अबूबक्र खलीफा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg aboobakr ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- aboobakr (bahuvikalpi)

aboo bakr usman ke putr jinake upanam 'sik aur atik' bhi the. sunni musalaman inako char pramukh pavitr khaliphaon men agrani manaten hain. ye paignbar muhammad ke prarnbhik anuyayiyon men se the aur inaki putri ayasha paignbar ki chaheti patni thi. unhonne 40,000 diraham ki poonji se vyapar arnbh kiya tha jo us samay ghatakar 5000 diraham rah gee thi jab unhonne paignbar ke sath madina ko prasthan kiya. paignbar ki mrityu (joon,8,632 ee.) ke pashchath‌ madina ke adivasiyon ne ek sabha men lnbe vivad ke pashchath‌ aboo bakr ko paignbar ka khalipha (uttaradhikari) svikar kiya. ye us samay 60 varsh ke, ikahare sharir, kintu prabal sahas aur shaktivale vinamr vyakti the. unhen dekhakar guman bhi nahin hota tha ki vah apani do varsh aur tin mas ki khilaphat ki chhoti si avadhi men islam ke sabase bade khataron se bacha sakenge.[1]

paignbar ki mrityu hote hi makka, madina aur taif namak tin nagaron ke atirikt samast arab pradesh islam vimukh ho gaya. paignbar dvara lagae ge karon aur niyukt kie ge karmachariyon ka logon ne bahishkar kar diya. tin apramanik purush paignbar tatha ek apramanik stri paignbar apana prithakh‌ prachar karane lage. apane ghanishthatam mitron ke paramarsh ke viruddh aboo bakr ne vidrohi adivasiyon se samajhauta nahin kiya. 11 sainik daston ki sahayata se unhonne samast arab pradesh ko ek varsh men niyntrit kiya. musalaman nyayapnditon ne dharmaparivartan ke aparadh ke lie mrityudnd nishchit kiya, kintu aboo bakr ne un sab jatiyon ko kshama kar diya jinhonne islam aur usaki kendriy shakti ko pun: svikar kar liya.

padarohan ke ek varsh ke bhitar hi aboo bakr ne khalid (putr valid) ko, jo snsar ke sarvottam senapatiyon men se tha, agya di ki vah musanna namak senapati ke sath 18,000 sainik lekar irak par chadhaee kare. is sena ne eerani shakti ko anek ladaiyon men nasht karake babul tak, jo eerani samrajy ki rajadhani madain ke nikat tha, apana adhipaty sthapit kiya. isake bad khalid ne aboo bakr ke agyanusar irak se siriya ki or kooch kiya aur vahan marusthal ko par karake vah 30,000 arab sainikon se ja mila aur 1,00,000 bijntini sena ko philastin ke ajan daiin namak sthan par parast kiya (31 julaee, 634 ee.). kuchh hi dinon bad aboo bakr ka dehant ho gaya (23 agast, 624).

shasanavyavastha men aboo bakr ne paignbar dvara pratipadit garibi aur asani ke siddhanto ka anukaran kiya. unaka koee sachivalay aur najakiy kosh nahin tha. kar prapt hote hi vyay kar diya jata tha. vah 5,000 diraham salana svayn liya karate the, kintu apani mrityu se poorv unhonne is dhan ko bhi apani niji snpatti bechakar vapas kar diya.[2]

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 168 |
  2. sn.grn._ myor: kailiphet; urdoo tabari ke itihason ka anuvad, jaise ibne ahasir (haidarabad men mudrit) tatha ibne khaladoon.

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