भूटिया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhootiya himalayi log hain, jo naunvi shatabdi ya bad men tibbat se dakshin ki or utpravas karane vale mane jate hain. is janajati ke logon ko 'bhotiya' ya 'bhot' aur 'bhootani' bhi kahalate hain. ye log adhikanshat: pahadi sthanon par hi rahate hain. bhootiya janajati ke log parvatiy dhalanon par sidhidar khet banakar kheti karate hain. ye dalaee lama ko apane adhyatmik neta ke roop men manate hain.

vistar

bhootiya bharat ke padosi desh bhootan ki janasnkhya men bahusnkhyak hain aur nepal tatha bharat, visheshakar bharat ke sikkim rajy men alpasnkhyak hain. ye chini tibbati bhasha parivar ki tibbati-barmi shakha ki vividh bhashaen bolate hain. bhootiya chhote ganvon aur lagabhag agamy bhoo-bhag dvara alag kiye ge prithakh bhookhndon men rahane vale pahadi log hain.

vyavasay

is janajati ke log kheti par adhik nirbhar hain. ye log parvatiy dhalanon par sidhidar kheti karate hain aur mukhyat: chaval, makka aur aloo ki phasal ugate hain. inamen se kuchh pashu prajanak hain, jo maveshiyon aur yak ke lie jane jate hain.

dharm

bhootiyaon ka dharm 'baaun' nam se vikhyat poorv bauddh ojhaee dharm ke sammishran vala tibbati bauddh dharm hai. ye dalaee lama ko apane adhyatmik neta ke roop men manate hain. bhootiya apani utpatti ko paitrik vnsh ke anusar chihnit karate hain. ye ekavivahi hote hain, kintu kuchh kshetron men bahuvivah ab bhi prachalit hai.

rochak prasng

bharat ke uttarakhnd men dronagiri ganv men basane vale bhootiya janajati ke log hindoo dharm ko manane vale hain. ye sabhi hindoo devi-devataon ki pooja karate hain, lekin shriram ke bhakt hanuman se ye log eershya karate hain. kyonki dronagiri ke adivasiyon ki hanuman ji se narajagi treta yug se chali a rahi hai. isaka karan yah mana jata hai ki lnka naresh ravan ke putr meghanad ke ban se ghayal hokar lakshman moorchchhit ho gaye the. is samay vaidy sushen ne hanuman ji ko snjivani lane ke lie kaha tha. sushen ne hanuman ko bataya tha ki snjivani booti sirf dronagiri parvat par hi milati hai. kaha jata hai ki hanuman ji snjivani booti ki pahachan nahin kar sake aur poora ka poora parvat hi uthakar chal diye. kaha jata hai ki hanuman ji jis parvat ko uthakar apane sath le gaye the, dronagiri nivasi usi parvat ki pooja kiya karate the. apane devata ko hanuman ji dvara le jane ke karan yahan ke nivasi hanuman se naraj hain. is ilake men koee bhi hanuman ka nam nahin leta hai.[1]

samntavadi samaj

inaka parnparik samaj samntavadi tha, jisamen adhikansh janata ek bhoo-svami abhijat varg ke lie kashtakaron ke roop men kam karane vali thi, yadyapi bhoo-svamiyon aur kashtakaron ki jivanashaili ke bich kuchh vishisht bhinnataen thin. inamen gulam bhi the, jinamen se adhikansh bharatiy kshetron par kiye ge akramanon men pakade ge qaidiyon ki sntanen hain. 1960 men bhootani sarakar ne gulamon ko vidhivat samapt kar diya, badi jagiron ko vighatit karane ka prayas kiya aur abhijat varg ko bhi apani paitrik upadhiyon se vnchit kar diya gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. dronagiri, hanuman, uttarakhnd, bhootiya (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 19 march, 2013.

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