सियार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

siyar
siyar
jagat jiv-jantu (Animalia)
sngh kaaurdeta (Chordata)
varg stanadhari (Mammalia)
gan karnivora (Carnivora)
kul kainidi (Canidae)
jati kainis (Canis)
prajati oriyas (aureus)
dvipad nam kainis oriyas (Canis aureus‌)
snbndhit lekh gidad, bhediya
any janakari kainis oriyas ke atirikt siyar ki do any prajati kainis mesomelas (Canis mesomelas) aur kainis edastas (Canis adustus) hain.

siyar athava shiyar lomadi ki tarah dikhane vala ek janavar hai. yah bharat ke jngalon aur ganne adi ke kheton men amataur se paya jane vala madhyam akar ka pashu hai. siyar shvan vnsh kainis ki bhediya jaisi vibhinn mansahari prajatiyon men se ek, kainidi kul ka lakadabagghe ke saman, darapok janavar ke roop men prasiddh hai.

prajati

samanyat: isaki tin prajatiyon ki pahachan ki gee hai-

  1. sunahara ya ishiyaee siyar (si. oriyas), jo poorvi yoorop aur poorvottar afrika se dakshin-poorvi eshiya tak paya jata hai.
  2. kala pith vala (si. mesomelas)
  3. bagalon men dhari vala (si. edastas) siyar, jo dakshini tatha poorvi afrika men pae jate hain.

akar evn rng-roop

siyar lagabhag 85 se 95 semi ki lnbaee tak badhate hain, jisamen unaki 30-35 semi lnbi poonchh shamil hai. inaka vazan lagabhag 7-11 kigra hota hai. sunahara siyar pitavarni hota hai. kali pith vale siyar ka rng dhoosar lal aur pith kali hoti hai. bagalon men dhari vale siyar ka rng sleti hota hai aur isaki poonchh ki chhor safed hoti hai tatha donon taraf aspasht dhari hoti hai.

avas evn bhojan

siyar khule ilaqon men nivas karate hain. ye nishachar prani din ke samay samanyat: ghani jhadiyon men chhipe rahate hain aur soory ke doobane ke bad shikar ke lie nikalate hain. ye akele, jodon men ya jhndon men rahate hain aur jo bhi chhota janavar, vanaspati ya sada-gala mans inhen milata hai, ye usi par guzara kar lete hain. ye sinhon aur any bade vidalon ka pichha karate hain tatha unake dvara shikar ke bhojan ke bad bache hue mans ko khate hain. jab se jhundon men shikar karate hain, to hiran, barahasinga ya bhed jaise bade jntu ko bhi mar girate hain.

prajanan

apane vnsh ke any sadasyon ki tarah siyar sham ke samay avazen nikalate hain. lakadabagghe ke muqabale inaki chikh manushyon ko kam pareshan karati hai. inaki poonchh ke adhar ke pas sthit ek grnthi se nikalane vale strav ke karan inase ek durgndh ati hai. yah zamin men bane hue bilon ya khohon men bachche dete hain aur ek bar men inake do se sat shavak janm lete hain. garbhavadhi 57 se 70 dinon ki hoti hai. bhediyon aur kaiyot (uttar ameriki bhediya) ke saman siyar bhi palatoo kutton ke sath antar- prajanan karate hain. hainenidi kul ke bhoo-vrik ko kabhi-kabhi med ya dhoosar siyar kaha jata hai. dakshin ameriki lomadi ko bhi kabhi-kabhi siyar ki sngya di jati hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  • pustak- bharat gyanakosh khnd-6, prishth snkhya- 70

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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