailendar ka navavarsh 1 march se shuroo hota hai. prasiddh roman samrat jooliyas sizar ne 47 eesa poorv men is kailendar men parivartan kiya aur isamen julaee mah joda. isake bad usake bhatije ke nam ke adhar par isamen agast mah joda gaya. duniya bhar men aj jo kailendar prachalit hai, use pop gregori ashtam ne 1582 men taiyar kiya tha. gregori ne isamen lip eeyar ka pravadhan kiya tha. eesaiyon ka ek any pnth 'eestarn arthodaauks charch' tatha isake anuyayi gregoriyan kailendar ko manyata n dekar parnparik roman kailendar ko hi manate hain. is kailendar ke anusar naya sal 14 janavari ko manaya jata hai. is kailendar ki manyata ke anusar jaaurjiya, roos, yarooshalam, sarbiya adi men 14 janavari ko navavarsh manaya jata hai.[1]

bharat men navavarsh

bharat kailaindaron ke mamale men kam samriddh nahin hai. is samay desh men vikram snvat, shak snvat, hijari snvat, phasali snvat, bangla snvat, bauddh snvat, jain snvat, khalasa snvat, tamil snvat, malayalam snvat, telugu snvat adi anek prachalit hain. inamen se har ek ke apane alag-alag navavarsh hote hain. desh men sarvadhik prachalit snvat vikram aur shak snvat hai. mana jata hai ki vikram snvat gupt samrat vikramadity ne ujjayani men shakon ko parajit karane ki yad men shuroo kiya tha. yah snvat 58 eesa poorv shuroo hua tha. vikram snvat chaitr mah ke shukl paksh ki pratipada se shuroo hota hai.
navavarsh ki shubhakamanaen
isi samay chaitr navaratr prarnbh hota hai. chaitr shukl pratipada ke din uttar bharat ke alava gudi padava aur ugadi ke roop men bharat ke vibhinn hisson men nav varsh manaya jata hai. sindhi log isi din cheti chndr ke roop men navavarsh manate hain. shak savnt ko shalivahan shak snvat ke roop men bhi jana jata hai. mana jata hai ki ise shak samrat kanishk ne 78 ee. men shuroo kiya tha. svatntrata ke bad bharat sarakar ne isi shak snvat men mamooli pherabadal karate hue ise rashtriy snvat ke roop men apana liya. rashtriy snvat ka nav varsh 22 march ko hota hai jabaki lip eeyar men yah 21 march hota hai.[1] chaitr shukla pratipada ko vikramiy snvat ki drishti se navavarsh manaya jata hai. braj men is din nim ki pati aur mishri khane ki parampara hai .

islamik kailendar ke anusar

islam dharm ke kailendar ko hijari sal ke nam se jana jata hai. isaka navavarsh moharram mah ke pahale din hota hai. hijari kailendar karbala ki ladaee ke pahale hi nirdharit kar liya gaya tha. moharram ke dasaven din ko ashoora ke roop men jana jata hai. isi din paigambar mohammad ke navase imam husain bagadad ke nikat karbala men shahid hue the. hijari kailendar ke bare men ek dilachasp bat yah hai ki isamen chndrama ki ghatati - badhati chal ke anusar dinon ka snyojan nahin kiya gaya hai. lihaja isake mahine har sal qarib 10 din pichhe khisakate rahate hain.[1]

