गिरगिट  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

giragit

giragit sarisrip parivar kaimeliyonatidi ka ek sadasy hai, yah puravishv ka ek samooh hai. giragit pedon par rahane vali chhipakaliyan, jo mukhyat: apane sharir ke rng badalane ki kshamata, yugmit angulikaon (viparit disha men do ya tin ke samuh men yugmit); agr dntamala (jabade ki chhor par uge dant) aur ek lambi, patali tatha phail sakane vali jibh ke lie jani jati hain. nakali giragit ya enol, jo nee duniya ki iguanide parivar ki chhipakali ko bhi giragit ki sngya di jati hai.

prajatiyan

asali giragit do jatiyon varnit hain: brookesiya (19 prajatiyan) aur kaimeliyo (70 prajatiyan). inamen se lagabhag adhi prajatiyan sirf maidagaskar men paee jati hai; any prajatiyan amataur par afrika men sahara ke dakshin men milati hain. pashchimi eshiya men do prajatiyan paee jati hain, ek dakshin bharat aur shrilnka (bhootapoorv silon) men aur doosari prajati (yooropiy giragit, kaimeliyo kaimaliyaaun) nikat poorv se pashchim ki or uttari afrika se lekar dakshini spen tak paee jati hai.

adhikansh giragit 17-25 semi lnbe hote hain; adhikatam lnbaee 60 semi tak ho sakati hai. sharir donon or se chapata hota hai; kuchh prajatiyon men kabhi-kabhi ghumavadar poochhn bhi paee jati hai. giragit ki bahar or nikali huee ankhen ek-doosare se bhinn disha men ghoom sakati hain. koochh giragiton ka sir helamet ke akar ka hota hai.

kuchh prajatiyon ke sir par suspasht sajavat hoti hai, jisamen samane ki or nikale hue tin tak sing ho sakate hain. aisi snrachanaen adhik spashtata se ya keval nar giragiton men hi paee jati hain. kam se kam kuchh prajatiyan to apane kshetr ki raksha karati hain:

  • pramukh nar apane sharir ko phailakar
  • apane gale ko phulakar aur sir ki kalagiyon ko khada kar ya hilakar apane ilake men ghusane vale doosare nar ko chetavani deta hai. agar yah pradarshan ko rokane men saphal nahin hota, to rakshak us par hamala karata hai aur jabade chatakata hai.

visheshata

pratyek prajati ragon ki vishesh shrinkhala men apana rng parivartit kar sakati hai. yah prakriya svachalit tntrika tntr dvara niyntrit rng ke kanon se bhari koshikaon (melanofor koshikaon) men kanon ke phailav ya jamana se hoti hai. kee giragit tezi se apani tvacha par usake rng se kam ya zyada gahare hare, pile, doodhiya ya gahare bhoore rng ke dhabbe dal sakate hain. rng parivartan prakash aur tapaman jaise paryavaraniy karakon, bhay ya doosare giragit ke sath yuddh men jitane ya parajit hone se utpann bhavanaon se prabhavit hota hai. yah ek am bhranti hai ki giragit prishthabhoomi se apana rng milane ke lie rng badalate hain.

bhojan

inaka pramukh bhojan kit hain, lekin bade giragit pakshiyon ko bhi kha jate hain. adhikansh prajatiyan ande deti hain aur vriksh ya jhadi par apane nivas sthan se utarakar ek bar men do se chalis tak ande, mitti ya sadati huee lakadiyon men daba deti hain. andon se bachche nikalane men tin mahine ka samay lagata hai. dakshin afrika ki kuchh prajatiyan bachchon ko hi janm deti hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh


snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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