bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

तूफ़ान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

toofan ya andhi prithvi ya kisi any grah ke vayumndal men uttejana ki sthiti ko kahate hain jo aksar sakht mausam ke sath ati hai. isamen tez havaen, ole girana, bhari barish, bhari barfabari, badalon ka chamakana aur bijali ka chamakana jaise mausami gatividhiyan dikhati hain. amataur par toofan ane se sadharan jivan par bura asar padata hai. yatayat aur any dainik kriyaon ke alava, badh ane, bijali girane aur himapat se jan v mal ki hani bhi ho sakati hai. registan jaise shushk kshetron men retile toofan aur samudron men oonchi laharon jaisi khataranak sthitiyan bhi paida ho sakati hain. isake viparit barish v himapat se kuchh ilaqon men sookhe ki samasya men madad bhi mil sakati hai. mausam-vaigyanik anuman lagate hain ki har sal prithvi par lagabhag 1.6 karod garaj-chamak vale toofan ate hain.

prabhavit hone vale kshetr

jh‍yadatar toofan vistrit kshetron ko prabhavit karate hain aur isake sath shaktishali pavanon, bhari varsha ya himapat, garaj, bijali, bavanh‍daron aur prachanh‍d samudri halachal bhi a sakate hain. ve snpatti aur adharabhoot dhanche ko nukasan pahuncha sakate hain, phasalon aur pashudhan ko prabhavit kar sakate hain, avashh‍yak sevaon men badha dalate hain, aur tatiy kshetron ko jalamagh‍n karate hain.

savadhaniyan evn upay

toofan ane ke pahale

  • ek ghareloo apatakalin yojana taiyar karen.
  • apane ghar men apane apatakalin bachav vash‍tuen aur ek sath le jane yogh‍y getave kit (bachav kit) vh‍yavasthit karen aur inaka sahi rakharakhav banae rakhen.
  • apani snpatti ko is prakar vh‍yavasthit karen ki vah tej pavanon ko samana kar sake. vishal bhari vash‍tuon ko mazabooti se laga kar rakhen ya kisi bhi aise saman ko hata den jo girane par janaleva ya hanikarak sabit ho sakata ho.
  • is bat ki pushti ke lie ki apake ghar ki chhat surakshit hai, niyamit roop se usaki janch karate rahen. aisi vash‍tuon ki soochi bana len, jinh‍he bachana zaroori ho ya shaktishali pavanon ke poorvanuman par unh‍hen anh‍dar rakh den.
  • khidakiyon ki maramh‍mat ke lie tirapal, bord aur dakh‍t tep jaise samanon ko asan pahunch men rakhen.
  • yadi kheti karate hain, to yah pata kar len ki pashudhan ke lie kaun sa bada, badh ke pani, bhooskhalan aur bijali ki lainon se surakshit hai.

jab chetavani jari ho gee ho aur toofan ke dauran

mausam ke bare men navinatam janakari praph‍t karate rahen. apane sh‍thaniy rediyo kenh‍dr ka prasaran sunen kh‍yonki apake samuday aur sthiti ke lie nagarik pratiraksha pradhikari sabase upayukh‍t salah ka prasaran karenge.