any deshon men navavarsh

yadi bharat ke padosi desh aur desh ki purani sabhyataon men se ek chin men bhi apana ek alag kailendar hai. takariban sabhi purani sabhyataon ke anusar chin ka kailendar bhi chndrama ganana par adharit hai. isaka naya sal 21 janavari se 21 pharavari ke bich padata hai. chini varsh ke nam 12 janavaron ke nam par rakhe ge hain. chini jyotish men logon ki rashiyan bhi 12 janavaron ke nam par hoti hain. lihaja yadi kisi ki bndar rashi hai aur naya varsh bhi bndar a raha ho to vah sal us vyakti ke lie vishesh taur par bhagyashali mana jata hai. 1 janavari ko ab naye sal ke jashn ke rup men manaya jata hai. ek-doosare ki dekha-dekhi yah jashn manane vale shayad hi janate hon ki duniya bhar men poore 70 navavarsh manae jate hain. dilachasp bat yah hai ki aj bhi poori duniya kailendar pranali par ekamat nahin hain. ikkisavin shatabdi ke vaigyanik yug men insan antariksh men ja pahuncha hai, magar kahin soory par adharit, kahin chandrama par adharit to kahin soory, chandrama aur taron ki chal par dharmik manyataon ke anusar duniya men vibhinn kailendar pranaliyan lagoo hain. yahi vajah hai ki akele bharat men poore sal tis alag-alag nav varsh manae jate hain. duniya men sarvadhik prachalit kailendar ‘gregoriyan kailendar’ hai. jise pop gregari terah ne 24 pharavari, 1582 ko lagoo kiya tha. yah kailendar 15 aktoobar, 1582 men shuroo hua. isamen anek trutiyan hone ke bavajood bhi kee prachin kailendaron ko duniya ke vibhinn hisson men aj bhi manyata mili huee hain.[1]

vibhinn deshon men vibhinn navavarsh

japani nav varsh ‘ganatan-saeen’ ya ‘oshogatsoo’ ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. mahayan bauddh 7 janavari, prachin skaaut men 11 janavari, vels ke ivan vaili men nav varsh 12 janavari, soviyat roos ke rudhi़vadi charchon, arameniya aur rom men navavarsh 14 janavari ko hota hai. vahin seltik, koriya, viyatanam, tibbat, lebanan aur chin men nav varsh 21 janavari ko prarnbh hota hai. prachin ayaralaind men navavarsh 1 pharavari ko manaya jata hai to prachin rom men 1 march ko. bharat men nanak shahi kailendar ka nav varsh 14 march se shuroo hota hai. isake atirikt eeran, prachin roos tatha bharat men bahaee, telugoo tatha jamashedi (jorostriyan) ka naya varsh 21 march se shuroo hota hai. prachin briten men nav varsh 25 march ko prarnbh hota hai.

navavarsh ki shubhakamanaen

prachin phrans men 1 aprail se apana naya sal prarnbh karane ki parnpara thi. yah din 'aprail phool' ke rup men bhi jana jata hai. thaeelaind, barma, shrilnka, kambodiya aur lao ke log 7 aprail ko bauddh navavarsh manate hain. vahin kashmir ke log aprail men, bharat men vaishakhi ke din, dakshin-poorv eshiya ke deshon, bngaladesh, shrilnka, thaeelaind, kambodiya, nepal, bngal, shrilnka v tamil kshetron men, naya varsh 14 aprail ko manaya jata hai. isi din shrilnka ka rashtriy nav varsh manaya jata hai. sikhon ka naya sal bhi 14 aprail ko manaya jata hai. bauddh dharm ke kuchh anuyayi buddh poornima ke din 17 aprail ko naya sal manate hain. asam men navavarsh 15 aprail ko, parasi apana navavarsh 22 aprail ko, to bebiloniyan nav varsh 24 aprail se shuroo hota hai. prachin grik men nav varsh 21 joon ko manaya jata tha. prachin jarmani men naya sal 29 joon ko manane ki parnpara thi aur prachin amerika men 1 julaee ko. isi prakar arameniyan kailendar 9 julaee se prarnbh hota hai jabaki myanmar ka naya sal 21 julaee se shuroo hota hai.[1]

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 dvivedi, aparna. nav varsh ke vi‍bhi‍nh‍n roop (hindi) (e.es.pi) patr soochana karyalay, bharat sarakar. abhigaman tithi: 23 disambar, 2012.

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