bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

कीट  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kit vishay soochi
kit
vibhinn prakar ke kit
vivaran kit pray: chhota, rengane vala, khndon men vibhajit sharir vala aur bahut-si tangon vala ek prani hain.
jagat jiv-jntu
up-sngh heksapoda (Hexapoda)
kul insekta (Insecta)
lakshan inaka sharir khndon men vibhajit rahata hai jisamen sir men mukh bhag, ek jodi shrringikaen, pray: ek jodi snyukt netr aur bahudha saral netr bhi pae jate hain.
jatiyan praniyon men sabase adhik jatiyan kiton ki hain. kiton ki snkhya any sab praniyon ki sammilit snkhya se chhah guni adhik hai. inaki lagabhag das barah lakh jatiyan ab tak gyat ho chuki hain. pratyek varsh lagabhag chhah sahastr nee jatiyan gyat hoti hain aur aisa anuman hai ki kiton ki lagabhag bis lakh jatiyan snsar men vartaman men hain.
avas kiton ne apana sthan kisi ek hi sthan tak simit nahin rakha hai. ye jal, sthal, akash sabhi sthanon men pae jate hain. jal ke bhitar tatha usake oopar tairate hue, prithvi par rahate aur akash men udate hue bhi ye milate hain.
akar kiton ka akar pray: chhota hota hai. apane sookshm akar ke karan ve vahut labhanvit hue hain. yah labh any dirghakay praniyon ko prapt nahin hai.
any janakari kiton ki aisi kee jatiyan hain, jo himank se bhi lagabhag 50 sentigret niche ke tap par jivit rah sakati hain. doosari or kiton ke aise varg bhi hain jo garam pani ke un shroton men rahate hain jisaka tap 40 se adhik hai.

kit (angrezi: Insect) pray: chhota, rengane vala, khndon men vibhajit sharir vala aur bahut-si tangon vala ek prani hain, vastav men yah nam vishesh lakshanon vale praniyon ko diya jana chahie. kit aprishthivnshiyon[1] ke us bade ke samuday antargat ate hai jo sndhipad[2] kahalate hain. liniyas ne san 1735 men kit[3] varg men ve sab prani sammilit kie the, jo ab sndhipad samuday ke antargat rakhe ge hain. liniyas ke inasekt[4] shabd ko sarvapratham em. je. brisan ne san 1756 men simit arth men prayukt kiya. kit arthopoda sngh ka ek pramukh varg hai. tabhi se yah shabd is arth men vyavahrit ho raha hai. san 1825 men pi. e. laitrali ne kiton ke liye heksapoda[5] shabd ka prayog kiya, is shabd se in praniyon ka ek atynt mahatvapoorn lakshan vyakt hota hai.[6]

lakshan

kiton ka sharir khndon men vibhajit rahata hai jisamen sir men mukh bhag, ek jodi shrringikaen[7], pray: ek jodi snyukt netr aur bahudha saral netr bhi pae jate hain. vriksh par tin jodi tangen aur do jode paksh hote hain. kuchh kiton men ek hi joda paksh hota hai aur kuchh pakshavihin bhi hote hain. udar men tangen nahin hoti hai. inake pichhale sire par guda hoti hai aur guda se thoda sa age ki or janan chhidr hota hai. shvasan mahin shvas naliyon[8] dvara hota hain. shvas nali bahar ki or shvasaradhrn[9] dvara khulati hai. pray: das jodi shvasadhran sharir men donon or pae jate hain, kintu kee jatiyon men paraspar bhinnata bhi rahati hai. rakt lal kanikaon se vihin hota hai aur plajm़a[10] men himoglobin[11] bhi nahin hota. at: shvasan ki gaisen nahin pahunchati hain. parivahan tntr khula hota hai, hriday prishth ki or ahar nal ke oopar rahata hai. rakt dehaguha men bahata hai, bnd vahikaon ki snkhya bahut thodi hoti hai. vastavik shiraen, dhamaniyon aur koshikaen nahin hoti hain. nisarg[12] nalikaen pashchantr ke agale sire par khulati hain. ek jodi pandur grnthiyan[13] bhi paee jati hain. ande ke nikalane par parivardhan pray: sidhe nahin hota, sadharanataya roopantaran dvara hota hai. inhen bhi dekhen: kiton ke lakshan evn jatiyan evn kiton ka poshan evn avas

jatiyan

praniyon men sabase adhik jatiyan kiton ki hain. kiton ki snkhya any sab praniyon ki sammilit snkhya se chhah guni adhik hai. inaki lagabhag das barah lakh jatiyan ab tak gyat ho chuki hain. pratyek varsh lagabhag chhah sahastr nee jatiyan gyat hoti hain aur aisa anuman hai ki kiton ki lagabhag bis lakh jatiyan snsar men vartaman men hain. itane adhik prachury ka karan inaka asadharan anukoolan[14] ka gun hain. ye atyadhik bhinn paristhitiyon men bhi saphalatapoorvak jivit rahate hain. pnkhon ki upasthiti ke karan kiton ko vikiran[15] men bahut sahayata milati hain. aisa dekhane men ata hai ki paristhitiyon men parivartan ke anusar kiton men nity navin snrachanaon tatha vrittiyon[16] ka vikas hota jata hai.

jivan chakr

sam shitoshn aur shital deshon ke kiton ke jivan chakr men shit kal men shit nishkriyata[17] paee jati hai. in dinon kit shithil rahata hai. ayan vritt ke deshon men, jahan ki jalavayu sada ushn aur nam hoti hai, kiton ke jivan chakr men shit nishkriyata pray: nahin paee jati hai aur ek pidhi ke pashchath doosari pidhi kramanusar a jati hai. bharatiy shalabhon men eekh ki jad ko bhedane vala shalabh illi ki avastha men disnbar ke pratham saptah men shit nishkriy ho jata hai aur pyoopa banana march men arnbh karata hai. paipiliyo dimoliyas[18] namak titali pyoopa avastha men aur pit barre praudhavastha men shit nishkriy hote hain. piriaaudikal sikeda[19] ke, jo uttari amarika men paya jata hai, jivan chakr poore hone men terah se satrah varsh tak lag jate hain, kintu bahut si dramayooka aisi hoti hain, jinaki ek pidhi lagabhag ek saptah men hi poorn ho jati hai. sabase chhota jivan chakr nanhen nanhen kailasid namak kalapaksh ke kiton ka hota hai. in kiton ke dinbh doosare kiton ke andon ke bhitar parashrayi ki bhanti rahate hain aur inaka jivan chakr keval sat hi din men poorn ho jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. Invertebrates
  2. Anthropoda
  3. inasekt=inasektamh‌=kate hue
  4. inasektamh‌
  5. Hexapoda
  6. kit (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 17 agast, 2015.
  7. Antenna
  8. trekiya-Trachea
  9. spaharekal Spiracle
  10. Plasma
  11. Haemoglobin
  12. mailapigiyan-Malpighian
  13. Corpora allata
  14. aidaiptabiliti-Adaptability
  15. disaparsal-dispersal
  16. haibits- habit
  17. haibarneshan-Hibernation
  18. Papilio demoleus
  19. Periodical cieada

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