एकविद्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ekavidr jntuon ka ek gan (aaurdar) hai, jisamen ab do hi prakar ke jntu jivit hain jinake chitr is lekh men dikhae ge hain. angreji men is gan ka nam maaunotrimaita hai, jisaka arth hai ekavidr, arthath‌ ek chhidravale jntu (maauno = ek + trima = chhidr, vidr). snbhavat: inhen andajastani kahana adhik uchit hoga, kyonki bachche ande se nikalate hain aur nikalane par mata ke stan se doodh pite hain.

ekavidr andajastani prani any sabhi stanadhariyon se kuchh itane bhinn hain ki inake lie protothiriya namak ek alag upavarg ki kalpana karani padi hai jisamen keval varatachnch (dak bil, aauranithorinkas) tatha saknti (spaini aint-eetar, taikiglaausas tatha zaiglaausas) namak prani rakhe jate hain. ye stanadhari prani (maimal) hain, kyonki inake sare sharir par bal, poorn vikasit ur:prachir (dayaphraam), char veshmonvala hriday, keval bayan hi mahadhamani chap (eaautik arch), keval dntasthi ki hi bani adhohanvasthi (maindibil), shishuon ke poshan ke lie nari ke udar par upasthit stanagrnthiyan, sharir ka ekasam tap, tvacha men sved grnthiyan tatha tail grnthiyan, tin karnasthikaen tatha (snkatiyon men) parivalit (kanavolyooted) mastishk, aur bahari kan tatha karnapallav (pina) hote hain. vikas ki drishti se vartaman stanadhariyon men inaki sthiti sabase nimnakoti ki hai, kyonki inamen anek lakshan sarisripon ke se pae jate hain, jaise ansamekhala (pektoral gardil) men uronsyasthi (korakaauyad), pur:uronsyasthi (prikorakaauyad) tatha antarakshakasthi (intaraklaivikil) ka alag alag hona, graiv parshukaon (sarvikal ribs) ki upasthiti, kapal ki anek asthiyon ka sarisripon ki hi bhanti ka hona, dinbavahiniyon ka arnbh se ant tak alag alag hona aur avaskar veshm (kloekal chenbar) men alag alag janan radhraenn dvara khulana, adi. sabase pramukh tatha sabase adhik mahatvapoorn sarisripi lakshan hai, charmasadrish tatha anamy (lachila) avaran tatha paryapt andapit se yukt ande dena, jaisa any kisi bhi unnat stanadhari men nahin paya jata. inake is lakshan ke karan hi ham inhen andajastani kahate hain.

shh

varat chachu (aauranithorinkas)

in praniyon ke sir ka agala bhag tund ke roop ka hota hai aur praudhavastha men dant anupasthit rahate hain. stanagrnthiyon men choochuk nahin hote. nari men n to garbhashay hi hota hai aur n yoni hi. nar men vrishan udar men hi sthit rahate hain tatha shishn se keval shukranu bahar ate hain, mootr nahin. pachan tatha jananatntr alag alag chhidron dvara bahar n khulakar keval ek avaskar (guda) dvar hi bahar khulate hain. staniyon men ek yahi aise hain jinamen kravyangak (kairnkal) tatha andadnt (eg tooth) pae jate hain. jivashmon (faausils) ki anupasthiti men inake prachin itihas ke vishay men aisa anuman hai ki inaka udbhav snbhavat: raktashm (trayasik) yug men (ya isase bhi poorv) hua tha. ye prani aj astreliya, tasmaniya, nyoo gini tatha papua men hi shesh rah ge hain, aur vahan bhi snvabhat: isalie ki ek to bhaugolik drishti se inaka nivasasthal any bhoobhagon se alag tha aur doosare inake jivanayapan ke dhng men inaka pratispardhi doosara stanadhari us bhoobhag men nahin tha.[1]

andajastanin gan ke udaharan saknti (taikiglaausas) tatha prasaknti (zaikiglaausas) hain, jinaki pith par atmaraksha ke sadhanasvaroop balon ke sath hi anek prishthaknt hote hain. unake chhote tatha majaboot pairon ki anguliyon men, apane rahane ka vivar khodane aur apane ahar ke lie chintiyon aur dimakon ke bil khodane ke lie lnbe, tej tatha sudridh nakh hote hain. ek any udaharan ardhajalachari varatachnchu hain jo jal men dubaki lagakar apani batakh ki si chonch se ghonghe, sip, krimi tatha kathinivalkiyon ko kichad se nikalakar apane galon men bhar lata hai aur tat par banae hue apane vivar men jakar unake kavach adi todakar aram se unhen khata hai. varatachnchu gota lagane tatha tairane men bada hi kushal hota hai, jisake lie isake pairon ki anguliyan tvagbaddh hoti hain. isaka mulayam lomash charm (oornajin) tatha mans donon hi manushy apane upayog men lata hai. saknti (taikiglaausas)[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 2 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 207 |
  2. sn.grn.-ech.barel : d plaitipas; bedard : maimailiya.

snbndhit lekh

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