दिक्सूचक  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

diksoochak

diksoochak (angrezi: Compass) disha ka gyan karane vala yntr hai. yah yntr mahasagaron aur marusthalon men disha nirdeshan ke bahut kam ata hai ya un sthanon par bhi jahan sthanasoochakon ki kami hai. yah mana jata hai ki sabase pahale diksoochak ka avishkar chin ke han rajavnsh ne kiya tha. yah ek badi chammach-jaisi chumbakiy vastu thi, jo kanse ki tastari par maignetait ayask ko bitha kar banaee gee thi. diksoochak ka prathamik kary ek nirdesh disha ki or snket karana hai, jisase any dishaen gyat ki jati hain. jyotirvidon aur paryavekshakon ke lie samany nirdesh disha dakshin hai evn any vyaktiyon ke lie nirdesh disha uttar hai.

itihas

yah ab tak vidit nahin hai ki diksoochak ka prayog sarvapratham kisane kiya. ati prachin kal men chiniyon dvara diksoochak ka prayog kie jane ki katha kadachith‌ ek kalpit akhyan hi hai. aisa kaha jata hai ki 2,634 eesavi poorv men chin ke samrath hvanh‌gati ke rath par dakshin disha pradarshit karane ke lie ek yntr ki vyavastha rahati thi. isaki bhi snbhavana hai ki arabavasiyon ne diksoochak ka upayog chiniyon se hi sikha ho aur unhonne isako yoorop men prachalit kiya ho. yooropiy sahity men diksoochak ka pratham parichay 1200 eesavi men athava isake uparant hi milata hai. sanh‌ 1400 eesavi ke uparant se is yntr ka upayog nauchalan, viman chalan evn samanveshan men atyadhik badh gaya hai. navik diksoochak atyadhik samay tak bade hi aparishkrit yntr the. 1820 men barlo ne char panch samantar chunbakon se yukt ek patrak ka sootrapat kiya. sanh‌ 1876 men sar viliyam taaumasan (lard kelvin) ne apane shushk patrak diksoochak ka nirman kiya. sanh‌ 1882 men dravadiksoochak ka nirman hua.[1]

prakar

diksoochak mukhyat: char prakar ke hote hain-

  1. chunbakiy diksoochak (Magnetic Compass) - yah nideshak bal prapt karane ke lie prithvi ke chunbakiy kshetr par nirbhar karata hai.
  2. ghoornadarshiy diksoochak (Gyroscopic compass) - yah prithvi ke ghoornan se apana nideshak bal prapt karata hai.
  3. rediyo diksoochak (Radio compass) - isaki karyapranali betar siddhant par adharit hai.
  4. soory athava tara diksoochak (Solar or Astral compass) - isaka upayog soory athava kisi tare ke drishtigochar hone par nirbhar karata hai.

diksoochak istemal karane vale prasiddh vyakti

diksoochak ka istemal karane vale prasiddh vyakti
vyakti mahattv
1. prins henari nevigetar purtagali rajakumar ne afrika, amerika aur yoorop men kee yatraon ko prayojit kiya.
2. kristophar kolnbas itailiyan eksaplorar, jinhonne bhavishy men yooropiyon ke lie amerika ko kholane men madad ki.
3. jaaun kaibot angrez eksaplorar jisane uttari amerika ke tat ki khoj ki.
4. phardinend maigelan isane duniya bhar men pahali saphal yatra ka netritv kiya.
5. harnando kortej spainish vijeta jisane eztek samrajy ko haraya aur spen ke lie meksiko ki sthapana ki.
6. vasko digama purtagali khojakarta jo sabase pahale samudr tat se bharat tak pahunchane vala yooropiy tha.
7. haranado di soto spenish kankvaistador jo misisipi nadi ke dastavej aur anveshan ke lie pahala yooropiy ban gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. disha soochak yntr (hindi) storyboardthat.com. abhigaman tithi: 20 janavari, 2018.

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