घोड़ा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ghoda vishay soochi
ghoda
ghoda
jagat jiv-jntu
sngh kaaurdeta (Chordata)
varg memeliya (Mammalia)
gan artiodaktayala (Artiodactyla)
kul eekyoodi (Equidae)
jati eekvas (Equus)
prajati ee. pheras (E. ferus)
dvipad nam eekvas pheras (Equus ferus)
vishesh vivahotsav aur dharmik jalooson men saje-dhaje ghodon ko dekhakar utsah ka snchar ho jata hai. guru govind sinh jaynti, maharana pratap jaynti aur ramanavami ke shubh avasar par susajjit ashv bharatiy janamanas men prachin gaurav ko jagrit kar viratv ko utpann karate hain.
any janakari hathi aur oont ki bhanti ghoda bhi upayogi pashu hai. snskrit men ise 'ashv' aur angrezi men 'haaurs' (Horse) kaha jata hai. ghoda manushy se snbndhit snsar ka sabase prachin palatoo stanaposhi prani hai, jisane agyat kal se manushy ki kisi n kisi roop men seva ki hai.

ghoda (angrezi: Horse) manushy se snbndhit snsar ka sabase prachin palatoo stanaposhi prani hai, jisane agyat kal se manushy ki kisi n kisi roop men seva ki hai. ghoda eekyoodi[1] kutunb ka sadasy hai. is kutunb men ghode ke atirikt vartaman yug ka gadha, zebara, bhot-khar, tattoo, ghod-khar evn khachchar bhi hain. adinootan yug[2] ke eeyohippas[3] namak ghode ke pratham poorvaj se lekar aj tak ke sare poorvaj aur sadasy isi kutunb men sammilit hain.

parichay

ghode ka vaigyanik nam eekvas[4] laitin shabd se liya gaya hai, jisaka arth ghoda hai, parntu is kutunb ke doosare sadasy eekvas jati ki hi doosari chh: upajatiyon men vibhajit hai. at: keval eekvas shabd se ghode ko abhihit karana uchit nahin hai. aj ke ghode ka sahi nam eekvas kaibelas[5] hai. isake palatoo aur jngali snbndhi isi nam se jane jate hain. jngali snbndhiyon se bhi yaun snbndh sthapit karane par banjh sntan nahin utpann hoti. kaha jata hai, aj ke yug ke sare jngali ghode unhin palatoo ghodon ke poorvaj hain jo apane sabhy jivan ke bad jngal ko chale ge aur aj jngali mane jate hain. yadyapi kuchh log madhy eshiya ke pashchimi mngoliya aur poorvi turkistan men milane vale eekvas prajvelaski[6] namak ghode ko vastavik jngali ghoda manate hain, tathapi vastut: yah isi palatoo ghode ke poorvajon men se hai.

itihas

ghode ko palatoo banane ka vastavik itihas agyat hai. kuchh logon ka mat hai ki 7,000 varsh poorv dakshini roos ke pas aryon ne pratham bar ghode ko pala. bahut se vigyanavettaon aur lekhakon ne isake ary itihas ko bilkul gupt rakha aur isake palatoo hone ka sthan dakshini poorvi eshiya men kaha, parntu vastavikata yah hai ki annt kal poorv hamare ary poorvajon ne hi ghode ko palatoo banaya, jo phir eshiya se yoorop, misr aur shanai: shanai: amarika adi deshon men phaila. snsar ke itihas men ghode par likhi gee pratham pustak shalihotr hai, jise shalihotr rishi ne mahabharat kal se bhi bahut samay poorv likha tha. kaha jata hai ki 'shalihotr' dvara ashv-chikitsa par likhit pratham pustak hone ke karan prachin bharat men pashuchikitsa vigyan[7] ko 'shalihotr shastr' nam diya gaya. mahabharat yuddh ke samay raja nal aur pandavon men nakul ashv vidya ke prakand pndit the aur unhonne bhi shalihotr shastr par pustaken likhi thin. shalihotr ka varnan aj snsar ki ashv chikitsa vigyan par likhi gee pustakon men diya jata hai. bharat men anishchit kal se deshi ashv chikitsak ko 'shalihotri' kaha jata hai.

sharirik visheshataen

10,00,000 varsh poorv se ab tak manushy ne apani buddhi ke anusar ghode ko palatoo banaya aur anyany achchhi achchhi naslon ko paida kiya. bojha khinchane, ghudadaud men daudane, savari karane aur rath adi men chalane vale alag alag prakar ke ghodon ki utpatti huee hai. videshon men ghodon ke nam unake jivanakram ke anusar die ge hain. bharat men ghodon ko unake rng tatha vnsh ke anusar mushki, arabi adi nam die jate hain.

nasl

bharat raja-maharajaon ka desh raha hai. aj bhi desh ke kee hisson men raj gharane maujood hain. in raja-maharajaon ke jamane men am adami ke lie savari ki badi samasya thi, us samay rajagharane hi ghodon se chalate the. jaise-jaise trend badala vaise hi adaten aur taur tarike bhi badalate chale ge. jab desh men gadiyon ka prachalan badha to savari ki samasya bhi kam hoti chali gayi. jo rajagharane ghodon ka istemal karate the vo bhi ab gadiyon se chalane lage the. lekin ghodon ke prati lagav kam nahin hua. behatar nasl vale ghodon ko phauj men istemal kiya jane laga. jo log ghoda palan karate hain, vah achchhi kamaee karate hain. ghoda palan karane vale log inaka vanijyik istemal karane lage. yani behatarin nasl vale ghodon ko palakar unako ghudasavari ke shauqin, khel men istemal karane ke lie bechate hain.[8]

mahattvapoorn tathy

ghode se jude kuchh mahattvapoorn tathy nimnalikhit hain[9]-

  1. ghodon ki lagabhag 300 se jyada naslen hain. arabi nasl ko ghodon ki sabase purani jivit nasl mana jata hai, lagabhag 4500 sal purani. doosare ghodon ki bajay arabi ghodon ki pasali men ek haddi kam hoti hai.
  2. ghodon par likhi huee pahali pustak ‘shalihotrasnhita‘ hai. ye pustak shalihotr rishi ke dvara mahabharat kal se bhi pahale likhi gee thi.
  3. ghode khade-khade so sakate hain, kyonki unake agale aur pichhale pair ki banavat is tarah hoti hai ki vah aram karate hue bhi nahin girenge. sote to ye let kar bhi hain, lekin let kar sone se unake pet ke angon par dabav padata hai jo unake lie hanikarak hai.
  4. ghode ke dant bahut bade hote hain. dant usake dimag ke mukabale jyada jagah gherate hain. ghode ki umr aur usake knkal ki pahachan (ghoda hai ya ghodi) usake danton ko ginakar hi pata lagati


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. Equidae
  2. Eosin period
  3. Eohippus
  4. Equus
  5. Equus caballus
  6. Equus przwalski
  7. Veterinary Science
  8. is nasl ke ghodon ki kimat hoti hain lakhon men... (hindi) hindi.krishijagran.com. abhigaman tithi: 10 janavari, 2018.
  9. ghodo ke bare men 25 gazab tathy (hindi) gazabhindi.com. abhigaman tithi: 11 janavari, 2018.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

ghoda vishay soochi

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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