bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

तापसह पदार्थ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

tapasah padarth (Refractory mateials) - ve padarth hain, jo oonche tap par dhatumal ki nigharshan kriya dvara prabhavit nahin hote. ye tin prakar ke (amliy, samakshariy tatha udasin) hote hain. amliy padartho ke antagart sabhi prakar ki agnisah mitti a jati hai. tapasah padarthon ke nimarn ke liye kachche padartho ka koee abhav nahin hai, aur badi se badi bhavi avashyakata ki poorti sugamata se ki ja sakati hai.

agnisah mitti (Fire Clays)

vibhinn udyogon men jahan bhi ooncha tap utpann hota hai, vahan agnisah mittiyon ka prayog kiya jata hai. agnisah mittiyan adhunik udyogon men mahatvapoorn sthan rakhati hain, tatha mukhyat: inaka upayog inake gunanusar ooshmasah kayon men kiya jata hai. inase ooshmasah eeten banane ke sayntr adhikatar bngal tatha bihar ke koyala kshetron men hi simit hain. kuchh karakhane madhy pradesh tatha maisoor men bhi hain, jinase sthaniy avashyakata poori ki jati hai. ranignj koyala kshetr ki agnisah mittiyan uttam prakar ki hain, tatha inase bani huee ooshmasah eetonn ki tulana sarvottam videshi eeton se ki ja sakati hai.[1] agnisah mittiyon ka khanan kiya jata hai. isi prakar udisa ke snbalapur jile men sthit ramapur koyala kshetr se bhi, bel pahad ke samip jorabaga men, agnisah mittiyan prapt ki ja sakati hai.[2]

tap sahanashilata

samanyat: ooshmasah padartho ke nirman kuchh adhik shuddh mittiyan, jinamen silika[3] ki matra 45 tatha ailyoomina [4] ki 30 se 40 ho aur lohe aauksaid paryapt kam matra men ho, prayukt ki jati hain. savadhani se is prakar ki mittiyon ke mishranon ko nirmit kar 12,00° sentigret se 1,400° sentigret tak pakaya jata hai. nirmit eetonn ke ooshmasah gun ko mishran men ailyoomina ki matra men vriddhi kar adhik badhaya ja sakata hai. is kary ke liye bharatiy eetn nirmata ranchi jile ke loharadanga tatha madhy pradesh ke katani kshetr se prapt baauksait ka upayog karate hain.[2]

ranignj koyala kshetr ki agnisah mittiyan barabar shreni ke antargat, adhar evn madhy snstaron[5] men, anek staron men prapt hoti hai. jhariya koyala kshetr ki agnisah mittiyan mukhyat: svayn jhariya men hi tatha patharadih ki aur milati hain. ranignj ke staron ki bhanti yahan bhi staron ki motaee vibhinn sthanon par bhinn bhinn hai. daltanagnj kshetr men bhi palamoo jile ke rajhara namak sthan par atynt sughatit hain.

mitti ka prayog karana

madhy pradesh ke shahadol tatha vilasapur sthit koraba kshetr se isi prakar ki mittiyan, mitti ke barat banane tatha khaparail adi ke nirman men prayukt hoti hain. poorvi tat ki gondavana shilaon men, madras rajy ke shri parumbattu ke samip chingalapattu tatha andhr ke guntoor jile men angolu ke samip vemavaram men, agnisah mittiyan prapt huee hain. isi prakar bngalor tatha bngalor jile ke nndagudi kolar jile ke karadibande adi sthanon se bhi mittiyon ka khanan kiya jata hai. keral men phiroke, kvilon tatha alvae men anek ooshmasah vastuon ka nirman hota hai. ooshmasah eeten banane ke liye shvet mittiyan trishashoor ke kijhoopillakkara namak sthan se upalabdh ki jati hain.

agni mitti ke prapti sthan

in sthanon ke atirikt agni mittiyan any sthanon men bhi prapt hoti hain, jinamen se kuchh paryapt uttam varg ki siddh huee hain. is prakar ke prapti sthan-asam ki khasi pahadinyon men javaee; bihar men rajamahal pahadiyon tatha bhagalapur jile men karanapura koyala kshetr; udisa ke sundaragadh jile men; keral men kundara; dalol, rajapur tatha pnchamahal; himatanagar; badauda men mata ki takari; saurashtr men dhrangadhra ke anek sthanon par, devapur (kachchh) adi; madras men dakshin arakat; andhr men nijamabad jile ke konasamudram; rajasthan ke kota tatha jaisalamer jile; madhy pradesh men riva ke chanda-umariya kshetr, chhindavada tatha hoshngabad men - sthit hain.[2]

tapasah padarthon ke nimarn ke liye kachche padartho ka koee abhav nahin hai, aur badi se badi bhavi avashyakata ki poorti sugamata se ki ja sakati hai. kuchh yojanaen, agnisah mittiyon tatha unase bane padarthon ke dakshin poorvi eshiya ke deshon ko niryat karane ke liye bhi vicharadhin hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. plastic
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 tapasah padarth (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 9 agast, 2015.
  3. Silica
  4. Alumina
  5. measures

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah