उपवेद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

upaved un sab vidyaon ko kaha jata hai, jo ved ke hi antargat hon. yah ved ke hi ashrit tatha vedon se hi nikale hote hain. jaise-

  1. dhanurved - vishvamitr ne ise yajurved se nikala tha.
  2. gandharvaved - bharatamuni ne ise samaved se nikala tha.
  3. ayurved - dhanvntari ne ise rigved se ise nikala tha.
  4. sthapaty - vishvakarma ne atharvaved se ise nikala tha.
vidvanon men matabhed

is tathy ke vishay men kaun upaved kis ved ke sath yatharthat: snbaddh hai, vidvanon men aikamaty nahin hai. madhusoodan sarasvati ke 'prasthanabhed' ke anusar vedon ke saman hi upaved bhi kramash: char hain-ayurved, dhanurved, sngitaved tatha arthashastr. inamen ayurved rigved ka upaved mana jata hai, parntu sushrut ise atharvaved ka upaved manate hain. ayurved ke ath sthan mane jate hain-sootr, sharir, aindriy, chikitsa, nidan, viman, vikalp tatha siddhi evn isake pravakta acharyon men mukhy hain-brahm, prajapati, ashvinh‌, dhanvntari, bharadvaj, atrey, agnivesh. atrey dvara pratipadit tatha upadisht, agnivesh dvara nirmit snhita ko charak ne pratisnskrit kiya. isalie 'charakasnhita' ko dridhabal ne 'agniveshakrit' tatha 'charak pratisnskrit tntr' angikar kiya hai. charak, sushrut tatha vagbhat ayurved ke trimuni hain. kamashastr ka antarbhav ayurved ke bhitar mana jata hai.[1]

  • yajurved ka upaved dhanurved hai jisaka sarvaprachin grnth vishvamitr ki rachana mana jata hai. isamen char pad hain-dikshapad, sngrahapad, siddhipad tatha prayogapad ('prasthanabhed' ke anusar). is upaved men astr-shastron ke grahan, shikshan, abhyas tatha prayog ka sangopang varnan kiya gaya hai. 'kodndamndan' dhanuvidya ka bada hi pramanik grnth mana jata hai.
  • sngitaved samaved ka upaved hai jisamen nrity, git tatha vady ke siddhant evn prayog, grahan tatha pradarshan ka rochak vivaran prastut kiya gaya hai. is ved ke pradhan achary bharatamuni hain jinhonne apane 'natyashastr' men naty ke sath sngit ka bhi pramanik varnan kiya hai. kohal ne sngit ke oopar ek many grnth likha tha jisaka ek ansh 'taladhyay' aj upalabdh hai. matng ke 'brihaddeshi', narad ke 'sngitamakarnd', sharnh‌gadev ke 'sngitaratnakar' adi grnthon ki rachana ke karan yah upaved atynt samriddh hai.
  • arthashastr atharvaved ka upaved hai. rajaniti tatha dndaniti isi ke namantar hain. brihaspati, ushana, vishalaksh, bharadvaj, parashar adi isake pradhan achary hain. kautily ka 'arthashastr' nitant prasiddh hai. 'shilpashastr' ki ganana bhi isi upaved ke antargat ki jati hai.[2]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

pauranik kosh |lekhak: ranaprasad sharma |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, aj bhavan, snt kabir marg, varanasi |prishth snkhya: 59 |

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 2 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 123 |
  2. sn.grn.-madhusoodan sarasvati : prasthanabhed, anndashram, poona, 1906.

snbndhit lekh

shrutiyan

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