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ज़िका विषाणु  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

zika vishanu
zika vishanu
vivaran 'zika' ek khataranak vishanu hai. isake snkraman se aisi bimari ho rahi hai, jisase bachchon men mastishk ka vikas ruk jata hai aur unake mastishk ka akar bhi samany se chhota ho jata hai.
samuday grup IV
kul flaiviviride
vnsh pit vishanu
jati zika vishanu
any janakari san 1951 se 1981 ke madhy tak zika ka prakop madhy aphriki ganarajy, misr, gaibaaun, siera liyon, tnjaniya, yuganda se lekar bharat, indoneshiya, maleshiya, philipins, thaeelaind aur viyatanam sahit eshiya ke kuchh hisson men paya gaya tha.
zika (angrezi: Zika virus) ek khataranak vishanu hai. yah flaiviviride vishanu parivar se hai, jo din ke samay sakriy rahate hain. manav men yah mamooli bimari ke roop men jana jata hai, jise 'zika bukhar', 'zika' ya 'zika bimari' kahate hain. san 1947 ke dashak se is bimari ka pata chala. yah afrika se eshiya tak phaila hua hai. yah 2014 men prashant mahasagar se phrench paaulineshiya tak aur usake bad 2015 men yah maiksiko, madhy amerika tak bhi pahunch gaya. vishv svasthy sngathan ne bharat sahit un sabhi deshon ko chetavani jari ki hai, jahan edij machchharon ke vahak pae jate hain aur jo dengoo v chikunaguniya ko janm dete hain. edij aigipatae machchhar zika vishanu ko janm dete hain, jo dengoo aur chikunaguniya bhi phailata hai. donon hi bimariyan bharat jaise ushn katibndhiy deshon ke lie badi sarvajanik svasthy samasyaen hain.

itihas

zika vishanu flaiviviride[1] vishanu parivar aur phlaivivishanu[2] jins ka ek sadasy hai. yah vishanu din ke samay sakriy aidij machchharon dvara preshit hota hai. manushyon men is vishanu ko zika bukhar, zika ya zika rog ke roop men jana jata hai. zika vishanu sabase pahale vaigyanikon dvara yuganda ke zika van men aprail, 1947 men ek risas makak bndar se prithak kiya gaya tha. is bukhar ko 1952 men zika vishanu ke roop men varnit kiya gaya. yah vishanu manushyon men 1968 men naiziriya men pahali bar alag kiya gaya th. yah 1950 ke dashak se hi aphrika se eshiya tak ek snkirn ikvetoriyal belt ke bhitar phailata hai. varsh 2007 men pahali bar zika vishanu aphrika aur eshiya ke bahar maikroneshiya ke yap dvip samooh men paya gaya.

prabhavit kshetr

san 1951 se 1981 ke madhy is vishanu ka prakop madhy aphriki ganarajy, misr, gaibaaun, siera liyon, tnjaniya, yuganda se lekar bharat, indoneshiya, maleshiya, philipins, thaeelaind aur viyatanam sahit eshiya ke kuchh hisson men paya gaya. varsh 2014 men yah vishanu poorv ki or prashant mahasagar ke par phrench polineshiya tak, usake bad eestar dvip tak aur 2015 men maiksiko, madhy amerika, kairibiyan aur dakshin amerika, jahan zika prakop mahamari ke star tak pahunch gaya hai.

shishuon men janmadosh ka karan 'zika'

vishv svasthy sngathan ne machchhar janit vishanu ‘zika’ ke prasar ko lekar antararashtriy apat sthiti ghoshit kar di hai. garbhavati mahilaon ko is vishanu ke karan sabase adhik pareshani uthani padati hai. dablyoo.ech.o. pramukh ka kahana hai ki janm dosh men teji se badhotari ke lie zimmedar kaha ja raha ‘zika’ vishanu bhayavah dhng se phail raha hai. zika janm dosh aur maikrosephali jaisi mastishk snbndhi vikaron ke lie zimmedar hai. maikrosephali ke karan bachche asamany roop se chhote sir ke sath paida hote hain.

lakshan aur rog

jika vishanu se prabhavit shishu
  1. zika vishanu se snkraman ke am lakshan- halke siradard, lal chakatte, bukhar, bechaini, knjaktivaitis aur jodon men dard shamil hain.
  2. yah vishanu mukhy roop se bndaron aur insanon ko prabhavit karata hai.
  3. maikrosephali rog ke lie bhi yah vishanu uttaradayi hota hai. is rog se dimag ka vikas nahin ho pata.
  4. snkramit vayaskon men tntrika snbndhi avastha, jaise ki gullain barre[3] sindrom ke lie bhi yah vishanu zimmedar hona paya gaya hai.

hastantaran

  • zika vishanu, aidij ejipti machchhar jo ki din ke samay men sakriy hote hain, se phailata hai. isake alava yah vrikshavasi machchharon[4] se bhi phailata hai.
  • yah vishanu yaun snpark ke madhyam se manushyon ke bich visthapit ho sakata hai. yah nal par kar ek ajanme bhroon ko prabhavit kar sakata hai. pahale se hi prasav ke samay ke nikat ek man zika vishanu usake navajat shishu ko parit kar sakati hai, lekin yah durlabh hai.

rokatham v upachar

isake rokatham ke lie koee tika ya dava upalabdh nahin hai. isaka ilaj aram karake, taral padarth kha kar aur perasitamol ki dava le kar kiya ja sakata hai. espirin aur any gair sterayadal virodhi bhadakaoo davaon ka istemal tabhi hota hai, jab dengoo ki snbhavana se inkar kar diya gaya hai, aisa rakt srav ke jokhim ko kam karane ke lie karate hain.

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. Flaviviridae
  2. flavivirus
  3. Guillain-Barre
  4. jaise ki Aapicoargenteus, Afurcifer, A hensilli, A luteocephalus aur A vitattus

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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