फ़ेज़ेंट  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"
fezent

phaisienidi parivar (gun gailiphaaurmiz) ka koee bhi pakshi, jo bater ya chakor se bada hota hai. apane any rishtedaron (chakor, bater, phrainkolin, grauz aur tarki) ke sath ise aksar shikari pakshi bhi kaha jata hai aur ye arthik mahattv vale pakshi samooh ka nirman karate hain, jisaka manushyon ke sath nikat snbndh raha hai. fezent madhyam akar ke pakshiyon ka samooh hai, jo svabhavat: bhoomichar hote hain, inaka sir apekshakrit chhota, nathune dhnke hue, mazaboot pnkhavihin pair, jisamen char ungaliyan hoti hain, tin samane aur ek chhoti pichhe ki or. ling ke adhar par nar-mada ke akar-prakar men spasht bhed hote hain, halke rng vali mada ke mukabale nar bhadakile rngon se yukt hote hain. fezenton men ithajinis (lal fizent) aur traigopaaun ko chhodakar any sabhi men pnkh kendrabhimukh tariqe se jhadate hain (lnbi poonchh ka sabase bahari pnkh pahale aur kramash: andar ke pnkh jhadate hain). fezent udane men mahir nahin hote hain aur zyadatar udane ki bajay hava men tairate hain.

fezent rngin pakshi hote hain aur inake rng kee rngo ke dhatuee mishran, jaise monal men chamakadar raktabh lal rng par safed dhabbe, jaise traugopaaun men ya mor aur mayoor fezent ke netravat namoonon se yukt pnkh jaise ho jate hain. mor ki lnbi poonchh vikhyat hai. ausat rngin prajatiyan hain- hyoomas fezent (siraimetikas), chiar (katreas) aur chamakadar kala fezent (kalij). jahan bhi fezent ki ankhon ke charon or nagn tvacha hoti hai aur visheshataya prajanan kal men yah chamakadar rngon se yukt hoti hai. kuchh nar fezenton men kalagi (mor, himalayi monal, chiar aur kalij) aur mansal ubhar (sing aur lalari) hote hain, jo prajanan kal men pradarshan ke dauran adhik vikasit ho jate hain. naron se ye sabhi sharirik lakshan sathi ke chunav men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhate hain.

fezent eshiyaee mool ke pakshi hain aur ek ko chhodakar sabaka eshiya men hi udbhav hua hai. ekamatr gair eshiyaee prajati afrika men paya jane vala kango mor (afopaivo kanajenesis) hai.

bharat men fezent

fezent

poorvi himalay ek udbhav kendr hai, jahan se fezent sabhi dishaon men phaile hain. vishv men fezent ki 51 gyat prajatiyan hain, jinamen se 21 dakshin eshiya men paee jati hain, ye 21 prajatiyan 12 vnshon men samahit hain, jinamen se do suparichit hain- mor (paivo) aur jngali murgi (gailas), lal jngali murgi (gailas gailas) ko sabhi ghareloo murgiyon ka poorvaj mana jata hai.

avas

kuchh apavadon ko chhodakar fezent samanyat: vanavasi hote hain, ye vibhinn prakar ke avas kshetron men pae jate hain. jaise nichale kshetron ke patajhad vale jngalon men (sleti jngali murgi, lal jngali murgi), uposhn katibndhiy vanon men (kaaulin, mor), shitoshn vanon (traigopaaun, kokalas) aur upalpiy ya alpiy vanon men (monal aur lal fezent). chiar jaisi kuchh prajatiyan parvatiy ghas ke maidanon men bhi paee jati hain. moolat: bhoomichar hone ke karan adhikar fezent ghani jhadiyon vala kshetr pasnd karate hain jahan ve chhip saken aur ashray le saken, adhikansh fezent pedon par vishram karate hai.

fezent

ahar

fezent ka ahar alag-alag tarah ka hota hai, lekin ye adhikanshat: shakahari hote hain. ahar ka ek chhota hissa akasheruki praniyon ka bhi ho sakata hai aur badi prajatiyan chhipakali tatha chhote sanpon ka bhi shikar kar leti hain.

fezent (monal) kndamool ke lie apani chonch se zamin khodate hain ya vanaspati aur kachare ko kuredate (jngali murgi aur kalij) hain. adhikansh bhojan mausami upalabdhata ke anusar tay hota hai aur unake ahar men kee tarah ke paudhon se pata chalata hai ki ve kee prakar ke aharon men se chunav kar sakate hain. choozon ko unake janm ke bad kuchh saptah tak jntu-protin ki zaroorat hoti hai aur isilie unake ahar ka bada anupat jntuon ka hota hai, andon se choozon ke nikalane ka samay amataur par unake avas men akasheruki praniyon ki adhikata ke samay hota hai, jisase unake jivit rahane ki snbhavana badh jati hai.

prajanan

fezent kee prakar ki sahavas paddhatiyon ka upayog karate hain, jaise ekagami (chiar) se bahugami (monal, lal jngali murgi) aur lekking (mor) tak. adhikansh mamalon men nar mada ko rijhane ke lie pradarshan karata hai, sathi ke chunav ke bad kuchh prajatiyan sath-sath (chiar, traigopaaun) apane kshetron ki raksha karati hain, jo mukhyat: avaze nikalakar ya kabhi-kabhi yuddh dvara ki jati hai. ghonsale sadharan hote hain aur zamin ke gaddhon men kuchh tahaniyan aur ghas dalakar banae jate hain. kuchh prajatiyon (traigopaaun) men pedon par bhi ghosale banaye jate hai. himalay par milane vali prajatiyan aprail se joon ke bich aur nimn ilaqon ki prajatiyan isase pahale hi ande deti hain, andon ki snkhya prajati ke anusar 3 se 14 tak ho sakati hain. prajati tatha andon ke akar par nirbhar chooze tin se char saptah men bahar a jate hain.

janm ke turnt bad bachche ghonsale se bahar chale jate hain. vayaskon ke saman pnkh nikalane men choozon ko ek sal (mada) ya isase adhik samay bhi (nar) lag sakata hai.

fezent

khatare

bharat men vibhinn karanon se inaki 13 prajatiyon ke vilupt hone ka khatara hai. akar men bade aur spasht roop se sundar hone ke karan fezent manushyon dvara mare jate hain. fezenton ko adhikansh khatara manushyon ki nirntar badhati huee abadi se hai, fezenton par isaka pratikool prabhav pada hai. bhoomi ke vaikalpik upayog, krishi yogy bhoomi ke aniyojit vistar aur vanijyik ya sthaniy upabhog ke lie jngalon ki kataee se pahadon aur maudanon men sthit inaka avas kshetr sikud gaya hai. fezenton ki snkhya par shikar par bhi asar pada hai. halanki yah moolat: guzare ke lie kiya jata hai, lekin bade paimane par aisa karane se prajatiyon ke vilupt hone ka bhi khatara paida ho jata hai. fezenton ki mor, bhoori jngali murgi aur visheshakar himalayi monal prajati ka rngin pnkhon ke lie shikar kiya jata hai jisaka pnkhe, machhali pakadane ki naqali makkhi banane aur topi men sajavat karane men upayog hota hai. any khatare hain- krishi kshetron ke asapas rahane vali prajati (mor) ko kitanashakon se vishaktata aur anuvanshik pradushan (lal jngali murgi ka ghareloo prajati se snkaran), jo inake snrakshan ke lie badi chunauti hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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