तोता  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"
tota

tota (angrezi:Parrot) ek ghareloo pakshi hai. tote ka vaigyanik nam sitakyoola kremari hai. yah chhote akar ka chharahara aur lnbi v patali poonchh vala bijabhakshi hai. tota, pakshiyon ke sitaisi gan ke sitaisidi kul ka pakshi hai, jo garam deshon ka nivasi hai. yah bahut sundar pakshi hai. yah hare rng ka 10-12 inch lnba pakshi hai, jisake gale par lal knth hota hai. tota bahut priy v sundar pakshi hai. yah sabaka manornjan karata hai. tota ek lokapriy pakshi hain. isaki avaz chhote bachche bhi pahachanate hain. yah manushyon ki boli ki naqal bakhoobi kar leta hai.

bhojan

tote ka mukhy bhojan phal aur tarakari hai, jise ye apane pnjon se pakadakar khate rahate hain. mukhyatah tote hari mirch ko bahut prem se khana pasand karate hai, aur kuchh phal jaise- amarud am bhi khate hai. tota ek shakahari pakshi hai. inaki udan nichi aur laharadar, lekin tez hoti hai. yah pakshiyon ke liye anokhi bat hai.

boli

tote ki boli kadi aur karkash hoti hai, lekin kuchh sikhae jane par tota ekapatnivrati pakshi hai. tote ki avaz tikhi krik krik krik, chahe ud raha ho ya baitha ho yah shor machata hi hai.

nivas sthan

tote jhund men rahane vale pakshi hain, jinake nar mada ek jaise hote hain. isaki mada ped ke kotar ya tanon men surakh katakar 1 se 12 tak safed ande deti hai. tote ke mukhy nivas sthan aaustreliya aur nyoozilaind hain, jahan ke anek prakar ke rngin tote prati varsh pakadakar videshon men bheje jate hain. tota poore bharat men kahin bhi asani se dikh jata hai chahe vah himalay ki taraee ho ya rajasthan ke kam pedon vale ilaqe, dakshin bharat se lekar uttar bharat ke maidani ilaqo tak pairakit duniya bhar ke sabhi garm ilaqon men pae jate hain. ye bharat aur shrilnka (bhootapoorv silon) se aaustreliya tatha prashant mahasagar ke dvipon, dakshin-poorv eshiya v ushnakatibndhiy amerika men bhi pae jate hain.

tote

kul v prajatiyan

tota pakshiyon ke sitaisi gan ke sitaisidi kul ka pakshi hai. tote bahut sakriy hote hain aur inhen kafi sthan ki avashyakata hoti hai. inamen se adhikansh any pakshiyon ke prati akramak hote hain. khasataur par agar ye jode men hon. halanki inaki avaz patali hoti hai, inamen se kuchh achchhe naqalachi ban jate hain. prakriti men svatntr roop se aur pakshigrihon men inaki kee rngon ki qismen tatha prajatiyon payi jati hai. chhote akar aur chaudi poonchh vale tote sefotas ki panch prajatiyan hain. jinaka koee vishesh samooh nam nahin hai. mada rozella nar ki apeksha sust hoti hai. pinjare men rakhane ke lie lokapriy pakshi rozella mazaboot aur sundar hote hain, lekin any prajatiyon ke prati ye bahut jhagadaloo hote hain.

pairakit bajarigar
tota

pinjare men pala jane vala lokapriy pairakit bajarigar ya shail pairakit (melositaikas anaduletas) hai. bhramavash ise lavabard bhi kaha jata hai. 19 senti mitar ka yah pairakit hare se lekar pitavarn tak saikadon rngon men paya jata hai, lekin inake galon par nishan aur sharir ke oopari hisse lagabhag ek saman hote hain. nar aur mada donon ek jaise dikhate hain, lekin mausam ke anusar unaki chonch ke adhar ke pas ki tvacha ka rng alag-alag ho sakata hai. bajarigar bijabhakshi hote hain.

prakriti

tote ki kuchh adaten nuqasanadayak hoti hain. yah hamare bahut as-pas rahata hai. shaharon-ganvon ke rihayashi ilaqo men bhi aram se rahata hai, tota zyadatar apane shoragul vale jhund men rahana pasnd karata hai. yah phalon ke bagon v fasalon ko bahut nukasan pahunchata hai. isaki prakriti hi aisi hai ki yah khata kam nuqasan zyada karata hai.

tota

visheshata

tote ki udan tez gati vali aur sidhi ek disha men hoti hai. yah ek lokapriy palatoo chidiyan hai. log ise pinjare men rakhana pasnd karate hain. yahi isaka durbhagy hai ki har sal bahut badi snkhya men chhote toton ko pakada aur becha jata hai. inaki sikhane ki pravritti bahut adhik hoti hai. tote men manushy ki avaz ki pich pakad kar lagabhag vaisa hi doharane ki kshamata hoti hai. yah khilone ko lod kar chalane jaisa kam bhi sikh jate hain, isaliye sarkas tatha zamin par tamasha dikhane vale is pakshi ka durupayog karate hain.

prajanan

tota aaustreliya ke ghas ke maidanon men vishal jhundon men rahate hain. ye ek sath prajanan karate hain aur ped ki khohon men sal men do bar chhah se ath ande dete hain. isake ande dene ka samay faravari se apral ke bich hota hai. inake ghonsale vaise to pedon ke kotaron men hote hain aur kisi tote ke chhode hue ghonsale men bhi ande de dete hain. rihayashi-gairarihayashi bildings ki divaron tatha oonchi chattanon ke surakh men bhi ye aram se ghonsala bana lete hain. tota ek bar men 4-6 ande dete hain aur zyadatar pakshiyon ki tarah nar v mada roj ringd perakit apani ghareloo zimmedari mil-jul kar nibhate hain. adhikansh prajatiyan ped ki khoh men ek bar men char se ath ande deti hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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