सुहरावर्दिया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

suharavardiya rahasyavadiyon (soofiyon) ka ek muslim 'silasila'[1] hai, jo apane adhyatmik anushasan ki kathorata ke lie jana jata hai. is sampraday ki sthapana shekh shihabuddin umar suharavardi ne ki thi, kintu 1262 ee. men isake sudridh snchalan ka shrey shekh badaruddin jakariya ko hai, jinhonne multan men ek shanadar math ki sthapana ki tatha sindh evn multan ko mukhy kendr banaya. shekh bahauddin jakariya ke baba farid gnj-e-shakar se ghanishth sambandh the.

prasar

is silasile ki rasmi prarthanaon (zikr) se jude khuda ke sat nam hazaron japon par adharit hain. ye sat sookshm atmaon (lataif saba) aur sat roshaniyon se snbaddh hai. mukhy silasila afaganistan aur bharatiy upamahadvip men kendrit ho gaya tha. is silasile ki any shakhaen bad men pashchim ki or badhin. eeran men ‘umar ul khalvati’ dvara sthapit paramparavadi khalvatiya bhi kathoratapoorvak anushasit tha. yah bad men turki aur misr se bhi kee shakhaon men bnt gaya aur phaila. aradabil, eeran men safuddin dvara sngathit safaviya ne eerani safavi vnsh (1502-1736 ee.) aur kee turki shakhaon ko janm diya, jo 16vin sadi ki shuruat men aautoman shasakon ke viruddh sakriy the. aljiriyaee rahamaniya 18vin sadi ke doosare bhag men khalvatiya se vikasit hua, jab isake snsthapak ‘abd ar-rahaman al-gushtuli’ khalvati shraddha ka kendr ban ge.

snt parampara

suharavardi sampraday ke any pramukh snt the- jalaluddin tabariji, saiyyad surkh josh, burahan adi. sindh, gujarat, bngal, haidarabad evn bijapur ke kshetron men is silasile ka vyapak prachar-prasar hua.

snrakshan tatha anudan

is sampraday ne chishti sampraday ke viparit rajy snrakshan ko svikar kiya, bhautik jivan ka poorn parityag nahin kiya tatha jagir evn naqad dhanarashi ke roop men rajy se anudan prapt kiya. inake atirikt kuchh any silasilon jaise- shattari sampraday evn kadiri sampraday ki bhi sthapana huee. ayoobajid-al-vistami ne shattari silasile ki sthapana ki thi. shekh abdulla is silasile ke pramukh sant the. inaka mukhy kendr bihar tha. suharavardiya shakha men shekh moosa ek mahattvapoorn soofi snt hue, jo sadaiv stri ke vesh men rahate the tatha nrity aur sngit men apana samay vyatit karate the.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kisi bade mahatma ke shishyon ka anukram

snbndhit lekh

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