bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

कुत्ता  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kutta

kutta athava shvan stanadhariyon ki kainis (Canis) jati ka pashu hai. manushy ne sarvapratham ise hi palatoo banaya. usane yah kary kab prarnbh kiya, isaka thik pata nahin lagata. kintu yah nishchit hai ki ye jiv bhedie aur siyar se vikasit kie ge hain. pahale bhediya palatoo kiya gaya, phir usase aur siyar se kutton ki jatiyan nikalin. purapashan yug ke guphachitron men, jo lagabhag 50 hajar varsh poorv ke anuman kie jate hain, kutton ka chitran milata hai. katipay guphaon ke chitr se pata chalata hai ki yoorop ke navastar yug ke adimanav bhediyon jaise koee jntu apane sath rakhate the, jo snbhavath‌: hamare kutton ke poorvaj rahe honge. isi prakar kansy yug tatha lauh yug men bhi adivasiyon ke pas kutton ke hone ka pata chalata hai.

itihas

misr ke char panch hajar varsh poorv ke bhittichitron se kutton ki kee jatiyon ka parichay milata hai, jinamen lnbi tangon vale gre haund aur chhoti tangon vale teriyar kutte pramukh hain. lagabhag 600 eesa poorv asiriya ke log maistik jati ke kutte palate the. yoonan aur rom ke prachin sahity se pata chalata hai ki log vahan bhi kutte palane men kisi se pichhe nahin the. svitjaralaind aur ayaralaind ke adivasi bhi kheti karane se pahale kutte palate the jinase ve shikar aur rakhavalon men sahayata lete the tatha inake mans ka bhi sevan karate the. bharat men kutte rigved kal se hi pale jate rahe hain. rigved men kutte ko manushy ka sathi kaha gaya hai. rigved men ek katha hai ki indr ke pas sarama namak ek kutiya thi. use indr ne brihaspati ki khoee huee gayon ko dhoondhane ke lie bheja tha. usamen shyam aur shabal namak kutton ka ullekh hai; unhen yamaraj ka rakshak kaha gaya hai. mahabharat ke anusar ek kutta yudhishthir ke sath svarg tak gaya tha. mohan jodado se prapt mritbhandon par kutton ke anek chitr prapt hote hai. unamen unake un dinon pale jane ka parichay milata hai.

svamibhakt janavar

kutta kartavyaparayan aur svamibhakt janavar samajha jata hai. use ajakal log chaukidari karane ki drishti se palate hain. kuchh kism ke kutte shaukiya athava shikar ke liye pale jate hain. pulis vibhag aparadhiyon ko pakadane aur chori ka pata lagane ke lie kutton se sahayata leti hai. is kam ke yogy banane ke lie ve vishesh roop se prashikshit kie jate hain. bharatiy pulis bhi ab apane kam men kutton ki sahayata lene lagi hai. kutte any prakar se bhi upayogi hain. dhruv ki yatra kabhi saphal n ho pati yadi eskimon aur aleskan kutte barph par gadi khinchakar us kshetr men bhojan n pahunchate. upayog ko dhyan men rakhakar kutton ki chhah shreniyan pashu visheshgyon ne mana hai. unamen sabhi prakar ke kutte ate hain.

vishesh lakshan

kutte chhote bade sabhi prakar ke hote hain. inaki sunane aur soonghane ki shakti badi tivr hoti hai. blad haunt (Bluood Hound) jati ke kutte to kisi ka padachihn 48 ghnte bad soonghakar usake pas pahunch jate hain. kutton ki dekhane ki shakti manushyon se durbal hoti hai. ve keval safed, kali aur sleti vastuen hi dekh sakate hain. kuchh jati ke kutte aj bhi jngalon men pae jate hain. inamen astreliya ka dingo aur bharat ke sonaha aur dol pramukh hain. aphrika men bhi kuchh jngali kutte pae jate hain. inaka palatoo kutton ke sath laingik snbndh hote to dekha gaya hai kintu ve palatoo nahin banae ja sakate.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kutta (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 12 disambar, 2013.

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