  • apani ghareloo apatakalin yojana par karyavahi karen aur yadi apako jaldi men jagah chhod kar nikalana pade, usake lie apani getave (bachav) kit janchen.
  • sabhi aisi vash‍tuon ko mazabooti se bandh de ya ghar ke anh‍dar kar den, jinamen ag lag sakati ho aur jo tej hava chalate samay hanikarak sabit ho sakati hon.
  • khidakiyan, bahari v bhitari daravaze bnd kar den. chakanachoor kanch ya udati kirachon se hone vali kshati se bachane ke lie asurakshit kanch par parda dal den.
  • yadi pavan vinashakari ban jae, to daravajon aur khidakiyon se door rahen aur ghar ke anh‍dar hi ashray len.
  • pani ki apoorti prabhavit ho sakati hai isilie pine ke pani ko bartanon men sh‍tor karana aur bathatab aur sinkon ko pani se bharana ek achh‍chha upay hai.
  • ghar ke bahar n ghoomen aur draiving karane se bachen jab tak ki aisa karana bahut hi zaroori n ho.
  • kharab mausam ki vajah se bijali ki apoorti bnd ho sakati hai. tivr bijali pravah se kshati pahunchane se rokane ke lie chhote upakaranon ke ph‍lag nikal den. yadi bijali chali jae to bijali ki apoorti phir se chaloo hone par tivr bijali pravah se hone vali kshati ko kam karane ke lie bade upakaranon ke plag nikal den.
  • palatoo pashuon ko ghar ke anh‍dar kar len. pashudhan ko unake ashray par pahuncha den. yadi apako sh‍than chhodakar bachakar nikalana ho to palatoo pashuon ko apane sath le jaen.

barphani toofan

barphani toofan men, yadi toofan ki dashaen ek din se jh‍yada samay tak bani rahati hain to is sthiti men sabase aham samash‍yaen hain-

  1. snbhavit tap men kami
  2. bijali aur teliphon sevaon ka bnd ho jana
  3. apoortiyon men kami ana.

barphani toofan ke jokhim bhare ilakon men rahane vale logon ke lie tap aur bijali uth‍padan ke vaikalpik sh‍varoopon ki zaroorat ko samajhana mahath‍vapoorn hai.

  • barph ki chetavani jari hone ke bad, jab tak ki bahut zaroori n ho, ghar se bahar jane se bachen.
  • yadi apako yatra ke lie jana hi ho to apane sath sh‍no chainh‍s, sh‍liping baigh‍s, garm kapade aur zaroori apatakalin vash‍tuen avashh‍y le jaen.
  • ghar par, lakadi ke choolh‍hon, gais hitaron, angithiyon aur jenaretaron ke lie eendhan apoorti ki janchen.
  • palatoo pashuon ko ghar ke anh‍dar kar len. ghareloo janavaron v pashudhan ko kisi ashray sh‍thal par pahuncha den.
  • yadi kisi barphani toofan men ap apani kar ya trak men phns jaen, to us vakh‍t ap apane vahan men hi rahen.
  • injan ko garm banae rakhane ke lie use har das minat men sh‍tart karen. dihaidreshan se bachane ke lie taral padarth pite rahen.
  • karban monoaaukh‍said ke jahar se bachane lie khidaki ko thoda sa khol len. apane vahan ke rediyo eriyal ya daravaze par ek chamakila kapada bandh den taki ap asani se bachavakartaon ki najar men a saken aur vahan ke bhitar lait jalae rakhen.

toofan ke bad

  • apane sh‍thaniy rediyo kenh‍dron ka prasaran sunen jahan apatasthiti prabndhan karmachari, apake samuday aur paristhiti ke lie sabase upayukh‍t salah denge.
  • choton ki janch karen aur yadi kar saken to anh‍y logon ki, visheshakar vishesh sahayata ki zaroorat vale logon ki madad karen.
  • upayogi suvidhaon ki tooti laeenon ki janch karen aur upayukt pradhikariyon ko isaki riport karen.
  • yadi apaka ghar ya imarat buri tarah se kshatigrash‍t ho chuka ho to apane sh‍thaniy kaunsil se snpark karen.
  • yadi apaki snpatti ya vastuen nashh‍t ho gee hai to isaka vivaran likh len aur photo khinch len tatha apani bima knpani se snpark karen. yadi kirae ki snpatti ko nukasan pahuncha ho to apane makan malik ko soochit karen.
  • malabe ko surakshit tarike se hatane ke lie salah hetu apane kaunsil se poochhen.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. toofan (hindi) get ready get thru. abhigaman tithi: 4 julaee, 2013.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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