उत्कल तटीय मैदान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

utkal tatiy maidan udisa ke tatiy kshetr ka bhag hai. yah maidan gnga ke deltaee maidan se lekar mahanadi ke delta tak phaila hua hai. isi tatiy maidan men prasiddh chilka jhil bhi ati hai. yah jhil bharat ki sabase badi jhil hai. lagabhag 41, 400 varg kimi men phaila yah maidan poorv men bngal ki khadi, dakshin men andhr ka maidan, uttar men gnga ka nichala maidan aur pashchim men poorvi ghat ki pahadiyon se ghira hai. utkal maidan tatiy nimn bhoomi hai, jisamen mukhyat: mahanadi delta ke nikshep aur samudri avasad hain tatha vah lagabhag 76 mitar ki oochanee par poorvi ghat se milata hai. is maidani kshetr ki tatarekha lagabhag sidhi hai.

itihas

tisari shatabdi ee.poo. men samrat ashok ke kal men is kshetr ke hisse ke roop men is kshetr ka vivaran dhauli (jahan ashok ne kaling ka prakhyat yuddh kiya tha) ke shilalekhon men bhi milata hai. satavahan, kar tatha poorvi gnga ke prachin vnshon ne is kshetr par kramash: shasan kiya aur aur 16vin shatabdi ke uttarardh men is kshetr par musalamanon aur bad men marathon ka adhikar ho gaya. 1804 men angrejon ka maidani kshetr par niyntran ho gaya.

bhaugolik visheshataen

ne aur tritiyak jalodh nikshep, jisake bich-bich men ady mahakalp kal (arkiyan kal) ke prachin pattitashm aur balua patthar hain, se bana yah maidan delta kshetr men sabase adhik chauda hai. bngal ki khadi ke kinare mukhyat: bhata ke dauran chalane vali hava ke karan nirmit grenait tatha zarakaaun ke vikhndan se bane ret ke tile tatha samudratal bhi pae jate hain. is kshetr (dakshin-pashchim) men sthit vishalatam jhil, chilka, ka jal khara hai; samng aur sar (kramash: puri ke uttar aur poorvottar men) mithe pani ki jhilen hain. kendrapada, jagatasinhapur, bhadrak tatha baleshvar zilon ke tatiy kshetr men tatavarti van pae jate hain tatha puri, khurada, katak aur jajapur zilon ke andarooni hisson men ushnakatibndhiy nam, parvapati van pae jate hain. mahanadi, brahmani, vaitarani aur suvarnarekha nadiyon ke snyukt bahirvah se maidan ke poorvi-madhy hisse men mahanadi dekta ka nirman hua hai.

krishi evn udyog

is kshetr men upajaoo lal tatha jalodh mitti hai. krishi mukhy pesha hai tatha chaval pramukh fasal hai; dalahan tatha tilahan ki bhi kheti hoti hai. maidani kshetr men sthit badi sinchaee pariyojanaon ke karan do fasalen ugana snbhav ho gaya hai. kolakata (bhootapoorv kalakatta)-chennee (bhootapoorv madras) relamarg par katak, bhuvaneshvar aur puri jaise shahari kshetron men kendrit udyog men kagaz mil, refrijaretar snyntr aur chini mitti ke bartan, kanch, rifraiktri, vastr aur gailvenaizd paip nirman snyntr shamil hain. any udyog men ara mil, nariyal ke reshon se vastuon ka nirman, jahaz marammat tatha faausfet, urvarak aur tayar ka nirman shamil hain; yahan rel ke dibbo ki karmashala, pattharon ki kataee aur prasnskaran mil, el.pi.ji. gais bharane ka snyntr bhi sthit hai. mahanadi delta ke pas utkal maidan ke madhyavarti hisse men sthit katak-chaudvar audyogik kshetr ka rajy ke audyogik vikas par mahattvapoorn prabhav pada hai. is maidan men sadak aur relamarg ka snjal hai, katak kendrapada aur jagatasinhapur zilon men antardeshiy jalamarg tatha bhuvaneshvar men havaee adda hai.

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  • pustak- bharat gyanakosh khand-1 | prishth snkhya- 207 | ensaiklopidiya britainika (indiya) praivet limited, nee dilli

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