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अर्थशास्त्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Page white edit.png yah lekh ki adhar avastha hi hai, ap isako taiyar karane men sahayata kar sakate hain.
  • arthashastr (angrezi:Economics) samajik vigyan ki vah shakha hai, jisake antargat vastuon aur sevaon ke utpadan, vitaran, vinimay aur upabhog ka adhyayan kiya jata hai.
  • arthashastr do shabdon se bana hai, arth aur shastr; isalie isaki sabase saral paribhasha yah hai ki vah aisa shastr hai jisamen manushy ke arthasnbndhi prayatnon ka vivechan ho. kisi vishay ke snbndh men munashyon ke karyo ke kramabaddh gyan ko us vishay ka shastr kahate hain, isalie arthashastr men munashyon ke arthasnbndhi kayon ka kramabaddh gyan hona avashyak hai.
  • arthashastr men arthasnbndhi baton ki pradhanata hona svabhavik hai. parntu hamako yah nahin bhoolana chahie ki gyan ka uddeshy arth prapt karana hi nahin hai, saty ki khoj dvara vishv ke lie kalyan, sukh aur shanti prapt karana bhi hai.
  • arthashastr yah bhi batalata hai ki manushyon ke arthik prayatnon dvara vishv men sukh aur shanti kaise prapt ho sakati hai. sab shastron ke saman arthashastr ka uddeshy bhi vishvakalyan hai. arthashastr ka drishtikon antarrashtriy hai, yadyapi usamen vyaktigat aur rashtriy hiton ka bhi vivechan rahata hai. yah snbhav hai ki is shastr ka adhyayan kar kuchh vyakti ya rashtr dhanavan ho jaen aur adhik dhanavan hone ki chinta men doosare vyakti ya rashtron ka shoshan karane lagen, jisase vishv ki shanti bhng ho jae. parntu unake shoshan snbndhi ye sab kary arthashastr ke anuroop ya uchit nahin kahe ja sakate, kyonki arthashastr to unhin karyon ka samarthan kar sakata hai, jisake dvara vishvakalyan ki vriddhi ho.
  • is vivechan se spasht hai ki arthashastr ki saral paribhasha is prakar honi chahie-arthashastr men munashyon ke arthasnbndhi sab karyo ka kramabaddh adhyayan kiya jata hai. usaka dhyey vishvakalyan hai aur usaka drishtikon antarrashtriy hai.

bharat men arthashastr

arthashastr bahut prachin vidya hai. char upaved ati prachin kal men banae ge the. in charon upavedon men atharvaved bhi ek upaved mana jata hai. parntu ab yah upalabdh nahin hai. vishnu puran men bharat ki prachin tatha pradhan 18 vidyaon men arthashastr bhi pariganit hai. is samay brihaspati tatha kautily ke arthashastr hi upalabdh hain. arthashastr ke sarvapratham achary brihaspati the. unaka arthashastr sootron ke roop men prapt hai, parntu usamen arthashastr snbndhi sab baton ka samavesh nahin hai. kautily ka arthashastr hi ek aisa grnth hai jo arthashastr ke vishay par upalabdh kramabaddh grnth hai, isalie isaka mahatv sabase adhik hai. achary kautily chanaky ke nam se bhi prasiddh hain. ye chndragupt maury (321-297 ee.poo.) ke mahamntri the. inaka grnth 'arthashastr' pnditon ki ray men pray: 2,300 varsh purana hai. achary kautily ke matanusar arthashastr ka kshetr prithvi ko prapt karane aur usaki raksha karane ke upayon ka vichar karana hai. unhonne apane arthashastr men bahmachary ki diksha se lekar deshon ki vijay karane ki anek baton ka samavesh kiya hai. shaharon ka basana, guptacharon ka prabndh, fauj ki rachana, nyayalayon ki sthapana, vivah snbndhi niyam, dayabhag, shutron par chadhaee ke tarike, kilabndi, sndhiyon ke bhed, vyooharachana ityadi baton ka vistararoop se vichar achary kautily apane grnth men karate hain. pramanat: is grnth ki kitani hi baten arthashastr ke adhunik kal men nirdisht kshetr se bahar ki hain. usamen rajaniti, dndaniti, samajashastr, nitishastr ityadi vishayon par bhi vichar hua hai.

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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