मौर्य साम्राज्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

eesa poorv 326 men sikandar ki senaen pnjab ke vibhinn rajyon men vidhvnsak yuddhon men vyast thin. madhyapradesh aur bihar men nnd vnsh ka raja dhanannd shasan kar raha tha. sikandar ke akraman se desh ke lie snkat paida ho gaya tha. dhanannd ka saubhagy tha ki vah is akraman se bach gaya. yah kahana kathin hai ki desh ki raksha ka mauqa padane par nnd samrat yoonaniyon ko pichhe hatane men samarth hota ya nahin. magadh ke shasak ke pas vishal sena avashy thi kintu janata ka sahayog use prapt nahin tha. praja usake atyacharon se pidit thi. asahy kar-bhar ke karan rajy ke log usase asntusht the. desh ko is samay ek aise vyakti ki avashyakata thi jo magadh samrajy ki raksha tatha vriddhi kar sake. videshi akraman se utpann snkat ko door kare aur desh ke vibhinn bhagon ko ek shasan-sootr men bandhakar chakravarti samrat ke adarsh ko charitarth kare. shighr hi rajanitik mnch par ek aisa vyakti prakat bhi hua. is vyakti ka nam tha 'chndragupt'. jastin adi yoonani vidvanon ne ise 'sendrokottas' kaha hai. viliyam jons pahale vidvanh the jinhonne sendrokottas' ki pahachan bharatiy grnthon ke 'chndragupt' se ki hai. yah pahachan bharatiy itihas ke tithikram ki adharashila ban gee hai.

shasakon ki soochi

ashok ke bad

puranon ke anusar ashok ke bad kunal gaddi par baitha. divyavadan men use dharmavivardhan kaha gaya hai, kintu ashok ke aur bhi putr the. rajatarngini ke anusar jalauk kashmir ka svatntr shasak ban gaya. taranath ke anusar virasen ashok ka putr tha, jo gandhar ka svatntr shasak ban gaya. is prakar ham dekhate hain ki ashok ki mrityu ke bad hi samrajy ka vighatan ho gaya. kunal andha tha, atah vah shasan kary men asamarth tha. jain tatha bauddh grnthon ke anusar shasan ki bagador usake putr snprati ke hath men thi. in anushrutiyon ke anusar snprati hi kunal ka uttaradhikari tha. puranon tatha 'nagarjuni pahadiyon ki gufaon ke shilalekh' ke anusar dasharath kunal ka putr tha. nagarjuni gufaon ko dasharath ne ajiviko ko dan men diya tha. in pramanon ke adhar par yah mat prastut kiya gaya ki magadh samrajy do bhagon men vibhakt ho gaya. dasharath ka adhikar samrajy ke poorvi bhag men tatha snprati ka pashchimi bhag men tha. vishnu puran tatha gargi snhita ke anusar snprati tatha dasharath ke bad ullekhaniy maury shasak 'salisuk' tha. use snprati ka putr brihaspati bhi mana ja sakata hai. puranon men hi nahin varanh harshacharit men bhi magadh ke antim samrat ka nam 'brihadrath' diya gaya hai. inake anusar maury vnsh ke antim samrat brihadrath ki, usake senapati pushyamitr ne hatya kar di aur svayn sinhasan par aroodh ho gaya.

mahendr aur putri snghamitra

ashok ne bauddh dharm grahan kiya, is dharm ke upadeshon ko n keval desh men varanh videshon men bhi pracharit karane ke lie prabhavashali qadam uthae. apane putr mahendr aur putri snghamitra ko ashok ne isi kary ke lie shrilnka bheja tha. ashok ne apane karyakal men anek shilalekh khudavae jinamen dharmopadeshon ko utkirn kiya gaya. rajashakti ko sarvapratham usane hi janakalyan ke vividh karyon ki or agrasar kiya. anek stoopon aur stnbhon ka nirman kiya gaya. inhin men se saranath ka prasiddh sinhashirsh stnbh bhi hai jo ab bharat ke rajachihn ke roop men sammanit hai.

maury samrajy ke patan ke karan

ashok ke bad hi maury samrajy ka patan arambh ho gaya tha aur lagabhag 50 varsh ke andar is samrajy ka ant ho gaya. itane alp samay men itane bade samrajy ka nasht ho jana ek aisi ghatana hai ki itihasakaron men samrajy vinash ke karanon ki jigyasa svabhavik hi hai.

mauryakalin bharat

maury samrajy ki samajik arthik, shasan prabnndh tatha dharm aur kala sambandhi janakari ke lie kautily ka arthashastr, maigasthaniz krit indika tatha ashok ke abhilekhon ka thik se arth lagaya jae to pata chalega ki ve ek doosare ke poorak hain. rudradaman ke joonagadh shilalekh se bhi prantiy shasan ke sambandh men mahattvapoorn janakari prapt hoti hai. maury kal ki janakari ke lie arthashastr ki pramanikata ke sambandh men vidvanon men matabhed hai. paramparagat dharana ke adhar par ise chndragupt maury ke mntri chanaky (vishnugupt) dvara rachit manakar ee. poo. chauthi shatabdi ka bataya jata hai. kintu vaigyanik dhng se kie ge adhunik shodh ne is mat ke prati ashnka vyakt ki hai. is sndarbh men trantamain ke shodhakary ka ullekh anuchit n hoga. arthashastr ki shaili ke sankhyakiy vishleshan dvara unhonne spasht kiya hai ki isaki rachana ek yug vishesh men nahin apitu vibhinn shatabdiyon men huee aur isilie yah kisi vyakti vishesh ki rachana n hokar vibhinn hathon ki kriti hai. jahan kuchh adhyay maury kal ke hain vahan adhikansh adhyay aise bhi hain jo tisari, chauthi shatabdi eesvi men rache ge.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh


tika tippani aur sndarbh

sambndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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