दक्षिणी ध्रुव  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dakshini dhruv (angrezi:South Pole) ko 'antarkatika' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. yah hamari prithvi ka sabase dakshini chhor hai. dakshini dhruv par pahunchana kafi kathin hai. uttari dhruv ke viparit, jo ki samudr aur samatal samudri barph se dhaka rahata hai, dakshini dhruv ek parvatiy mahadvip par sthit hai. yah mahadvip hai- 'antarkatika'. yah barph ki moti chadar se dhaka hai. apane kendr par to yah 1.5 ki.mi. se bhi moti barph se achchhadit hai. dakshini dhruv bahut oonche sthan par hai. yahan adhikatar barphile toofan ate rahate hain. yah un sthanon se bahut door hai, jahan vaigyanikon ki bastiyan hain aur yahan jane vale jahazon ko prayah barfile samudri raste se hokar jana padata hai.

khoj

1820 men hi dharati par antarkatika ka pata laga liya gaya tha, lekin bisavin shati ke prarnbh tak uttari aur dakshini dhruv ki khoj nahin ho saki thi. halanki ise khojane ke prayatn jari the. british nausena adhikari viliyam edavard pairi ne 1827 men aur 1871 men ek ameriki dal ne charls fransis haaul ke netritv men uttari dhruv tak pahunchane ke asaphal prayatn kie. isake bad bhi prayatn jari rahe. lekin is barphili jamin par manav ke pair 1890 men hi pade. 1901 men ameriki nagarik raaubart piyare aur unaka dal vishv ke pahale anveshak the, jo uttari dhruv tak pahunche the. prarnbhik anveshak far aur pashuon ki khal se bane vastr pahanate the jisase sharir to garm rahata hi tha, isamen tvacha bhi thik se sans le sakati thi. adhunik khoj yatri anek astaron vale kapade pahanate hain jisaki anek paraton men ruki huee hava sharir ko garm rakhati hai. 1911 men narve ke roald amndasan dakshini dhruv par pahali bar pahunche. isake ek hi mahine bad raaubart failkan ke netritv men british tim ne janavari 1912 men yahan apana jhnda gada. narve ke anveshakon dvara khoj yatraon men saman dhone ke lie kutton dvara khinchi jane vali sled gadiyon ka prayog kiya jata tha.[1]

bhaugolik tathy

chumbakiy uttari aur dakshini dhruv vahan hote hai, jahan par kampas snket karata hai. ye dhruv varsh prativarsh ghoomate rahate hain. keval kampas ko dekhakar hi log yah bata sakate hain ki ve in dhruvon ke nikat hain. dakshini dhruv se sari dishaen uttar men hoti hain, kintu dhruvon ke bilkul nikat kampas bharosemnd sabit nahin hota hai. bhaugolik uttari aur dakshini dhruv ve dhruv hain, jin par prithvi ghoomati hai. vahin jinhen log ek glob par dekhate hain. ye dhruv ek hi sthan par rahate hain. inhen 'uttari dhruv' ya 'dakshini dhruv' kahate hain. kuchh log vishesh taron ko dekhakar hi ye bata sakate hain ki ve in dhruvon par hain. dhruvon par ek tara saman oonchaee par chakkar lagata hai aur kshitij par kabhi bhi ast nahin hota.

bharatiy dal ki kamayabi

'neshanal sentar phaaur antartik end oshan risarch' ke nideshak rasik ravindr ke netritv men bharatiy dal ne dakshini dhruv par pahunchane ke lie apani yatra shuroo ki thi. poorvi antartika men sthit bharat ke 'maitri risarch steshan' se bharatiy dal ne apane abhiyan ki shuruat ki. dal ko dakshini dhruv tak ki 2,360 kilomitar ki yatra karane men 9 din ka samay laga. is bich dal ko panch bar rukana bhi pada. vaigyanik dal ne vahan kee prayog kie. vatavaran se data snkalit kiya aur jam chuke mahadvip se barph ke ansh bhi lie. isake jarie vaigyanik pichhale 1,000 salon men paryavaran men ae badalavon ka adhyayan karana chahate hain. dakshini dhruv par kamayabi pane vale bharatiy dal men rasik ravindr ke alava ajay dhar, javed beg, thamban meloth, asit sven, pradip malhotra, krishnamoorti aur soorat sinh shamil the. bharatiy vaigyanikon ne apani mnjil tak pahunchane ke lie esayoovi gadi (sports yutiliti vhikal) ka istemal kiya th.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. uttari aur dakshini dhruv ki khoj (hindi) abhivyakti. abhigaman tithi: 17 navambar, 2013.
  2. dakshini dhruv par laharaya tirnga (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 17 navambar, 2013.

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