उष्ण कटिबंध  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ushn katibndh (angrezi: Tropical Zone) prithvi ka vah kshetr, jo bhoomadhy rekha ke donon or ayanavritton, arthath kark tatha makar vritt, ke madhy sthit hai. is katibndh men sthit pratyek bhag men varsh men kam se kam ek din soory ki kiranen avashy lambavath padati hain. is katibndh ke bahar uttar ya dakshin soory kabhi bhi lambavath nahin hota hai.

soory kiran ki sthiti

ushn katibndh men soory ki kiranen kabhi bhi adhik tirachhi nahin hone pati hain, jisake karan yahan varsh bhar tapaman ooncha rahata hai. yadyapi bhoomadhy rekha se uttar ya dakshin ki or badhane par tapntar men vriddhi hoti jati hai. bhoomadhy rekha ke samipasth bhagon men tapaman sadaiv ooncha rahata hai aur shit ritu nahin hoti hai; kintu kark evn makar rekhaon ke samip shit tatha grishm ritu spasht ho jati hain.

vistar

saman jalavayavik dashaon ke adhar par ushn katibndh ka vistar 300 uttar akshansh se 300 dakshin akshansh tak bhi mana jata hai.[1] halanki am janamat yah hai ki ooshn katibndh ek garm ilaka hai, jahan hamesha varsha hoti rahati hai aur hariyali rahati hai, lekin vastavikata aisi nahin hai. yahan aise kee kshetr hain, jahan par khushk aur nam mausam pae jate hain. nam mausam tab hota hai, jab us ilake men varsh ke ausat ki adhikatam varsha hoti hai. isako paryatan ko badhava dene ke lie 'harit ritu' ka nam bhi diya jata hai.

varsha

nam ilake poore ooshn aur up-ooshn katibndh men phaile hue hain. nam mahina vah hota hai, jisamen 60 mi.mi. ya adhik varsha ho. ooshn katibndhiy vanon men khushk aur nam mausam nahin paya jata hai, kyonki yahan poore sal bhar saman roop se varsha hoti hai.] amataur par varsha ritu khushk garm mausam ke ant men shuroo hoti hai. kuchh ilakon men to itani barish ho jati hai ki badh a jati hai, jisase mitti ka katav hota hai aur mitti ki urvarata bhi ghatati hai. is kshetr ke adhikansh janavaron ke lie yah bahutayat ka mausam hota hai aur unaka prajanan kal isi se sambaddh rahata hai.

rog

vishv ke sarvadhik ghatak rog is kshetr men panapate hain; kyonki yahan ka vatavaran machchharon ke panapane ke lie bhi anukool hota hai. isalie yahan machchhar-sambandhi bimariyan bhi bahut adhik hoti hain. kee bimariyan to aisi hain, jo aur doosare kshetron men paee bhi nahin jatin.


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ushn katibndh (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 09 aprail, 2014.

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