कूच बिहार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kooch bihar pailes

kooch bihar bharat ke pashchim bngal prant ka ek nagar aur zila hai. yah torasa nadi ke kinare sthit hai aur tista tatha snkosh nadiyan brahmaputr men milane se pahale is zile se hokar guzarati hain. isaka nam koch namak qabailiyon ke adhar par pada hai, jinhen bad ko, khasakar unake rajaon ko kshatriy samajha jane laga. sanh 1586 se 1949 tak kooch bihar ek chhoti riyasat ke roop men tha.

itihas

kooch bihar kamaroop (asam) ke prachin hindoo shasakon ke rajy ka ek ang tha. bhaskar varma (lagabhag 600-650 ee.) ke kal men yah rajy karatoya tak phaila hua tha. lekin solahavin shatabdi ke arambh men vah kamaroop se alag ho gaya aur sthaniy koch logon ke mukhiya vishvasinh ke dvara sthapit naye rajy ki rajadhani kooch bihar ban gee.

is vnsh ka sabase bada raja vishvasinh ka putr aur usaka uttaradhikari naranarayan (1540-84 ee.) hua. isane asam ka kafi bada bhoo-bhag apane adhin kar liya aur adhunik rngapur zile ke dakshini anchal tak apani shakti ka vistar kiya. vah hindutv kala aur sahity ka bahut bada poshak tha. usane gauhati ke nikat kamakhya devi ke mandir ka phir se nirman karaya. yah mandir kala pahad namak muslim hamalavar dvara dhvast kar diya gaya tha. vah asam ke vaishnav dharm ka mahanh snsthapak shnkaradev ka snrakshak tha. hamalavar ki mrityu ke bad usake putr aur bhatije men uttaradhikar ka yuddh chhid gaya. usake putr ne apane ko bachane ke lie mugal badashah akabar ki adhinata svikar kar li. usaka rajy kafi arase tak mugalon ke adhin bana raha, kintu 1772 ee. men us par bhaton ne hamala kar diya. tatkalin raja ne bngal ke gavarnar varen hestings se sahayata ki mang ki. varen hestings ne kampani ke sainikon ki ek tukadi madad ke lie bhej di, jisane bhaton ko khadedakar unhen sndhi karane ke lie majaboor kar diya. kampani aur kooch bihar ke raja ke bich ek sndhi huee, jisake adhin raja ne eest indiya kampani ka snrakshan svikar kar liya aur isake badale men vah kampani ko varshik rajasv dene ke lie razi ho gaya.[1]

bharat men vilay

koochabihar 1938 ee. tak bngal ke gavarnar ke shasanantargat raha, kintu isake bad isaka niyntran eestarn stets ejensi ke supurd kar diya gaya. 1950 ee. men isaka vilay bharatiy ganatntr men hua aur yah pashchimi bngal ka ek zila ban gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bhattachary, sachchidanand bharatiy itihas kosh (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan, lakhanoo, prishth sn 98.

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