अंशशोधन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

anshashodhan (angrezi: Calibration) do mapanon ki tulana ko kaha jata hai. yadi tharmamitar ki nali ka bhitari vyas sarvatr saman n ho to barabar doori par digri ka chinh lagane se trutiyan utpann hongi. phalat: tap ki sachchi nap ke lie yah janana avashyak hota hai ki pratyek chinh par kitani truti hai. isi prakar pratyek mapak yntr ke lie yah janana avashyak ho jata hai ki pratyek chinh (ansh) par kitani truti hai. isi ko 'anshashodhan' kahate hain.

mapak yntr ka anshashodhan

yntr kitani bhi savadhani se kyon n banaen, phir bhi kahin n kahin kuchh truti ho hi jati hai. phir samay bachane ke lie yntr nirmata bahudha poorn shuddhata lane ki cheshta bhi nahin karate. isalie sookshm napon men anshashodhan mahatvapoorn hota hai. 'antarrashtriy vigyan sngh' ne maulik tatha udbhoot rashiyon ki paribhashaen de rakhi hain aur unaki ikaiyan bhi nishchit kar di hain. inake mapane ke lie pramanik upakaran bhi banae ge hain. yadi koee naya mapak yntr banaya jata hai to usaka anshashodhan unhin pramanik yntron ke anshon ki tulana se kiya jata hai. udaharan-

sentigred tap mapak ka adhobindu shuddh jal ka himank mana gaya hai aur oordhvabindu kvathanank. himank aur kvathanank jal ki ashuddhiyon aur nyoonadhik vayudab ke karan badal jate hain. at: nimnalikhit bhautik paristhitiyan bhi nirdharit kar di gee hain, jal shuddh hona chahie aur vayudab 76 semi. paradastnbh ke barabar hona chahie. naya tap mapak banate samay nali ki ghundi (balb) men para bharakar in do binduon ka sthan nali men pahale ankit kiya jata hai. phir inake bich sthan ko 100 barabar bhagon men bant diya jata hai.[1]

tap gyat karana

kisi vastu ka tap gyat karate samay, mana pare ki satah 40 ansh par pahunchi, to 40° tabhi shuddh path hoga. jab nali ka prasthachhed [2]sarvatr ek saman ho aur 0° se 100° ke chinh barabar doori par lagae ge ho. kintu nali ka prasthachhed adarsh roop men sarvatr saman nahin hota aur anshankan men bhi trutiyan ho sakati hain. inhin karanon se anshashodhan ki avashyakata padati hai. isake lie ne tap mapak yntron ke pathon ki tulana ek pramanik tap mapak se ki jati hai jo usi ke sath saman paristhiti men rakha rahata hai.

prasthachhed ki samanata ki janch

prasthachhed ki samanata ki janch nali men pare ka lagabhag ek inch lnba stnbh rakhakar aur use vividh sthanon par khisakakar ki ja sakati hai. yadi prasthachhed sarvatr saman hoga to pare ke stnbh ki lnbaee sarvatr saman hogi. isi prakar do sthir door sookshmadarshiyon ke bich padane vale ansh chinhon ko kee sthanon men dekhakar sthir kiya ja sakata hai ki nali par sab chinh barabar dooriyon par lage hain ya nahin. yadi prasthachhed ek saman hai aur chinh barabar dooriyon par hain to doosara shodhan hamen adhobindu aur oordhvabindu ke lie karana padata hai. inaka nishan apramanik paristhitiyon men lagaya gaya hai. jal men ashuddhi ho sakati hai aur vayudab bhi thik 76 semi. nahin rahata. in karanon se jal ka himank aur kvathanank badal jata hai. at: bhinn-2 paristhitiyon men tap mapak ke adhobindu tatha oordhvabindu ke path lie jate hain aur pramanik tap mapak ke pathon se tulana kar donon binduon ke snshodhan ka man nikala jata hai. phir tap mapak ke ansh rekha par tatha snshodhan rekha par ankit kar lekhachitr[3] bana liya jata hai. is lekhachitr dvara bhinn-2 paristhitiyon men tap mapak ke kisi path ka snshodhit man gyat hota hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 anshashodhan (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 13 joon, 2015.
  2. Cross-section
  3. Graph

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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